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Historic England Research Records

Market Cross

Hob Uid: 18471
Location :
Northumberland
Northumberland
Corbridge
Grid Ref : NY9883064380
Summary : Cross of 1814 on site of market cross, comprising a Roman altar and probable 13th century cross shaft. The possible site of a temple. The altar is now in the Department of Ethnology, Newcastle.
More information : [NY 98836438] Cross [T.I.] (1)

This is a cast iron structure, erected in 1814. It replaced the
market cross which had a large Roman altar as its base and in 1807
the cross was moved to Anderson Place in Newcastle but now stands in
front of the Roman Catholic Cathedral there.

The head of the cross is mutilated, but shows remains of dog-tooth
ornament of the 13th cent. The altar is of fine design, but much
weathered. It was removed at the same time, and after standing for
some years in the garden of Mr. John Walker's house at Eastfield,
was presented to the Newcastle Soc. of Ants, in 1824 and is now
preserved in the Blackgate annexe. [See Illustrations Card.]
(2)

The cross was removed about 15 years ago and now is in the
possession of George Anderson who has erected it in Nun's Field
Newcastle. (3)

The market cross stands on an altar, on which there has
been an inscription, but now defaced. On the sides are human
figures, one with a lyre or harp in his hand may be Bacchus, the
other with an unstrung bow may be Apollo. The figures were half
covered by the steps of the cross. (4)

The shaft and head of the cross are situated in the garden a little
to the south of the nave of the Roman Catholic Cathedral at
Newcastle. Its total height is 2.3 m. and the shaft has dog tooth
ornament badly weathered. The head and arms are mutilated but do no
appear to be original. On one arm is a fragmentary inscription, only
part of which can be deciphered as "...ORE....Sept 2..." The
lettering is early 19th. cent. in type. The present base of the
cross is circular with a socket stone made from what appears to be a
moulded pillar base.

The Roman altar is at present in the Dept. of Ethnology, Kings
College, 11 Sydenham Terrace, Newcastle. Dr. D. Smith of that
Department states that the two figures are of Apollo and Diana and
that the inscription has been read as:-
(A) Pollini Mapono (Calu)Rnivs Trib (Dedi)C(A)Vit (5)

The shaft and head of the cross are situted at NY 98836437.
(6)

Altar listed under 'Temples inferred from finds of other objects'.
Possible site of temple. (7)

Found before 1724. Full details of inscription. (8)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" Prov.Edn.1920-1946
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Northumberland County History
Source details : H.H.E.Craster
Page(s) : 99-100
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Oct-14
Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Hist of Northum II (1825) p.326 (E.Mackenzie)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Britannia Romana (1732) p.246 (Illust CV) (J.Horsley)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 EG 9.3.56
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 RL 15.02.66
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Temples in Roman Britain
Source details :
Page(s) : 125
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1966
Source Number : 8
Source : The Roman inscriptions of Britain, 1. Inscriptions on stone; addenda and corrigenda
Source details : No.1121
Page(s) : 368
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1965

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Altar, Temple
Evidence : Find, Conjectural Evidence
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Erected 1814
Monument End Date : 1814
Monument Start Date : 1814
Monument Type : Market Cross
Evidence : Structure

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : NY 96 SE 8
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON NY 96 SE 8
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1956-03-09
End Date : 1956-03-09
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON NY 96 SE 8
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1966-02-15
End Date : 1966-02-15