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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 205404

Hob Uid: 205404
Location :
Dorset
Stourpaine
Grid Ref : ST8603409250
Summary : Earthwork remains of a moat, a rectangular and circular enclosure; the latter has been interpreted as a cockpit. Earthwork remains of possible building platforms may indicate settlement shrinkage.
More information : (ST 860093) Manor House (NR) (site of) (NAT)
Earthwork (NR) (1)

Adjoining a farmyard close to Stourpaine church is a small square "entrenchment" with sides of about 30 yds, perhaps the site of the manor house, although local tradition alleges it to be an old mill-bay. In the same field further south is a small circular embankment said to be a cockpit. (2)

Manor House. "The site of a large dwelling house, foundations of which are easily found a few inches below the surface; portions of the moat which surround it are still in good formation. The style suggests either 14th or 15th century". (3)

The area centred ST 859093 has many surface irregularities which consist of minor depressions, banks and scarps, and some vague platforms which probably represent building sites in an area of Medieval depopulation. The site of the manor house and moat is a square level platform with no sign of masonry or foundations. It is situated on a slight west-facing slope, so that the moat is deeper on the east than the west. The moat, which has been much damaged, is 7.0m wide by between 1.5m and 3.0m deep, and the upcast from it has been used to form an inner bank about 7.0m wide by up to 1.8m high. Immediately south of the moat is an oval earthwork formed by a bank about 7.0m wide by 0.5m high, with an outer ditch 6.0m wide and 0.3m deep. This, and an enclosure bank to the east (see illust) and a bank and ditch forming the south angle of the area, are all doubtless connected with Medieval occupation. The relative ages of the moat and oval earthwork could not be determined, and there is no evidence that the moat was ever a mill bay as suggested by Hutchins. (4)

Moat and enclosure (ST 860093), lie S. of Stourpaine Church, near the place where the Iwerne joins the Stour. The moat formerly with a wet ditch surrounding a rectangular island, occupies the N. third of the site. The N. side and N. third of the E. side are almost completely filled in and their alignment is only marked by a scarp, 2 1/2 ft. to 3 ft. high, along the edges of the island. The rest of the E. side and all of the S. and W. sides are bounded by a deep wide ditch, now dry. A pond covers the N.W. corner. An external bank about 1 ft. high occurs along the W. side. The interior of the island is flat and has no features apart from a modern spoil heap in the S.E. corner; no entrance or causeway is visible. Adjoining the S. side of the moat are the remains of a rectangular banked enclosure of about 2 acres. It is bounded on the E. by a low spread bank and on the S. by a bank 3 ft. high, with an external ditch. The W. side is no longer traceable on the ground but the 1st edition of the 25-in. O.S. map shows about 50 yds. of bank at the S. end; it probably was destroyed in 1863 when the railway was built. At the N. end of the enclosure, and lying against the S. side of the moat, is an earthwork which Hutchins describes as a 'Cockpit'. It is a roughly circular area with an internal diameter of about 100 ft. bounded by a low bank and an external ditch. There is a gap in the N.W. part of the bank. This earthwork is certainly of later date than the moat. (5)

Listed by Cathcart King as a possible castle. (6)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1969
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Hutchins' History of Dorset 3rd Edn Vol 1 1861 p305
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Source Number : 3
Source : Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Object Name Book reference
Source details : Rev Object Note Book 1900 p20
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NVQ 19-DEC-55
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Source Number : 5
Source : An inventory of historical monuments in the County of Dorset. Volume three : central Dorset [in two parts]
Source details : pt 2
Page(s) : 262
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Source Number : 6
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the islands. Volume I : Anglesey - Montgomery
Source details : Moat
Page(s) : 130
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Source : RCHME: Stourpaine Moat, N-S profile, Dorset
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Source : RCHME: Stourpaine Moat, Dorset
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : Medieval
Monument End Date : 1540
Monument Start Date : 1066
Monument Type : Moat, Rectangular Enclosure, Circular Enclosure, Building Platform, Manor House, Shrunken Village, Cockpit, Castle, Fortified Manor House
Evidence : Earthwork, Conjectural Evidence

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DO 241
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : ST 80 NE 1
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON ST 80 NE 1
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1955-12-19
End Date : 1955-12-19
Associated Activities : Primary, STOURPAINE MANOR HOUSE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1996-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT MANOR FARM, STOURPAINE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT MANOR FARM, STOURPAINE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31