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HER Number:MDV7437
Name:Cairn and Cist on Blackslade Down

Summary

A very ruinous cairn on Blackslade Down has a central cist, made up of four edge-set, in situ, slabs, forming a rectangular chamber of 1.0 metre by 0.7 metres. This cairn was investigated in 1871 (Dartmoor Exploration Committee 1897). Pottery and charcoal were retrieved but the displaced capstone to cover the cist, reported as lying beside it, is now absent.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 734 755
Map Sheet:SX77NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWidecombe in the Moor
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishWIDECOMBE IN THE MOOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX77NW/21
  • Old SAM County Ref: 352
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • CIST (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Rowe, S., 1896, Perambulation of the Forest of Dartmoor, 156 (Monograph). SDV249697.


Baring Gould, S., 1897, Fourth Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee, 145-165, plate 33a (Article in Serial). SDV337081.

Kisvaen 400 yards south-east of Tunhill Rocks, lying longitudinally north-north-east by south-south-west, north-north-eastern stone measures 2 feet 4 inches long by 4 inches wide; east-south-east side stone measures 3 feet 7 inches long and 3 inches wide, west-north-west stones is 3 feet 4 inches long and 5 inches wide, south-south-west stone is 2 feet 6 inches long and 6 inches wide. Depth 2.5 feet, cover stone by kist which is a ruined and pillaged cairn 40 feet in diameter.
In 1871 Messrs Amery examined soil in bottom and found a few small fragments of pottery, buff-coloured, with no ornamentation and a piece of wood charcoal. Kist "very perfect", illustrated plate 33a with photograph.


Worth, R. H., 1902, Twenty-First Report of the Barrow Committee, 116,122,128 (Article in Serial). SDV20971.


Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 318 (Monograph). SDV320981.


Worth, R. H., 1934, Fifty-Third Report of the Barrow Committee, 41-42 plate 6 (Article in Serial). SDV345863.

Kisvaen measuring internally 12.6 metres by 8.5 metres with a maximum depth of 7.3 metres, orientated north-south. Cover stone missing. There are remains of the cairn not less than 13.7 metres in diameter.


Worth, R. H., 1937, 56th Report of the Barrow Committee, 87 fig.8 (Article in Serial). SDV20973.

Unusual kist in that the sides are set within the end stones, in place of the end stones being set between the sides. Cover stone missing, and the remains of the cairn have been robbed. Opened by a former parson of Widecombe, whose house was destroyed by an explosion the following night (Date estimated as 1933).


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1960, SX77NW36, 12/5/1960 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV308305.

Cairn now partly grass covered, with a maximum height of 0.8 metres on the eastern side. On the west side it has been robbed to ground level.


Worth, R. H., 1967, Worth's Dartmoor, 173, 176-177 (plan) (Monograph). SDV337618.

Worth describes the cairn and includes a plan.


Grinsell, L. V., 1976, Folklore of Prehistoric Sites in Britain, 98 (Monograph). SDV304171.


National Monument Record, 1977, SX7375, 6 (Aerial Photograph). SDV308312.


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 177 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(Visited 11/9/1973) Damaged cairn exposing fine cist placed almost south/north, capstone missing. North-west and north-east corners either slightly dressed or selected to fit. Side slabs are (unusually) set within the end slabs. Diameter 16.5 metres, height 0.7 metres. Cairn is on Blackslade Down.


Beeson, M. M. R. + Masterman, M. C. H., 1979, An Archaeological Survey of Enclosed Land in Widecombe-In-The-Moor Parish, Volume V, 1049 (Report - Survey). SDV337078.


Robinson, R., 1983, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1983 (Un-published). SDV345762.

Site visited 25/3/1983.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Cairn is visible on aerial photographs (recorded on map overlay).


Wardle, C. J., 1991, Cairn with cist on Blackslade Down, sketch plan included (Worksheet). SDV308314.

Sited on a col 400 metres to the south-east of Tunhill Rocks, 400 metres south of Pil Tor and 250 metres north of Wittaburrow cairn. An approximately circular structure of varying height above ground (1.2 metres at the highest point). Very disturbed. A bank running from south-east by north-west appears to incorporate the south side of the structure, (see plan on worksheet) obscuring it. The west side is very eroded near jumbled rocks in the central area (about 8 metres in diameter) include some white quartz rocks and suggest the remains of a cairn. In the centre is a rectangular cist set in north-south orientation. The inner dimensions measure 1.02 metres by 0.71 metres, depth 0.35 metres lined by 4 granite slabs with smooth plane inner surface. The bottom now has the same rough stone and turf obscuring its original form.


Ordnance Survey, 2015, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV357601.

Depicted on the modern mapping. Map object based on this source.


English Heritage, 2015, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV357602.

Remains of a cairn with a well preserved kist in the centre. The cover stone is missing (Schedule details from 1950).


Newman , P., 2015, Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape, Dartmoor National Park, Devon, 48, (Figs 8 & 10) (Report - Survey). SDV359145.

A very ruinous cairn on Blackslade Down has a central cist, made up of four edge-set, in situ, slabs, forming a rectangular chamber of 1.0 metre by 0.7 metres. This cairn was investigated in 1871 (Dartmoor Exploration Committee 1897). Pottery and charcoal were retrieved but the displaced capstone to cover the cist, reported as lying beside it, is now absent. The 16.5 metre diameter cairn that covered the cist was probably a mound, but the uneven ground and pitting which surrounds it, suggests much material was robbed to construct a field boundary, of probable medieval date; this touches and obscures the southern tangent of the cairn. Surveyed at 1:200 scale May 2015.
Condition is stable. Evidence of antiquarian intervention.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1902. Twenty-First Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 34. A5 Hardback. 116,122,128.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1937. 56th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 69. A4 Unbound. 87 fig.8.
  • Monograph: Grinsell, L. V.. 1976. Folklore of Prehistoric Sites in Britain. Folklore of Prehistoric Sites in Britain. Unknown. 98.
  • Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 177.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1960. SX77NW36. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. 12/5/1960.
  • Monograph: Rowe, S.. 1896. Perambulation of the Forest of Dartmoor. Perambulation of the Forest of Dartmoor. Unknown. 156.
  • Article in Serial: Baring Gould, S.. 1897. Fourth Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 29. A5 Hardback. 145-165, plate 33a.
  • Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 318.
  • Worksheet: Wardle, C. J.. 1991. Cairn with cist on Blackslade Down. Worksheets. Digital. sketch plan included.
  • Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 1977. SX7375. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 6.
  • Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1967. Worth's Dartmoor. Worth's Dartmoor. A5 Hardback. 173, 176-177 (plan).
  • Report - Survey: Beeson, M. M. R. + Masterman, M. C. H.. 1979. An Archaeological Survey of Enclosed Land in Widecombe-In-The-Moor Parish. Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology Report. Vols I - V. A4 Comb Bound. Volume V, 1049.
  • Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1983. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1983. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1934. Fifty-Third Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 66. A5 Hardback. 41-42 plate 6.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2015. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
  • National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2015. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
  • Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 2015. Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape, Dartmoor National Park, Devon. South-West Landscape Investigations. A4 Bound + Digital. 48, (Figs 8 & 10).

Associated Monuments

MDV7537Related to: Cairn south of Wittaburrow (Monument)
MDV113255Related to: Drift lane south-east of Tunhill Rocks (Monument)
MDV26975Related to: Parallel reaves around Whittaburrow (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6836 - Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape survey

Date Last Edited:Sep 8 2015 3:19PM