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Historic England Research Records

Lincoln Roman Town Walls

Hob Uid: 326541
Location :
Lincolnshire
Lincoln
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : SK9753471644
Summary : The line of the Roman walls formed the core for the Medieval city defences; the upper Roman town became the outer bailey for the castle, `The Bail'. The Roman walls were first built in the late 1st century around the Colonia, the walls around the upper town replacing the earth and timber defences of the preceding legionary fortress. Several fragments of the wall remain, including parts of the north, east, and south gates of the upper town, while the west gate was exposed in the castle mound in 1836, but collapsed and was reburied. The south gate of the lower town has also been found by excavation. Throughout the Middle Ages the Roman defences continued in use, the ditch being redug, several Roman gates being reutilised and repaired.
More information : [SK 97757212] Roman Wall [GS] (Remains of) (3 times)
[SK 97857199]
[SK 97817165]

[SK 97767213] Roman Moat [GS] (twice)
[SK 97827157] (1)

The Roman walls fixed the lines and provided the core of the walls of Mediaeval Lincoln. The upper colonia became the outer bailey of the castle, the "Bail". By 1275 the west wall had been extended down the east side of Lucy Tower Street to the round tower on Brayford Bank. A corresponding wall on the east ended in a tower on the river bank.
Published surveys (25" 1932) revised and annotated. See G.Ps. AO/63/13/1-2, AO/63/15/1. (2-9)

For a self guided tour of the Roman walls, see the City of Lincoln website. (10)


Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : O.S. 25" 1932
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : The Archaeological Journal
Source details : (I.A. Richmond)
Page(s) : 25-Jun
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 103 - 1946
Source Number : 3
Source : The journal of Roman studies
Source details :
Page(s) : 109-11
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 49 - 1959
Source Number : 4
Source : The Archaeological Journal
Source details : (D.F. Petch)
Page(s) : 40-70
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 117 - 1962
Source Number : 5
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : A.M. England and Wales 1961 p64 (M.O.W.)
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Hill J W F 1948 Medieval Lincoln pp8-9, 82, 157-8, 160 plan 5
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 7
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 FRH 25-APR-63
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : Lincolnshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 441-3
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Lincolnshire Archaeological Trust Monograph VII-1. The Defences of the Upper Enclosure
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 10
Source : World Wide Web page
Source details : City of Lincoln Council 2009. 'Things to do in Lincoln: Roman Tour' <> [accessed 08-DEC-2009]
Page(s) :
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Roman
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 43
Monument Type : Town Defences, Town Wall
Evidence : Structure, Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SK 97 SE 26
External Cross Reference Notes :

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Associated Monuments : 1407001
Relationship type :
Associated Monuments : 1407012
Relationship type :

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End Date : 1890-12-31
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End Date : 1906-12-31
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Start Date : 1937-01-01
End Date : 1937-12-31
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End Date : 1950-12-31
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End Date : 1973-12-31
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Start Date : 1973-01-01
End Date : 1973-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, WESTGATE SCHOOL
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Start Date : 1973-01-01
End Date : 1973-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CECIL STREET
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End Date : 1976-12-31
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