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Historic England Research Records

Camulodunum

Hob Uid: 383744
Location :
Essex
Colchester
Non Civil Parish
Grid Ref : TL9970025340
Summary : The Roman walled town of Colchester. Prior to the foundation of the legionary fortress the site of the Iron Age settlement was three miles south-west of the current city at Gosbecks. The legionary fortress located under the western half of the current town was built for the twentieth legion following the conquest in AD 43. Soon after this the Legion was removed and the settlement became a colony for retired veterans (Colonia Victricensis, meaning 'City of Victory'). As the Colonia expanded the defences appear to have been levelled and attention was diverted towards the construction of public buildings, including the temple of Claudius. The Colony had no defences and was left vulnerable to attack in AD 60/61 when it was burned to the ground by the local native tribes led by Boudicca.By the second century several grand town houses were built reflecting the emergence of wealthy inhabitants. These were well-appointed with mosaics, painted walls, tiled roofs, water supplies, and drainage systems.At some point between AD 150 and AD 200, the defences were again strengthened with the addition of an earthen rampart behind the wall; and around AD 275 the town ditch was widened. These changes were contemporary with a decline of the suburbs. Many areas within the walls became cultivation plots and an agricultural focus seems to have developed, in particular an aisled barn dating to circa 275-325 was excavated at Culver Street. A Christian community was established during the fourth-century, and a church was situated at Butt Road. There is however, little evidence for very late occupation in Colchester after the end of Roman rule, and it is likely that although it continued to be an administrative centre and refuge in times of unrest, the majority of the population were rural and engaged in agricultural activities outside the walls.
More information : (TL 997253) The Colonia Victresensis of Camulodunum was established on the hill to the east of the earlier settlement (TL 92 NE 5) in 49 AD. It was laid out on a formal street plan (qv) and after sacking by Boudicca in 61 AD, was rebuilt on the same plan. At this time a monumental arch was built to mark the western limits of the original Colonia. When the walls were built mid 2nd century, they were taken up to the arch which was then redeveloped as the Balkerne Gate. (TL 92 NE 41). More than five thousand coins including hoards have been found in and around Colchester. (1-3)

General accounts of the Roman fortress, town visible remains, excavations and finds. (4-6)

The walled town of Colchester is situated on a spur of land overlooking the River Colne. Prior to the foundation of the legionary fortress the site of the current town appears to have been unoccupied, the Iron Age settlement was three miles south-west of the current city at Gosbecks. There an Iron Age farmstead covered approximately 10 miles, and was surrounded by rivers on two sides, with a complicated system of dykes on its open western end. The Romans placed their settlement at Colchester to take advantage of the commanding view and access to the Colne waterway.

The legionary fortress located under the western half of the current town was built for the twentieth legion following the conquest in AD 43. Soon after this the Legion was removed and the settlement became a colony for retired veterans (Colonia Victricensis, meaning 'City of Victory'). As the Colonia expanded the defences appear to have been levelled and attention was diverted towards the construction of public buildings, including the temple of Claudius in an annexe built to the east of the original fortress. The Colony had no defences and was left vulnerable to attack in AD 60/61 when it was burned to the ground by the local native tribes (the Iceni and Trinovantes), led by Boudicca. This event appears to have led to the construction of the town wall making it the first of its kind in Britain. The wall appears to have been built over a number of years between AD 65 and AD 80.

By the second century several grand town houses were built reflecting the emergence of wealthy inhabitants. These were well-appointed with mosaics, painted walls, tiled roofs, water supplies, and drainage systems.


The town wall originally formed a circuit of some 1.45 miles, being 2,800m long and 2.4m thick. It incorporated six gates and between 12 and 24 towers, with a V shaped ditch dug along the foot of the wall to improve its defensive capabilities. The town's main entrance from the west had been a triumphal arch built to celebrate the Claudian conquest of Britain, this was incorporated into the walls with the addition of a footway and a bastion on both sides to form what is now known as the Balkerne Gate. The gate was later blocked up, possibly because it was considered a defensive weak spot. At some point between AD 150 and AD 200, the defences were again strengthened with the addition of an earthen rampart behind the wall; and around AD 275 the town ditch was widened from a V-shape to a U-shape. These changes were contemporary with a decline of the suburbs, with houses being demolished and many areas becoming dumps or for quarrying activity, or simply reverting to open land. Many areas within the walls became cultivation plots and an agricultural focus seems to have developed, in particular an aisled barn dating to circa 275-325 at Culver Street. This coincides with the building of the Saxon Shore forts, one of which (Othona) would have provided protection for the town. A Christian community was established during the fourth-century, and a church was situated at Butt Road. There is however, little evidence for very late occupation in Colchester after the end of Roman rule, and it is likely that although it continued to be an administrative centre and refuge in times of unrest, the majority of the population were rural and engaged in agricultural activities outside the walls. (7)

Additional references. (8-27)


Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Hull M R. 1958. Roman Colchester XXV pp275-8
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 2
Source : Britannia : a journal of Romano-British and kindred studies
Source details :
Page(s) : 263
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Jun-75
Source Number : 11
Source : Colchester archaeological reports
Source details : 'Roman pottery from excavations in Colchester, 1971-86', by R P Symonds and S Wade. 1999.
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 12
Source : Later Roman Colchester
Source details :
Page(s) : 93-120
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 13
Source Number : 13
Source : Excavations of Roman and later cemeteries, churches and monastic sites in Colchester, 1971-88
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 9
Source Number : 14
Source : Excavations at Osborne Street, Colchester
Source details :
Page(s) : 45-59
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 25
Source Number : 15
Source : Excavations at Lion Walk, Balkerne Lane, and Middleborough, Colchester, Essex
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 3
Source Number : 16
Source : Excavations at Culver Street, the Gilberd School, and other sites in Colchester 1971-85
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 6
Source Number : 17
Source : Excavations at Crouched Friars, Colchester [Roman road alignment]
Source details :
Page(s) : 27-40
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 28
Source Number : 18
Source : Excavation at 147 Lexden Road, Colchester [mid-1st century material]
Source details :
Page(s) : 145-9
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 16
Source Number : 19
Source : The end of the road for Britain's first street? [Culver Street, