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HER Number:MSH230
Type of Record:Monument
Name:Forty Steps on the western town wall by Western Esplanade
Grid Reference:SU 4186 1157
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Summary

Forty Steps, also known as Albion Steps, was built in 1853 to provide a pedestrian route from the western wall down to the road and promenade on the foreshore.

Protected Status

  • Listed Building (I) 1340005: TOWN WALLS: SECTION OF WALL RUNNING WEST FROM BARGATE TO ARUNDEL TOWER AND THEN SOUTH TO POINT JUST SOUTH OF CASTLE WATER GATE. IT INCLUDES ARUNDEL TOWER, CATCHCOLD TOWER, GARDEROBE TOWER, THE 40 STEPS, CASTLE WATER GATE & CASTLE VAULT & THE TOWN WALLS
  • Scheduled Monument 1001927: Town wall: section from 75 yards (70m) East of Arundel Tower to limit of castle site including Arundel and Catchcold Towers

Other Statuses/Codes: None Recorded

Monument Types

  • STEPS (Built, Post Medieval - 1853 AD to 1853 AD (in that year))

Full description

Records for the town walls are currently being enhanced and it is intended that further details will be added to this description at a later date. The summary incorporates new information not yet included in this description. (SCC HER 8/12/09)
---------------------------------------
[1]: Extract from the Listed Building Description. TOWN WALLS - Section of wall running west from Bargate to Arundel Tower and then south to point just south of Castle Water Gate. It includes Arundel Tower, Catchcold Tower, Garderobe Tower, The 40 Steps, Castle Water Gate and Castle Vault (formerly listed as Section of Town Wall running from the point of junction with the Castle Wall just north of Simnel Street to its eastern termination just west of Bargate). Grade I.
- Mediaeval City Walls. ….. South of Catchcold Tower are the 40 Steps, a series of stone steps built on to the wall in 1850. …. Scheduled as an ancient monument.
[Derived from English Heritage LBS download dated 19/08/2005. Crown Copyright. Reproduced under the terms of the Open Government Licence.]

Sources / Further Reading

---SSH3068 - Unpublished document: Ancient Monument File AM17 - North-west town walls.
---SSH3124 - Unpublished document: Ancient Monument File AM7 - Catchcold Tower.
[1]SSH2888 - Digital archive: English Heritage. 2005. Listed Buildings System dataset for Southampton.

Associated Finds: None recorded

Associated Events: None recorded

Related records

MSH14Child of: Town Defences - town wall, towers and gates

Associated Links: None recorded

Images

Catchcold Tower and town wall, Western Esplanade, 21.6.09,  © I Peckham

Catchcold Tower and town wall, Western Esplanade, 21.6.09, © I Peckham

Catchcold Tower, Forty Steps and west town wall, Western Esplanade, 21.6.09,  © I Peckham

Catchcold Tower, Forty Steps and west town wall, Western Esplanade, 21.6.09, © I Peckham

Forty Steps, town wall and Garderobe Tower, Western Esplanade, 21.6.09,  © I Peckham

Forty Steps, town wall and Garderobe Tower, Western Esplanade, 21.6.09, © I Peckham

Forty Steps and Garderobe Tower from Albion Place, 21.6.09,  © I Peckham

Forty Steps and Garderobe Tower from Albion Place, 21.6.09, © I Peckham

Arundel Tower, Catchcold Tower and Forty Steps from Forest View, 21.6.09,  © I Peckham

Arundel Tower, Catchcold Tower and Forty Steps from Forest View, 21.6.09, © I Peckham

Catchcold Tower and Forty Steps from the Garderobe Tower, Forest View, 21.6.09,  © I Peckham

Catchcold Tower and Forty Steps from the Garderobe Tower, Forest View, 21.6.09, © I Peckham

Arundel Tower, Catchcold Tower, Forty Steps and town wall, Western Esplanade, 21.6.09,  © I Peckham

Arundel Tower, Catchcold Tower, Forty Steps and town wall, Western Esplanade, 21.6.09, © I Peckham

Catchcold Tower, Forty Steps and town wall between, Western Esplanade, 21.6.09,  © I Peckham

Catchcold Tower, Forty Steps and town wall between, Western Esplanade, 21.6.09, © I Peckham

Top of Forty Steps and town wall to southwest, Western Esplanade, 21.6.09,  © I Peckham

Top of Forty Steps and town wall to southwest, Western Esplanade, 21.6.09, © I Peckham

Catchcold Tower, Garderobe Tower, castle buttress and town wall, Western Esplanade, 21.6.09,  © I Peckham

Catchcold Tower, Garderobe Tower, castle buttress and town wall, Western Esplanade, 21.6.09, © I Peckham

If you have any feedback or new information about this record, please email the Southampton HER (her@southampton.gov.uk).