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Name:Bourne Castle
HER Number:30043
Type of record:Monument

Summary

Bourne Castle

Grid Reference:TF 093 199
Map Sheet:TF01NE
Parish:BOURNE, SOUTH KESTEVEN, LINCOLNSHIRE

Full description

PRN 30043
This castle lying in low easily flooded country is in reality a large moated site. There are two enclosures both rectangular in shape; the easterly one has been almost flattened by cultivation but there is the remains of a motte on the south side. The western enclosure is a pure rectangle and the banks on its west side are 15-20 feet in height. An interesting type of earthwork; reputed to be pre-Norman but there is no evidence of this on the ground. {1}
Size consists of two roughly rectangular enclosures separated by a circular pond. The westerly one is the better preserved with an impressive bank standing 5-6m high and c12-15m across on the west side. On the south the bank is lower and there is a gap of c15m. Beyond there is to the south a further bank visible at the field edge. The area between these two is very marshy. The east bank is also lower and has very marshy ground beyond it towards the pond. The north side is fairly level and obviously affected by footpath. Eastern earthwork has been affected by cultivation. Some banks visible standing to 1m high on the west side. Towards the east edge is an irregularly shaped mound with a fairly level top and fairly vertical sides. The site is in good condition with fairly short grass and only a little erosion was noted on the banks. {2}
Although landscaping for the park has removed or hidden some of the monument's features, the main details can still be clearly seen. There is an irregularly shaped motte 1.2-2.7m high with traces of a surrounding ditch. Beyond this to the north are traces of fishponds. An outer bailey to the west is partly hidden by a large pond but the surrounding banks can be traced for much of the way. {3}
Bourne was held by Morcar, Earl of the Northumbrians, and in 1086 by the Norman Oger. {4}
During a watching brief at Bourne Castle a number of medieval features were recorded. Four medieval walls, a possible rampart, a moat and a second possible moat or pond were discovered. Pottery sherds dating from 10th-12th century through to 16th-17th centuries were all recovered together with some medieval but mainly post medieval tile and other post medieval building materials. The walls are located in the north-east corner of the bailey suggesting that there was an open space, possible a courtyard in the centre. The deposits recorded during this watching brief seem to indicate widespread demolition of the castle, tentatively dated to the 16th-17th centuries. {13}{14}
A geophysical survey revealed the remains of a curtain wall with external square towers and other structural remains. {15}


<1> HBMC, AM 7, - (Scheduling record). SLI4067.


<2> HBMC, 1979, AM 12, - (Scheduling record). SLI4057.


<3> HBMC, 1987, AM 107, SAM 95 (Scheduling record). SLI4030.


<4> OS CARD INDEX, TF 01 NE:1,1964, DA (Index). SLI2401.


<5> Hayes, P. P. and Lane, T. W., 1992, The Fenland Project No.5: Lincolnshire Survey, the South-West Fens, U10 (Bibliographic reference). SLI1079.


<6> TROLLOPE, E., 1862, Associated Architectural and Archaeological Societies’ Reports and Papers, VOL6 (Article in serial). SLI407.


<7> VENABLES, E., 1890, Associated Architectural and Archaeological Societies’ Reports and Papers, VOL20 PP3-7 (Article in serial). SLI417.


<8> ARMITAGE, E.S., 1912, EARLY NORMAN CASTLES, PP107-8, 398 (Bibliographic reference). SLI868.


<9> SMR FILE, TF 01 NE:F - (Index). SLI2921.


<10> SMR FILE, TF 01 NE:J - (Index). SLI2921.


<11> 1974, EAST MIDLANDS ARCHAEOLOGICAL BULLETIN, - (Index). SLI2237.


<12> 1945-84, CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY COLLECTION, XQ72; AKO24 (Aerial Photograph). SLI173.


<13> Archaeological Project Services, 2002, Bourne Castle, Bourne, BCD01 (Intervention Report). SLI7752.


<14> Archaeological Project Services, 2002, Bourne Castle, Bourne, LCNCC:2001.267 (Excavation archive). SLI7753.


<15> Grid Nine Geophysics, 2006, Bourne Castle, Bourne: Geophysical Survey, - (Intervention Report). SLI12925.

Monument Types

  • WALL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CASTLE (Medieval - 1100 AD to 1199 AD)
  • FISHPOND (Medieval - 1100 AD to 1199 AD)
  • MOAT (Medieval - 1100 AD to 1199 AD)
  • MOTTE AND BAILEY (Medieval - 1100 AD to 1199 AD)

Associated Events

  • Geophysical survey at Bourne Castle
  • Bourne Castle

Protected Status

  • Conservation Area
  • Scheduled Monument
  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

<1>Scheduling record: HBMC. AM 7. -.
<2>Scheduling record: HBMC. 1979. AM 12. -.
<3>Scheduling record: HBMC. 1987. AM 107. SAM 95.
<4>Index: OS CARD INDEX. BOURNE. TF 01 NE:1,1964, DA.
<5>Bibliographic reference: Hayes, P. P. and Lane, T. W.. 1992. The Fenland Project No.5: Lincolnshire Survey, the South-West Fens. U10.
<6>Article in serial: TROLLOPE, E.. 1862. Associated Architectural and Archaeological Societies’ Reports and Papers. VOL6.
<7>Article in serial: VENABLES, E.. 1890. Associated Architectural and Archaeological Societies’ Reports and Papers. VOL20 PP3-7.
<8>Bibliographic reference: ARMITAGE, E.S.. 1912. EARLY NORMAN CASTLES. PP107-8, 398.
<9>Index: SMR FILE. BOURNE. TF 01 NE:F -.
<10>Index: SMR FILE. BOURNE. TF 01 NE:J -.
<11>Index: 1974. EAST MIDLANDS ARCHAEOLOGICAL BULLETIN. -.
<12>Aerial Photograph: 1945-84. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY COLLECTION. XQ72; AKO24.
<13>Intervention Report: Archaeological Project Services. 2002. Bourne Castle, Bourne. BCD01.
<14>Excavation archive: Archaeological Project Services. 2002. Bourne Castle, Bourne. LCNCC:2001.267.
<15>Intervention Report: Grid Nine Geophysics. 2006. Bourne Castle, Bourne: Geophysical Survey. -.

Related records

38808Related to: Well Head Cottage, Bourne (Building)