HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Dudley Castle

Hob Uid: 118932
Location :
Dudley
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : SO9470090700
Summary : Excavations between 1983 and 1993 indicate that the castle was begun as a motte and bailey circa 1071-1100. The keep, barbican and curtain walls were added in the 13th and 14th centuries.The castle was slighted in 1647 and rebuilt in the early 17th century and destroyed by fire in 1750. It is now open to the public along with the zoo in the grounds.
More information : (SO 947907) Dudley Castle (NR) (1)

See illustration card for description and air photograph of castle. (2-3)

Dudley Castle is as described in the attached Official Guide. The grounds are occupied by zoological gardens and the castle, which is maintained in good order, is open to the public. Published 1:1250 survey revised. (4)

No change since report of 5 4 74. 1:1250 survey still correct. MSD revised. (5)

Castle Hill, Dudley Castle, SO 9490 NE 1/1 14.9.49.
Limestone faced with reddish sandstone. C14 oblong keep with semi-circular towers at angles. C14 barbican and curtain walls. C16 hall with remains of 8-light transomed mullions. Chapel with undercroft. Remains of minor adjuncts, kitchens etc on opposite side of upper bailey. The castle was visited by Queen Elizabeth I and was inhabited until 1750 when it was destroyed by fire. AM. (6)

Interim report on excavations carried out between 1983-5. Excavation undertaken in 3 areas:

Area 1- The Motte Top. Stone foundations, perhaps of a square keep, pre-dating stone drum tower which was built by John de Somery late in the late 13th century. These earlier foundations probably built by Fulke Paganel in the early 12th century. Foundations of drum tower and defensive passageway exposed. Destruction deposits relating to the slighting of the keep in 1647 also found.

Area 2- The area between the chapel and the Triple gate. Evidence of a timber building dating to the initial construction of the bailey 1071-1100. Stone foundation on the same alignment as main gate, which was destroyed in 1175. The position of this stone foundation suggests that this building was also of a 12th century date. This foundation cut by a larger wall. Although no artefactual evidence was recovered to date this structure, its alignment and substantial build suggest that it is part of the Sharrington rebuild of the 16th century. Civil War destruction deposits were also uncovered.

Area 3. The stables or lodgings. It appears that the 11th century motte ditch ran through this area. A foundation, possibly relating to the entrance passage to the motte (12th century) and part of the 14th century curtain wall exposed under stable wall. Curtain wall demolished during Civil War. Stables probably constructed before 1700. (7)

Summary reports on excavations noted in authy 7. (8,9)

Summary report on excavations carried out in 1986. Excavations concentrated on the motte top within and around the keep (c1300). North of the keep a complex entrance arrangement was excavated, provisionally dated to the 16th century, which had secondary use in the 17th century as an iron working industrial unit. In the NW tower of the keep two garderobe shafts were excavated plus associated drainage features. East of the keep a sequence of medieval cobble tracks, overlaid by clay and rubble dumps were revealed. Excavations were begun on the Great Chamber and Chapel complex in the SE of the bailey. (10)

Note on the restoration of the castle. (11)

Summary report of excavations undertaken during 1984-5. (12)

Anglo-Saxon pewter brooch, possibly of 10th century date found redeposited in late 13th or early 14th century levels associated with the keep. (13)

Summary report on excavations carried out in 1987. Further investigation of the motte revealed drystone revetments and platforms connected with the initial construction. The entrance complex to the N of the keep was examined further. Occupation deposits of material discarded from the motte and kitchen annexe were discovered. Pits and trenches recorded below the dias of the Great hall may relate to the first castle buildings on the site. (14)

Listed by Cathcart King. (15)

Additional reference and photograph. (16)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 1:10 000 1973
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Dudley Castle 1-80 (Official Guide)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 12
Source : West Midlands archaeology
Source details : P Boland
Page(s) : 23-30
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 28, 1985
Source Number : 13
Source : West Midlands archaeology
Source details : P Boland and R Brownsword
Page(s) : 31
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 28, 1985
Source Number : 14
Source : Medieval archaeology : journal of the Society for Medieval Archaeology
Source details : SM Youngs, J Clark, DRM Gaimster and T Barry
Page(s) : 286
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 32, 1988
Source Number : 15
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details :
Page(s) : 450
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 2
Source Number : 16
Source : England's Landscape: The East Midlands
Source details :
Page(s) : 129
Figs. : 6.3
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : AP (JK St Joseph BQ77)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ASP 05-APR-74
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 ASP 23-JAN-76
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest
Source details : DOE(HHR) Dist. of Dudley, W. Midlands, Apr 1976,5
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Boland, P, Cocroft, WD, Reynolds, S, Linnane, SJ and Ratkai, S, 1985. Dudley Castle Archaeological Project; An Introduction and Summary of Excavations 1983-5.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Medieval archaeology : journal of the Society for Medieval Archaeology
Source details : SM Youngs, J Clark and T Barry
Page(s) : 203-5
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 29, 1985
Source Number : 9
Source : Medieval archaeology : journal of the Society for Medieval Archaeology
Source details : SM Youngs, J Clark and T Barry
Page(s) : 172
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 30, 1986
Source Number : 10
Source : Medieval archaeology : journal of the Society for Medieval Archaeology
Source details : SM Youngs, J Clark and T Barry
Page(s) : 166-7
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 31, 1987

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : C10
Monument End Date : 999
Monument Start Date : 900
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence :
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : originally built 1071-1100
Monument End Date : 1100
Monument Start Date : 1071
Monument Type : Motte And Bailey
Evidence : Earthwork, Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Rebuilt in 13th and 14th centuries
Monument End Date : 1399
Monument Start Date : 1200
Monument Type : Keep, Barbican, Curtain Wall, Angle Tower, Domestic Chapel
Evidence : Ruined Building, Documentary Evidence
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : destroyed in 1750
Monument End Date : 1750
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Castle
Evidence : Ruined Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : C16
Monument End Date : 1599
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Great Hall
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : rebuilt early 17th century
Monument End Date : 1632
Monument Start Date : 1600
Monument Type : Castle
Evidence : Building
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : slighted in 1647
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date : 1647
Monument Type : Castle
Evidence : Ruined Building

Components and Objects:
Period : Early Medieval
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : BROOCH
Object Material : Pewter

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : WM 38
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (West Midlands)
External Cross Reference Number : 0926/0927
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 21613
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Listed Building List Entry Legacy Uid
External Cross Reference Number : 217909
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SO 99 SW 3
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SO 99 SW 3
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1974-04-05
End Date : 1974-04-05
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SO 99 SW 3
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1976-01-23
End Date : 1976-01-23
Associated Activities : Primary, DUDLEY CASTLE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1983-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, DUDLEY CASTLE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, DUDLEY CASTLE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1993-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SHARRINGTON RANGE, DUDLEY CASTLE
Activity type : ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1994-01-01
End Date : 1994-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, DUDLEY CASTLE COURTYARD
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1997-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, DUDLEY CASTLE HILL
Activity type : ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
Start Date : 2001-01-01
End Date : 2001-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, DUDLEY CASTLE ZOO
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2003-01-01
End Date : 2003-12-31