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Historic England Research Records

Cox Green

Hob Uid: 247961
Location :
Windsor and Maidenhead
Cox Green
Grid Ref : SU8687079790
Summary : Roman villa excavated in 1959, with further work in the area in 1969-72. Four phases of occupation were recognised, beginning with a rectangular timber building of possible Antonine date, developing into a winged corridor villa with bath suite, the complex situated within a ditched enclosure. Quantities of slag suggest iron working was undertaken also. Two buildings associated with the villa complex, situated within possible remains of the ditched enclosure, are visible as cropmarks and have been mapped from aerial photographs.
More information : [Area SU 8690 7985 (3) or SU 866 797 (4)] A large L-shaped
Roman Villa of C3rd/C4th date with traces of earlier occupation.
`One wing showed a bipartite residential villa plan of three phases,
the other, a baths wing of four constructional phases'. A small square outbuilding was also discovered, and the N.E. and S.W. sides of a boundary ditch. Excavated by Mrs. C. Bennett in 1959. (1-4)

Sited to SU 86877979 from APs in Reading Museum. The majority of finds are still being evaluated by the excavator, Mrs. Bennett, but a small selection are at the Windsor Guildhall Museum. (5)

The site is now occupied by a housing estate. (6)

[SU 8687 7979][Sited from plan] The Roman villa at Cox Green,
Maidenhead, doscovered by Dr. St. Joseph in one of his air-surveys,
was excavated in 1959 by Mrs. C. M. Bennett. The excavations revealed
four periods of construction - see plans Figs. 2 and 3 for details.
Period I: A simple rectangular buiding of suggested early Antonine
date, but dating evidence was rather scanty.
Period II: A bipartite winged corridor villa of late Antonine date.
Period III: Three rooms added and the bath-wing elaborated. Very
tentatively dated to the C3rd.
Period IV: The bath wing simplified posterior to c.354-58 AD. The
villa was surrounded on three sides by a saucer-shaped ditch, 2'6"
deep. A pebbled floor, which showed slight traces of a burnt timber
building [no date given] lay at the south-western end of the
south-east side of the ditch. Quantities of slag indicate
iron-working somewhere in the neighbourhood of the villa. (7)

A Roman ditch and wall with several sherds of Roman pottery were found in Northumbria Road. `It seems likely that they represent occupation associated with the Roman Villa'. (8)

Additional bibliography. (9-13)

Two buildings associated with the villa complex, situated within
possible remains of a ditched enclosure (probably the enclosure
trenched in 1959), are visible as cropmarks and have been mapped from
aerial photographs. The buildings seem to be the main villa building
centred at SU 8687 7989 and a possible small outbuilding, possibly
that referred to by authority 1, centred at SU 8686 7982. The
ditched enclosure is only partially visible to the north and south of
the buildings and this measures 110m across.
(Morph No.s TG.509.1.1-3)

This description is based on data from the RCHME MORPH2 database. (15)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : The Berkshire archaeological journal
Source details :
Page(s) : 66
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 58, 1960
Source Number : 2
Source : The archaeological news letter
Source details :
Page(s) : 285
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 6(12), 1960
Source Number : 7
Source : The Berkshire archaeological journal
Source details :
Page(s) : 62-91
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 60, 1962
Source Number : 8
Source : The Berkshire archaeological journal
Source details :
Page(s) : 103
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 71, 1981-2
Source Number : 9
Source : The journal of Roman studies
Source details :
Page(s) : 233
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 50, 1960
Source Number : 10
Source : Historical metallurgy : the journal of the Historical Metallurgy Society
Source details :
Page(s) : 77
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 11(2), 1977
Source Number : 11
Source : Studies in the Romano-British villa
Source details :
Page(s) : 119FF
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 12
Source : Britannia : a journal of Romano-British and kindred studies
Source details :
Page(s) : 136
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 10, 1979
Source Number : 13
Source : Berkshire Joint Committee for Archaeology newsletter
Source details :
Page(s) : 4
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 2, 1971
Source Number : 14
Source : A gazetteer of Roman villas in Britain
Source details : Site number BK 30
Page(s) : 23
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : no.1
Source Number : 15
Source : RCHME/EH/HE Aerial Photographers comment
Source details : Moraig Brown/30-NOV-1993/RCHME: Thames Valley NMP
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2a
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : APs (J.K. St. Joseph)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : Rec 6" (C.W. Phillips).
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : The Berkshire archaeological journal
Source details :
Page(s) : 24
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 59, 1961
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 EGG 19-FEB-63
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5b
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : AP (St.Joseph VP 17)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5c
Source : Aerial photograph
Source details : AP (Fairey, 1958)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 5d
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : F.M.Underhill, Hon.Corr., 32, Eaton Rd. Datchet
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 NVQ 16-JAN-63
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Villa, Building, Enclosure, Bath House, Iron Working Site
Evidence : Cropmark, Sub Surface Deposit, Find

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : MORPH2
External Cross Reference Number : TG.509.1
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Berkshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 403
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Berkshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 458
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 87 NE 10
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, COX GREEN
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1959-01-01
End Date : 1959-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 87 NE 10
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1963-01-16
End Date : 1963-01-16
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 87 NE 10
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1963-02-19
End Date : 1963-02-19
Associated Activities : Primary, COX GREEN/NORTHUMBERLAND ROAD
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1969-01-01
End Date : 1972-12-31