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HER Number:MDV70556
Name:Roman Marching Camp North of The Barton, North Tawton II

Summary

North-west corner of a second Roman military camp visible to the west of the main marching camp on aerial photographs. Part of a complex of large Roman military enclosures on the east bank of the River Taw.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 660 007
Map Sheet:SS60SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishNorth Tawton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishNORTH TAWTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS60SE/26/1
  • Old SAM Ref: 10384.03

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • TEMPORARY CAMP (Constructed, Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD (Between))

Full description

Griffith, F. M., 1984, DAP/AF, 2-3 (Aerial Photograph). SDV237333.

North-west corner of a second camp visible to the west of the main marching camp on aerial photo. Map object based on this Source.


Griffith, F. M., 1984, Roman Military Sites in Devon: Some Recent Discoveries, Fig 4 (Article in Serial). SDV35308.

Map object based on this source.


Horner, B., 2002, Evaluation excavation at North Tawton Barton, 23-25 (Ground Photograph). SDV7685.

Three photographs of the evaluation excavation in 2002.


Whiteaway, T., 2003, Archaeological Evaluation of Proposed Site of Lorry Park and Storm Water Storage Pond at the Barton, North Tawton, 4, Fig. 4 (Report - Evaluation). SDV265762.

The excavation of three trenches by Exeter Archaeology in 2003 allowed a reinterpretation of the cropmark evidence for the second marching camp. A land drain aligned north to south was exposed in the western end of all three trenches and may account for the cropmark identifying the western side of the camp. The apparent rounded north-west corner of the camp may be explained by the junction of the land drain, a former north to south field boundary shown on the tithe map and the west to east cropmark.


Department of Environment, 2003, Roman Forts, Marching Camps and Associated Monuments (Schedule Document). SDV343864.

The monument includes a complex of large Roman military enclosures together with a series of smaller enclosures and ring-ditches in fields around The Barton on the east bank of the River Taw. The military enclosures have been identified as two forts and two marching camps. The marching camps which lie to the north of the forts, apparently enclosing The Barton, are visible as cropmarks.


Passmore, A. J., 2004, Archaeological Recording at Site of New Warehouse for Vital Dog Supplies, The Barton, North Tawton, 1-2 (Report - Watching Brief). SDV319972.


Young, A., 2005, Transcriptions from Winkleigh Biomass Plant NMP project (Cartographic). SDV321540.

Transcriptions of a ditch correspond to the grid reference for PRN167059.


Young, A. & Turner, S., 2005-2006, North Devon/Winkleigh Biomass Plant NMP project, PRN167059 (Report - Survey). SDV358473.

A linear feature is visible as an single ditch on aerial photos (p1). It has been interpreted as a 'land drain' in Devon's HER. It is however sited within an area described as ‘Barton’ fields for Devon’s Historic Landscape Characterisation and could possibly be a field boundary of C15th- C18th origin. It has been digitally plotted as part of the National Mapping Programme.
Photograph reference:
1. DCC DAP AU 12 (NMR SS6600/56- 3517) 03-JUL-1984


GSB Prospection, 2006, Roman Marching Camp, North Tawton (Report - Geophysical Survey). SDV338954.

Geophysical survey to the north of The Barton in North Tawton in 2006 identified part of the Roman marching camp.


English Heritage, 2009, Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West, 119 (Report - non-specific). SDV342694.

Generally satisfactory but with significant localised problems. Principal vulnerability arable ploughing.


Gillard, M., 2009, The Barton, North Tawton, Devon: Results of Archaeological Excavations, 9, 16, 20 (Report - Excavation). SDV347928.

Excavations on the site of a proposed warehouse development to the north of the existing commerical buildings at The Barton uncovered a ditch (132) running east-west and the north-west end of the site. The ditch which had a roughly V-shaped profile contained the complete pedestal base of a Romano-British black-burnished ware vessel of 1st or century date. A later ditch (187) ran within the north side of ditch 132. The stoney fill of the latter suggests that it may have been dug for drainage purposes. Two subsequent field drains running north-south across it were also identified. Ditch 132 appears to correspond with a previously identified cropmark which may form the northern edge of a marching camp, although this interpretation has been questioned. No southern return was uncovered but this may have been lost due to plough damage. The V-shaped profile and the presence of 1st-2nd century black-burnished ware supports a Roman military origin for the ditch.


