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HER Number:MDV7539
Name:Cairn on summit of Rippon Tor

Summary

A massive cairn on the summit of Rippon Tor, 28 metres in diameter and 4 metres high. One of four cairns in the vicinity. It is an approximately circular mound of granite boulders, with an overall spread of 27 metres. The top has been much altered and added to, and the central area hollowed; there is also the more recent addition of an Ordnance Survey trig pillar within the hollow. Condition is declining due to frequent interference by the public.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 746 755
Map Sheet:SX77NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishIlsington
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishILSINGTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • MPP Archaeological Item Dataset: 152325
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX77NW/93
  • Old SAM Ref: 28774
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: 27/03/2014

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Wall, J. C., 1906, Ancient Earthworks, 628 (Article in Monograph). SDV341465.


Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 329 (Monograph). SDV320981.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1960-1961, SX77NW48 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV308321.

Site visit 20th April 1960. Cairn D. On the summit of Rippon Tor is a large cairn 4.0 metres high incorporating outcrop of the tor. Small central hollow contains an Ordnance Survey triangulation pillar.


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 142 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(Visited 28/9/1975) Cairn built around tor. Diameter 25 metres, height 4.0 metres.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible on Royal Air Force or National Monuments Record aerial photographs.


Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 69/A62 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Ring cairn, internal diameter 4.5 metres, with bank 1.0 metre wide and 0.4 metres high. In the centre is a boulder 3.0 metres wide, 2.0 metres thick, 2.5 metres high.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 42; Fig. 5.3 (Monograph). SDV219155.

Cairn 1 is 28 metres in diameter and 4 metres high and has an Ordnance Survey triangulation station at the centre.


Horner, B., 1992, Rippon Tor summit cairn (Personal Comment). SDV296837.

Ordnance Survey appears to have mis-written the cairn's height and Turner gives national grid reference as SX74697553, but the Ordnance Survey siting seems correct.


Gerrard, S., 1992-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., 152325 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visit 1st April 1999. One of four cairns near Rippon Tor. Cairn on summit of Rippon Tor at SX74687556. Diameter 28 metres, height 4.0 metres. A massive cairn enhancing Rippon Tor. Most of the surface of the cairn is composed of loose stones which are clearly being moved around to form visitor shelters. There is one adjacent to the trig point and another a short distance to the north.


Ordnance Survey, 2012, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV348725.

Cairn is depicted on the modern map. Map object based on this source.


Newman, P., 2013, An Archaeological Assessment of Halshanger and Horridge Commons, Dartmoor, Devon, 4, Table 1 (Report - Assessment). SDV356396.

The largest cairn on Rippon Tor is the tor cairn. The is a large heap of granite boulders and smaller stones perched on the main granite outcrop. Its domed profile is a conspicuous landmark and in turn it commands impressive views to the coast as well as other moorland areas including the cairns on Hameldown and Holne Ridge. It has an overall diameter of 27 metres. There is a concrete Ordnance Survey triangulation point set centrally within the cairn fabric, around which the cairn has been much altered and hollowed by the frequent rebuilding of a temporary shelter. Condition declining, subject to interference by public.


Newman, P., 2013, Halshanger Sites Visited and Confirmed (Report - Survey). SDV351113.

Site visited and grid reference confirmed.


English Heritage, 2014, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV355683.

Part of the Rippon Tor coaxial field system. There are ten cairns within the monument, half of which stand at or near the summit of Rippon Tor. The cairn crowning the summit of the tor measures 28 metres in diameter, stands up to 4 metres high and is largely composed of loose rocks.


Newman , P., 2015, Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape, Dartmoor National Park, Devon, 49, figure 21 (Report - Survey). SDV359145.

Cairn on summit of Rippon Tor. A cairn sits on the highest point of the main outcrop of Rippon Tor. It is an approximately circular mound of granite boulders, with an overall spread of 27 metres. The top has been much altered and added to, and the central area hollowed; there is also the more recent addition of an Ordnance Survey trig pillar within the hollow. Condition is declining due to frequent interference by the public. SX74657 75573.

Sources / Further Reading

  • Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 42; Fig. 5.3.
  • Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 69/A62.
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1960-1961. SX77NW48. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
  • Personal Comment: Horner, B.. 1992. Rippon Tor summit cairn. Not Applicable.
  • Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 142.
  • Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1992-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. 152325.
  • Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 329.
  • Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2012. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
  • Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
  • Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2013. Halshanger Sites Visited and Confirmed. Digital.
  • Report - Assessment: Newman, P.. 2013. An Archaeological Assessment of Halshanger and Horridge Commons, Dartmoor, Devon. SW Landscape Investigations Report. A4 Bound + Digital. 4, Table 1.
  • National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2014. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
  • Article in Monograph: Wall, J. C.. 1906. Ancient Earthworks. Victoria History of the County of Devon. Hardback Volume. 628.
  • Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 2015. Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape, Dartmoor National Park, Devon. South-West Landscape Investigations. A4 Bound + Digital. 49, figure 21.

Associated Monuments

MDV7433Related to: Cairn 100 metres south-east of Rippon Tor (Monument)
MDV7434Related to: Cairn 30 metres south-east of Rippon Tor (Monument)
MDV13721Related to: Cairn 75 metres south-east of Rippon Tor (Monument)
MDV51162Related to: Cairn south-east of Rippon Tor (Monument)
MDV25747Related to: Parallel Reave System on Horridge Common (Monument)
MDV51161Related to: Possible cairn south Summit Cairn at Rippon Tor (Monument)
MDV7464Related to: Unfinished Cross at Rippon Tor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6433 - Assessment of Halsanger Common, Horridge Common and Rippon Tor
  • EDV6836 - Rippon Tor Premier Archaeological Landscape survey

Date Last Edited:Mar 7 2016 2:55PM