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HER Number:18163.47
Name:CARN BREA - Iron Age findspot

Summary

A hoard of Gallo-Belgic and British gold coins was found on the ridge of Carn Brea in 1749, and a Numidian bronze coin was found in 1896.

Grid Reference:SW 6855 4080
Parish:Carn Brea, Kerrier, Cornwall
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument CO79: Carn Brea Castle
  • Conservation Area: CARN BREA

Other References/Statuses

  • OS No. (OS Quarter-sheet and OS No.): SW64SE 1
  • Primary Record No. (1985-2009): 18163.47
  • SMR No. (OS Quarter-sheet and SMR No.): SW64SE 113.4

Monument Types

Full description

A hoard of Gallo-Belgic and British gold coins was found in two places, in close proximity, and a few days apart, on the ridge of Carn Brea. The discovery, in June 1749, was recorded by Borlase who describes the coins as frequently much worn and notes that those first found, sold by weight, were of sufficient quantity to be exchanged for sixteen pounds sterling (a significant sum in those days) (b1). Five of the coins are in the Ashmolean Museum (b6). Allen suggests that the coins, which originated from Kent must have been over 100 years old at the time of deposition, around the turn of the millennium (b7).
The discovery of a Numidian bronze coin at Carn Brea was recorded in Arch Camb, Vol 8, for 1896; the author suggesting a date shortly before the fall of Carthage (115 BC) for its manufacture. The coin was presented to the RIC museum (JRIC, 13, 1895).


<1> Borlase, W, 1754, Antiquities Historical and Monumental of the County of Cornwall, 242-283, PL19 (Bibliographic reference). SCO2878.


<2> GRUEBAR, HA, 1893, BRITISH GOLD COINS, SERIES 2, VOL 15, 41 (Unedited Source). SCO6535.


<3> Hencken, HO, 1932, The Archaeology of Cornwall and Scilly, 113-114, FIG 32 (Bibliographic reference). SCO3489.


<4> ALLEN, J, 1948, THE CARN BREA HOARD OF 1749, SERIES 6 VOL 8, 235-236 (Unedited Source). SCO7406.


<5> Mercer, R, 1970, The Neolithic Settlement on Carn Brea: Preliminary Report, 1970 (Cornish Archaeology No 9, 1970), VOL 9, 55 (Article in serial). SCO3933.


<6> Mercer, R, 1981, Excavations at Carn Brea, Illogan, 13-14 (Article in serial). SCO3929.


<7> Allen, DF, 1960, Problems of the Iron Age in South Britain, 97 (Bibliographic reference). SCO2722.

Sources / Further Reading

[1]SCO2878 - Bibliographic reference: Borlase, W. 1754. Antiquities Historical and Monumental of the County of Cornwall. 242-283, PL19.
[2]SCO6535 - Unedited Source: GRUEBAR, HA. 1893. BRITISH GOLD COINS. PROC SOC ANTIQ. SERIES 2, VOL 15, 41.
[3]SCO3489 - Bibliographic reference: Hencken, HO. 1932. The Archaeology of Cornwall and Scilly. 113-114, FIG 32.
[4]SCO7406 - Unedited Source: ALLEN, J. 1948. THE CARN BREA HOARD OF 1749. NUMISMATIC CHRONICLE. SERIES 6 VOL 8, 235-236.
[5]SCO3933 - Article in serial: Mercer, R. 1970. The Neolithic Settlement on Carn Brea: Preliminary Report, 1970 (Cornish Archaeology No 9, 1970). CA No 9. VOL 9, 55.
[6]SCO3929 - Article in serial: Mercer, R. 1981. Excavations at Carn Brea, Illogan. CA No 20. 13-14.
[7]SCO2722 - Bibliographic reference: Allen, DF. 1960. Problems of the Iron Age in South Britain. 97.

Associated Finds

  • FCO3379 - COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FCO1261 - COIN HOARD (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)

Associated Events: none recorded

Related records

18163Part of: CARN BREA - Neolithic tor enclosure, Iron Age hillfort (Monument)