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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 207977

Hob Uid: 207977
Location :
Wiltshire
Wiltshire
Box
Grid Ref : ST8370068200
Summary : Site of a Roman villa discovered in 1710 or 1711 in the vicinity of Hazelbury House. The villa was described as being 184 feet long and featuring a tessellated pavement. In 1972, it was reported that stone and tile fragments could be seen concentrated in a small area, with the site of the villa possibly represented by a rectangular terrace cut into the west-facing slope and possibly connected with slight earthwork banks. Air photographs suggest the presence of a square enclosure and a curvilinear enclosure, partially overlapping. A possible rectangular enclosure is also visible.
More information : "..at Hasilbury Farm, 6 miles from Bath, between Box and
Corsham, was found in 1710 or 1711, a villa 184 feet long having
a Tessellated Pavement." (1)

ST 836681 (?). Supposed villa site at Hazelbury. Shaw Mellor has
found Roman sherds SE of Hazelbury House. (2)

The area is under pasture and there are no indications of a Roman
villa. Shaw-Mellor is now dead.

No further information available at Devizes, where Shaw-Mellor's
collection is lodged. (3)

ST 83606820. Stone and tile fragments are concentrated in a small
area, but the precise site of the villa is suggested by a
rectangular "terrace" cut into the west facing slope and possibly
connected with slight banks. (4)

A rapid examination of air photography (5a) suggests the presence of a partially overlapping square enclosure (sides c.70m at ST 836680) and curvilinear enclosure (ST 835 680). Also visible is a possible rectangular enclosure (ST 837682) showing as a light cropmark, possibly indicating a stone building. The features, all visible as cropmarks, may be related to the villa site. (5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Scarth, HM. 1864. Aquae Solis p.120
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 1a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Musgrave, W. 1719. Antiquitates Britanno-Belgicae 1, map
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : A history of Wiltshire: volume 1, part 1
Source details : Grinsell, LV. Archaeological Gazetteer
Page(s) : 45
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 JP 14-SEP-67
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Council for British Archaeology : Group 12 (Wessex) & Group 13 (South West) : Archaeological review
Source details : Vyner, BE
Page(s) : 43
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 7, 1972
Source Number : 5
Source : RCHME/EH/HE Aerial Photographers comment
Source details : Andrew Miller/19-MAY-1993/RCHME: AP Primary Recording Project
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5a
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : NMR, ST 8368/1-3
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : A gazetteer of Roman villas in Britain
Source details : Site number WZ 30
Page(s) : 198
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : no.1

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Villa, Square Enclosure, Tessellated Floor, Curvilinear Enclosure, Rectangular Enclosure, Artefact Scatter
Evidence : Documentary Evidence, Earthwork, Cropmark, Find
Monument Period Name : Uncertain
Display Date :
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Square Enclosure, Rectangular Enclosure, Curvilinear Enclosure
Evidence : Cropmark

Components and Objects:
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Villa, Square Enclosure, Tessellated Floor, Curvilinear Enclosure, Rectangular Enclosure, Artefact Scatter
Object Type : TILE
Object Material :

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : ST 86 NW 10
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON ST 86 NW 10
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1967-09-14
End Date : 1967-09-14
Associated Activities : RCHME: AIR PHOTOGRAPH PRIMARY RECORDING PROJECT 1992-1996
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1992-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31