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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 52346

Hob Uid: 52346
Location :
North Yorkshire
Richmondshire
Brompton-on-Swale
Grid Ref : SE2250099300
Summary : A late 1st century settlement grew up along Dere Street, (listed as Roman Road 8c). In the second century the site was probably occupied by a fortified bridgehead. A walled settlement developed in the 4th century and was occupied into the 5th century and later. A Grubenhaus with pottery finds indicated Anglian settlement of about 500 AD.
More information : SE 225993. Part of the Roman extra-mural suburb of Cataractonium (SE 29 NW 3) to the north of the River Swale was excavated in 1970 - 5 (see plan). The line of Dere Street (RR8c) was determined, the earliest road surface lying somewhat east of its later course, with traces of contemporary timber buildings. There was no evidence to suggest the road was earlier than circa 80 AD. The existence of a bridge was indicated by a mass of stone and cobble, probably the packing behind a masonry revetment of which no trace was found. A military enclosure circa 200m. by 90m. consisting of four ditches and a cobble based turf rampart appeared to be a bridgehead defence erected between the evacuation (circa 125 AD) and reoccupation (circa 160AD) of the fort on the south side of the river at Cataractonium. After the bridgehead fortifications had been abandoned in the later Antonine period there was little activity on the site, but by the 4th century houses and other buildings were being constructed to flank the main road. Chief among the latter was a small temple, which produced an assortment of late 4th century artifacts, including half of a life size Castor Ware face mask. At SE 226995 a 20m. length of wall surviving more than a metre high, with associated ditch was revealed. Coins and pottery suggested an early 4th century date. Aligned parallel to the wall were two child burials in stone cists and adjacent to these was an area containing a large amount of nails, cremated bone and pottery. Occupation of the site seems to have continued into the fifth century and beyond, as close to the then ruined temple was found an Anglo Saxon grubenhaus, circa 12 by 8ft, surrounded by post holes. Large quantities of Anglo-Saxon domestic pottery, fragments of a large Buckelurn dated about 500 AD, and a fragment of a decorated bone comb were recovered from it. (1-5)

Scheduleed. (6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Archaeological excavations
Source details : (S Breckon)
Page(s) : 67
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1971
Source Number : 2
Source : Archaeological excavations
Source details : (J S Wacher)
Page(s) : 12, 70
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1972
Source Number : 3
Source : Britannia : a journal of Romano-British and kindred studies
Source details :
Page(s) : 278-80
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 4, 1973
Source Number : 3a
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Information from J S Wacher and S Thubron
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : The Yorkshire archaeological journal
Source details :
Page(s) : 3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 47, 1975
Source Number : 4b
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : S Thubron
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5
Source : The Yorkshire archaeological journal
Source details :
Page(s) : 3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 48, 1976
Source Number : 6
Source : Brompton-on-Swale
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : Scheduled Monument Notifcation 06-Oct-2003
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Settlement, Fort, Town Defences, Temple, Bridge, Inhumation, Cremation
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : 500 AD
Monument End Date : 500
Monument Start Date : 500
Monument Type : Grubenhaus, Settlement
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit, Find, Conjectural Evidence

Components and Objects:
Period : Early Medieval
Component Monument Type : Grubenhaus, Settlement
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 34733
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SE 29 NW 19
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 1031405
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 52316
Relationship type : Is referred to by

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, BROMPTON-ON-SWALE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1968-01-01
End Date : 1968-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CADBURY'S FACTORY SITE, CATTERICK
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1968-01-01
End Date : 1968-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BROMPTON-ON-SWALE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1969-01-01
End Date : 1969-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CATTERICK BRIDGE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1970-01-01
End Date : 1975-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, DERE STREET, CATTERICK BRIDGE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1972-01-01
End Date : 1972-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CATTERICK BRIDGE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1983-01-01
End Date : 1983-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, HONEY POT ROAD, CATTERICK
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1983-01-01
End Date : 1983-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CATTERICK BRIDGE
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1983-01-01
End Date : 1983-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, HONEY POT ROAD, CATTERICK
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1983-01-01
End Date : 1983-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BRADSTONE PLANT/FIELD 5238 (CATTERICK A1 PROJECT)
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1994-12-31