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Historic England Research Records

Devils Ditch

Hob Uid: 223739
Location :
Hampshire
Test Valley
Wiltshire
Figheldean, Milston, Shipton Bellinger, Tidworth, Cholderton
Grid Ref : SU2170047250
Summary : Four sections of the Devil's Ditch boundary earthwork and two associated barrows. The earthwork is of a Late Bronze Age or Iron Age boundary earthwork whose survival varies greatly along its length.
More information : [SU 20934855 - SU 21714725] Devil's Ditch [O.E.] [Twice] [SU
21714725 - SU 23234355] Devil's Ditch [O.E.] (Course of) [Three
times]. (1)

Additional courses: SU 22404850 to SU 22254819 (SU 24 NW 146)
and SU 21774877 to SU 22414893 (SU 24 NW 145) [at which
latter point the two earthworks intersect and pass into
the county of Wiltshire.] (2)

A bivallate linear earthwork of LBA ranch boundary type (see SU
24 SE 13) extending for some 7700.0m. from Tidworth Barracks
southwards to the River Bourne near Cholderton. The county
boundary between Wiltshire and Hampshire follows it all the way
except for a short stretch near Tidworth.

Published 1/2500 revised. (3)

The Devil's Ditch was investigated as part of the Wessex Linear
Ditches project where it formed the eastern boundary of the Northern
and Southern Core Territories. Excavations took place at SU 21104831
(LDP 052), SU 21564491 (LDP 090) and SU 21724599 (LPD 094). The ditch
at LDP 052 and LPD 090 was found to be V-shaped c. 3.7m - 4.9m wide,
and up to 1.75m deep terminating in a steep-sided basal slot. The
ditch was originally flat-bottomed but had been remodelled and the
original silts cleaned out. A cattle skull recovered from secondary
ditch deposits was used to provide a Radio-carbon determination
(OxA-3046). This was used to date events which were noted elsewhere
in the ditch complex (SU 25 SW 166), a discrete cultural horizon
which appears to be connected with the re-use of the ditch system
during the Middle Iron Age.

These excavations also recovered Roman Pottery from the top of the
ditch. Roman and Late Bronze Age pottery was also recovered by field
walking along the southern section of the ditch. (4)

The Devil's Ditch was investigated by RCHME field staff as part of Salisbury Plain Training Area Project. Further details can be found within the project archive.

The linear earthwork bounds the Tidworth golf course on the SW for its entire length, skirting and partially destroying two round barrows as it does so. Where it crosses Dunch Hill it is 5m wide and 1m deep with a corresponding bank on its N side, except where it descends the slope of Dunch Hill. A second linear ditch, c5m wide and 1m deep, with a corresponding bank on its N side, abuts and may even cut into the `Devils Ditch'. This runs to the NE for a distance of 100m following the line of the earlier fields. On reaching the summit of the hill it turns ENE and is clearly aligned on a group of round barrows some 350m W of the golf course perimeter. Surveyed at 1:2500. (5)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : OS. 25" 1939
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club 14 1938-40 p141
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Source : Tidworth Golf Course field system/survey
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Source : SU 24 NW 11, 19 and 31 (1967)
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Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ASP 25-JAN-67
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Source Number : 4
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : English Heritage Archaeology Report 2 1994: Prehistoric Land Divisions on Salisbury Plain. 53ff (R. Bradley, R. Entwistle. F. Raymond)
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Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : D Field/2-2-95/RCHME:SPTA Project
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Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : English Heritage Schedule Entry 03/01/1997
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Source : SU 24 NW 11 (Devil's Ditch) (SU 2344) (1967)
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Source : SU 24 NW 11 (Devil's Ditch, SU 2145) (1967)
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Source : SU 24 NW 11 (Devil's Ditch, SU 2244) (1967)
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Source : Tidworth Golf Course field system/ink survey
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Late Bronze Age
Display Date : LATE BRONZE AGE
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Boundary Bank, Boundary Ditch, Linear Earthwork, Bowl Barrow
Evidence : Earthwork, Find
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : IRON AGE
Monument End Date :
Monument Start Date :
Monument Type : Linear Earthwork, Boundary Ditch, Boundary Bank
Evidence : Earthwork, Find
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Find

Components and Objects:
Period : Late Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Boundary Bank, Boundary Ditch, Linear Earthwork, Bowl Barrow
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery
Period : Iron Age
Component Monument Type : Linear Earthwork, Boundary Ditch, Boundary Bank
Object Type : ANIMAL REMAINS
Object Material :
Period : Roman
Component Monument Type : Findspot
Object Type : VESSEL
Object Material : Pottery

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SU24NW650
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : HA 270
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 10202
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 24 NW 11
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 223893
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 224546
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 224485
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 925977
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 925980
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 926007
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 926008
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 929246
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 929256
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 929285
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 929300
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 909514
Relationship type : General association

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: SALISBURY PLAIN TRAINING AREA
Activity type : FIELD SURVEY
Start Date :
End Date :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 24 NW 11
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1967-01-25
End Date : 1967-01-25