English Heritage, 2010, Heritage at Risk Register 2010: South West, 112 (Report - non-specific). SDV344777.


English Heritage, 2011, Heritage at Risk Register 2011: South West, 118 (Report - non-specific). SDV355280.

Roman forts, marching camps and associated monuments, North Tawton. Generally satisfactory but with significant localised problems. Declining. Principal vulnerability arable ploughing.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1984. DAP/AF. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2-3.
  • Report - Evaluation: Whiteaway, T.. 2003. Archaeological Evaluation of Proposed Site of Lorry Park and Storm Water Storage Pond at the Barton, North Tawton. Exeter Archaeology Report. 03.60. A4 stapled + Digital. 4, Fig. 4.
  • Report - Watching Brief: Passmore, A. J.. 2004. Archaeological Recording at Site of New Warehouse for Vital Dog Supplies, The Barton, North Tawton. Exeter Archaeology Report. 04.11. A4 Stapled + Digital. 1-2.
  • Cartographic: Young, A.. 2005. Transcriptions from Winkleigh Biomass Plant NMP project. Plot of Cropmarks. Digital.
  • Report - Geophysical Survey: GSB Prospection. 2006. Roman Marching Camp, North Tawton. GSB Prospection Report. A4 Stapled + Digital.
  • Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2009. Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West. English Heritage Report. A4 Bound +Digital. 119.
  • Schedule Document: Department of Environment. 2003. Roman Forts, Marching Camps and Associated Monuments. The Schedule of Monuments. A4 Stapled.
  • Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2010. Heritage at Risk Register 2010: South West. English Heritage Report. Digital. 112.
  • Report - Excavation: Gillard, M.. 2009. The Barton, North Tawton, Devon: Results of Archaeological Excavations. Southwest Archaeology Report. 093005. A4 Comb Bound + Digital. 9, 16, 20.
  • Article in Serial: Griffith, F. M.. 1984. Roman Military Sites in Devon: Some Recent Discoveries. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 42. A5 Paperback. Fig 4.
  • Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2011. Heritage at Risk Register 2011: South West. english Heritage. Digital. 118.
  • Report - Survey: Young, A. & Turner, S.. 2005-2006. North Devon/Winkleigh Biomass Plant NMP project. Cornwall Council Report. Digital. PRN167059.
  • Ground Photograph: Horner, B.. 2002. Evaluation excavation at North Tawton Barton. Photograph (Paper). 23-25.

Associated Monuments

MDV103778Part of: Roman Military Complex at North Tawton (Monument)
MDV104059Related to: Cooking Pits to north of The Barton, North Tawton (Monument)
MDV70557Related to: Former Field Boundary, The Barton, North Tawton (Monument)
MDV6841Related to: North Tawton Roman Fort I (Monument)
MDV29193Related to: North Tawton Roman Fort II (Monument)
MDV70558Related to: Possible field boundary to north of The Barton, North Tawton (Monument)
MDV14518Related to: Ring Ditch North-East of The Barton, North Tawton (Monument)
MDV14517Related to: Ring Ditches North of The Barton, North Tawton (Monument)
MDV4525Related to: Roman Marching Camp north of The Barton, North Tawton I (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV375 - Archaeological Evaluation of a Proposed Site of a Lorry Park and storm Water Storage Pond at The Barton, North Tawton
  • EDV376 - Archaeological Recording at Site of New Warehouse for Vital Dog Supplies, The Barton, North Tawton
  • EDV5378 - Excavations at The Barton, North Tawton (Ref: 093005)
  • EDV4269 - Geophysical Survey at The Barton, North Tawton
  • EDV7455 - Winkleigh Biomass Plant National Mapping Programme

Date Last Edited:Feb 23 2018 1:00PM