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HER Number:MSH60
Type of Record:Monument
Name:Town Defences
Grid Reference:None recorded

Summary

This is the overall parent record for the circuit of town defences begun in about 1180 and built in stages over the next 300 or so years. The defences consisted of ramparts, ditches, town walls, towers and gates. Child records give further details about these individual elements. About half of the former one-and-a-half mile circuit of the town wall survives, with 13 of the original 29 towers and 6 of the 8 gates still standing. The surviving walls are: most of the west wall, including the Arcades; a large part of the north wall; a few parts of the east wall, mainly at the south end. The town ditch has been backfilled. The above-ground remains are scheduled and listed. A full summary of the development of the town defences is being compiled and it is intended that further details and sources will be added to this and related records at a later date. (SCC HER 11/12/09)

(This record does not include the earlier putative defences in the area, or Southampton Castle, for which see separate records.)

Protected Status: None recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record (ex OS Antiquity Record): SU 41 SW 4  

Monument Types

  • TOWN DEFENCES (Built and altered, Medieval to Post Medieval - 1180 AD to 1550 AD (between))

Full description

Sources / Further Reading

---SSH1946 - Bibliographic reference: JS Wacher. 1975. The Excavations, 1956 - 1958.. P&CS: Excavs in Med Soton 1953-69, Vol 1. pp 142-148
---SSH2510 - Archaeological Report: H Kavanagh. 1994. York Buildings - SOU 175 Interim Report. SOU 175.
---SSH2624 - Unpublished document: NMR/OS. 1969-1982. NMR/OS Antiquity Record SU 41 SW 4.
---SSH2840 - Serial: DF Renn. 1965. "The Southampton Arcade". Medieval Archaeology Vol 8, pp 226-8. pp 226-8
---SSH3195 - Bibliographic reference: Southampton City Museums. 1960. Historic Buildings of Southampton - Illustrated Guide. (and various parts of wall - not cross ref'd)
---SSH3204 - Monograph: WF Grimes (ed). 1951. Aspects of Archaeology in Britain and Beyond (Essays presented to OGS Crawford)..
---SSH3205 - Article in monograph: BH St J. O'Neil. 1951. Southampton Town Wall. pp 243-57
---SSH3209 - Bibliographic reference: H Turner. 1971. Town Defences in England and Wales. pp 165-76
---SSH3210 - Bibliographic reference: C Platt. 1973. Medieval Southampton - The port and trading community, AD 1000-1600.. pp 36-9, 107-9, 113-4, 116, 121-124, 126-130, 143, 171-5, 203-4, 223-4
---SSH3212 - Bibliographic reference: A Rance. 1986. Southampton - An Illustrated History.. pp 38, 41-2, 45-7, 52, 58, 70, 92
---SSH3661 - Article in serial: RG Thomson (Ancient Monuments Officer, Southampton City Council). 1986. Visit to Southampton, 14 September1986.. Soc Architectural Historians Great Britain, Annual Conf 1986, pp 49-59.
---SSH4105 - Bibliographic reference: ?. ?. Fortress Britain - Gazetteer (includes section on Southampton Town Walls).
---SSH508 - Monograph: C Platt and R Coleman-Smith et al. 1975. Excavations in Medieval Southampton 1953 - 1969, Vol 1: The Excavation Reports. pp 36-38, 40-51
---SSH563 - Article in monograph: PA Faulkner. 1975. The Surviving Medieval Buildings. P&CS: Excavs in Med Soton 1953-69, Vol 1, 56-124. pp 56-72
---SSH567 - Bibliographic reference: LA Burgess. 1976. The Southampton Terrier of 1454. pp 8-31, particularly pp 20-31
---SSH634 - Bibliographic reference: 1908. Victoria County History Hants Volume 3 (1908). 3. pp 495-503
---SSH664 - Bibliographic reference: JS Davies. 1883. A History of Southampton. pp 59-111
---SSH782 - Bibliographic reference: Englefield. 1805. A Walk Through Southampton (Second Edition). (Considerably augmented: To which is added, Some Account of the Roman Station, Clausentum.).
---SSH944 - Bibliographic reference: Englefield. 1801. A Walk Through Southampton (First Edition).

Associated Finds: None recorded

Associated Events: None recorded

Related records

MSH3426Parent of: Town Defences - the south end of the eastern town rampart
MSH66Parent of: Town Defences - the town ditches
MSH63Parent of: Town Defences - the town rampart
MSH14Parent of: Town Defences - town wall, towers and gates

Associated Links: None recorded

If you have any feedback or new information about this record, please email the Southampton HER (her@southampton.gov.uk).