HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Historic England research records Result
Historic England research recordsPrintable version | About Historic England research records

Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 251990

Hob Uid: 251990
Location :
Buckinghamshire
Chiltern
Chenies
Grid Ref : SU9977098520
Summary : Excavation of this Roman villa uncovered a timber built phase dating from late 1st to the early 2nd century AD and a stone built villa dating from c.AD 150-60 which was abandoned in the late 3rd century AD; it appears to have been of the corridor type. In the 4th century AD what are described as cruck buildings were erected on the site.
More information : [SU 99769853] Roman Villa (Remains of) [G.S.] (1)

Roman villa partly underlying Dell Farm and the road to Chesham ... found in 1834, partly excavated in 1863-4, and again more carefully in 1909. It was plainly a fairly large house, probably of the courtyard type; the central part, now excavated ... contained a corridor in two divisions, with some six or seven rooms on the SE; traces of an east wing have been noted, and a west wing probably lay under and beyond the road. The floors had both patterned and plain tesselated pavements and some of the walls were decorated with coloured fresco. Many small objects were found, but only four 3rd and 4th century coins. (2)

Plan of the villa supplied by Messrs W. Calcott Stokes and A.M. Williams, the excavators of 1909. (3)

Report of the 1863-4 excavations and circumstances of the 1834 discovery of the site.
The finds included a few pieces of Caistor and Samian Ware; one of the coins was a British imitation of a Tetricus.
The original discovery in 1834 was accompanied by the unearthing (a few yards to the NW of the villa site where it is cut through by the road) of four human skeletons with earthen urns or vessels and coins deposited by the skulls. The urns were broken and the pieces lost. (4)

Visited early 1950. Completely overgrown; no signs of footings. (5)

Full report with reference to auth. 4. (6)

Bucks County Museum, Aylesbury.
Aquisitions 1945-6 include "Material from Roman villa at Latimer, tiles, tesserae, coins, tweezers etc. - presented by Lord Chesham." (7)

These aquisitions are on exhibition at the County Museum, Aylesbury. (8)

BU 21 Listed as the site of a Roman villa. (9)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : 6" 1926
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : An inventory of the historical monuments in Buckinghamshire, volume one [south]
Source details :
Page(s) : 88
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9b
Source : Records of Buckinghamshire : journal of the Architectural and Archaeological Society for the County of Buckinghamshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 340-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 19, 1973
Source Number :
Source : RCHME: Chenies Roman Villa, Buckinghamshire
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 3
Source : An inventory of the historical monuments in Buckinghamshire, volume two [north]
Source details :
Page(s) : 9, 10
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 4
Source : Records of Buckinghamshire : journal of the Architectural and Archaeological Society for the County of Buckinghamshire
Source details : (Rev. Bryant Burgess)
Page(s) : 181-5
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 3, 1870
Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 GWR 22-NOV-57
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : The Victoria history of the county of Buckingham, volume 2
Source details :
Page(s) : 8, 9
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Records of Buckinghamshire : journal of the Architectural and Archaeological Society for the County of Buckinghamshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 368
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 14, 1941-6
Source Number : 8
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 CFW 25-NOV-59
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : A gazetteer of Roman villas in Britain
Source details : BU 21
Page(s) : 26
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : no.1
Source Number : 9a
Source : Latimer [Buckinghamshire] : Belgic, Roman, Dark Age and early modern farm
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 299
Monument Start Date : 150
Monument Type : Villa
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 399
Monument Start Date : 300
Monument Type : Building
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date :
Monument End Date : 99
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Building
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Buckinghamshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 400
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 99 NE 14
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : LATIMER ROMAN VILLA,DELL FARM
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1863-01-01
End Date : 1864-12-31
Associated Activities : LATIMER ROMAN VILLA,DELL FARM
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1909-01-01
End Date : 1910-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 99 NE 14
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1957-11-22
End Date : 1957-11-22
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SU 99 NE 14
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1959-11-25
End Date : 1959-11-25
Associated Activities : LATIMER ROMAN VILLA,DELL FARM
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1964-01-01
End Date : 1970-12-31