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Historic England Research Records

Monument Number 320283

Hob Uid: 320283
Location :
Nottinghamshire
Newark and Sherwood
Oxton
Grid Ref : SK6340053100
Summary : Iron Age multivallate hillfort, consisting of a sub-oval earthwork mainly of double bank and ditch with a causewayed entrance in the north and an elaborate "funnel" entrance in the south-east
More information : SK 634532 Camp (NR). (1)

Iron Age multivallate hillfort. (2)

A sub-oval earthwork, mainly of double bank and ditch, with a
south/north staggered entrance, and lying 200-300 yds below the
top of a ridge known as Old Ox. (3)

A multi-vallate IA `settlement' situated circa 105m above sea
level on a site that has obviously been selected for the double
benefits of seculsion, and shelter from the prevailing northeast
wind. The refuge is concealed (and overlooked) on all sides
except the south-east where there is an open aspect and, as might
be expected, the strongest defences have been erected; but even
to the southeast the soft contouring of the general terrain
provides a certain amount of privacy and security.

The general defences consist of a rampart with accompanying
ditch; however to the southeast this has been strengthened to a
double rampart and ditches above a strong natural slope. There is
a simple causewayed entrance in the north rampart and an
elaborate `funnel' entrance in the southeast; south of this
entrance is a spring-fed pond which is probably contemporary with
the original work and as such would provide an adequate water
supply. Internally there are traces of rig and furrow - now under
permanent pasture; there is no surface evidence of early
occupation.

The engineering, plan, and topographical situation are all
typically IA. Originally the site almost certainly consisted of a
simple defended homestead enclosure or farm settlement in `A'
tradition; the stronger defences and funnel entrance being a
later (perhaps `B') modification and elaboration. At this period
also it appears probable that the ditch to the north and west was
strengthened which would account for the counterscarp bank which
is here very pronounced but is mainly absent elsewhere.

It has not been possible to authenticate the name `Old Ox'; but
it is doubtless a Middle Age abbreviation for Old Oxton (stemming
from the village to the south). Resurveyed at 1:2500. (4)

SK 633 532. Oldox [sic]. Listed in gazetteer as a multivallate hillfort covering 0.2ha. (5)

Additional reference [not consulted]. (6)

SK 634 532. Oldox camp. Scheduled no. NT/97. (7)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1955
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Source Number : 2
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Map of S Britain in the Iron Age 1962
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Source Number : 3
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Trans Thor Soc 67 1963 15-17 plan (B B Simmons)
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Source Number : 4
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 FDC 26-FEB-75
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Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : BAR 62 British Hill-Forts: An Index 1979 156 (AHA Hogg)
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Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : VCH Nottinghamshire 1 1906 298
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Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : English Heritage, SAM List, Nottinghamshire, March 1994, p 11
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Iron Age
Display Date : Iron Age
Monument End Date : 43
Monument Start Date : -800
Monument Type : Multivallate Hillfort
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : NT 97
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SK 65 SW 7
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SK 65 SW 7
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1975-02-26
End Date : 1975-02-26