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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 114671

Hob Uid: 114671
Location :
Shropshire
Bridgnorth
Grid Ref : SO7154092480
Summary : Ringwork and bailey on Panpudding Hill, possibly built in 1102. Site used during the Civil War as a battery. The motte measures 50 metres in diameter and is partly encircled by a flat topped bank, 0.9 metres high and up to 12 metres wide. The bottom of the ditch which separates it from the bailey to the west is 3.3 metres below the top of the bank and 0.7 metres below the level of the bailey. The triangular bailey, defined by scarp slopes to the north and south, measures 50 metres in length and 30 metres in width adjacent to the motte. There are traces of a bank 0.8 metres high, and a ditch 0.6 metres deep, at the west end. Scheduled.
More information : (SO 7154 9248) Panpudding Hill (NAT) Motte & Bailey (NR) (1)

"The Old Castle", Oldbury, or as it has been called in recent years Panpudding Hill, is a motte and bailey built on a natural rock elevation. The diameter at the top of the mound is 160 feet. It may have been built by Henry I in 1102 during the siege of Bridgnorth Castle (SO 79 SW 6). About 200 yds to the south is a flat-topped
artificial "eminence, which is more or less surrounded by the remains of a low earthen rampart enclosing an area larger than the top of the motte." (2-4)

Panpudding Hill appears to be a ring-motte with bailey. Miss Chitty with whom I discussed it, agrees with this view. The two flanking mounds do not appear to be associated. (5)

Panpudding Hill consists of an earthwork built on a promontory commanding the Severn Valley, with steep slopes to the north, east and south. The summit, which measures 50.0m in diameter, is partially encircled by a flat topped bank, 0.9m high and up to 12.0m wide. The bottom of the ditch which separates it from the bailey to the west is 3.3m below the top of the bank and 0.7m below the level of the bailey. The triangular bailey, defined by scarp slopes to the north and south, measures 50.0m in length and 30.0m in width adjacent to the motte. There are traces of a bank 0.8m high, and a ditch 0.6m deep, at the west end.

The tree-covered hillock 120.0m to the south appears to be merely a landscape feature. A small platform on the other side of a gully 100.0m to the north, measuring 15.0m long across the slope and 5.0m wide, appears to be of no archaeological significance.
Published survey (1:2500) correct. (6)

Additional reference (7)

Motte and bailey - Scheduled (8)

SO 7154 9248 (FCE). Ringwork and bailey on Panpudding Hill. The earthwork is much as described by the above authorities. In addition, ramping discernible on the SW side of the ringwork may be the remnants of an access point. There is no evidence of the `fosse and vallum' described by Watkins-Pitchford (9a). The site was re-used during the Civil War as a battery.

The above description is summarised from a detailed RCHME survey the results of which are held in the NMR archive. (9)

SO 715 924. Panpudding Hill, Oldbury. Scheduled. (10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1968
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Source Number : 2
Source : Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological and Historical Society
Source details : (W Watkins-Pitchford)
Page(s) : 167
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Plates :
Vol(s) : 52 - 1947-8
Source Number : 10
Source : County list of Scheduled Monuments : March 1994
Source details : English Heritage SAM List Salop
Page(s) : 3
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Source : Panpudding Hill
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Source : Panpudding Hill/pencil survey
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Source : Panpudding Hill/ink survey
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Source Number : 3
Source : The Victoria history of Shropshire: volume one
Source details :
Page(s) : 398
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Vol(s) : 1908
Source Number : 4
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : APs (RAF CPE/UK 2480 3383-4 10.3.48)
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 JR 12-JUL-60
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Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 DJC 30-NOV-78
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Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Md Military Architecture in Eng 1 1884 281 (G T Clarke)
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Source Number : 8
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : English Heritage SAMs Salop 1987 3
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Source Number : 9
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Robert Wilson-North/11-NOV-1988/RCHME: OS Revision
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Source Number : 9a
Source : Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological and Historical Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 167
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 52 - 1947-8

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Early Medieval
Monument End Date : 1066
Monument Start Date : 410
Monument Type : Ringwork And Bailey
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Used 1102
Monument End Date : 1102
Monument Start Date : 1102
Monument Type : Siege Castle
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Civil War
Monument End Date : 1648
Monument Start Date : 1642
Monument Type : Battery
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : Salop 42
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SO 79 SW 4
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SO 79 SW 4
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1960-07-12
End Date : 1960-07-12
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SO 79 SW 4
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1978-11-30
End Date : 1978-11-30
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: OS SWEEPS
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1983-01-01
End Date : 1994-12-31