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Historic England Research Records

Tinhead Barrow

Hob Uid: 211877
Location :
Wiltshire
Edington
Grid Ref : ST9389052390
Summary : Long barrow, excavations by Thurman revealed it to have been previously disturbed. Human remains and Windmill Hill Pottery located
More information : (ST 93895239) Long Barrow (GT). (1)

A long barrow at Tinhead, 210 feet long, 70 feet wide and 12
feet high, orientated ENE/WSW. It is on arable land and the
side ditches were just visible in 1936. Excavated by J Thurnam
in 1864, who stated that it had been rifled before but he found
traces of human remains at the east end with sherds of coarse
black pottery nearby, probably Windmill Hill ware. The sherds
are in the British Museum: Acc No 1873. 12-19, 194. Planted
with trees. It is named 'Long Barrow' on the Tithe Map. (2-4)

The barrow is about 63 metres long and has a maximum height at
either end of 3.0 metres. Both sides, which were originally
parallel, are extensively mutilated where large scoops of earth
have been removed. Surveyed at 1:2500. (5)

Upon the summit of Tinhead Hill, a much mutilated, tree planted,
long barrow as described above, its side ditches are no longer
apparent.

No change to field report of 21.10.68. 1:2500 AM survey still
correct; transfered to PFD. (6)

Originally recorded as Edington 7 by Goddard (7) with a description of the barrow given by Cunnington (8).

Tinhead Barrow (ST41) with Kinnes Type A ditches. The pottery recovered is of a plain bowl. (9)

The mound is now almost rectangular with rounded ends, havind been greatly affected by ploughing, but was likely to have originally been trapezoidal. It measures 62m long and 17m at its widest, though a slightly offset shallow mound, 1m high, at the E end suggests that it was once 15m longer and has been curtailed by ploughing, and reaching a length of 77m and width of 29m.

Of the flanking ditches the N has been ploughed out and only a trace survives. The S example though is 62m long, 14m wide and 0.6m deep. Both are separated from the mound by a berm 2m wide. Surveyed at 1:500 by RCHME field staff as part of the SPTA Project. Further details can be found within the project archive. (10)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1961
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : VCH Wilts 1 1957 140 (L V Grinsell)
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Source : Tinhead Long Barrow and Bratton Long Barrow/pencil survey
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Arch 42 1869 180 194-5 (J Thurnam)
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Tithe Map Edington 1842
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ANK 21-OCT-68
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Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 ASP 22-APR-77
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Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : WAM 38, 1913-14, 250 (E.H Goddard)
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Source Number : 8
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : WAM 38, 1913-14 390 (M.E Cunnington)
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Source Number : 9
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Brit. Museum Occ. Paper No. 52; Non Megalithic Long Barrows and Allied Structures in the British Neolithic. 1992, 26 (I. Kinnes)
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Source Number : 10
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : D Field, G. Brown/26-1-95/RCHME:SPTA Project
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Neolithic
Display Date : Neolithic
Monument End Date : -2200
Monument Start Date : -4000
Monument Type : Long Barrow, Human Remains
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Period : Neolithic
Component Monument Type : Long Barrow, Human Remains
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : ST95SW102
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 102
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : WI 36
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : ST 95 SW 13
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, WEST OF TOTTENHAM WOOD
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date :
End Date :
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: SALISBURY PLAIN TRAINING AREA
Activity type : FIELD SURVEY
Start Date :
End Date :
Associated Activities : Primary, WEST OF TOTTENHAM WOOD
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1864-01-01
End Date : 1864-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON ST 95 SW 13
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1968-10-21
End Date : 1968-10-21
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON ST 95 SW 13
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1977-04-22
End Date : 1977-04-22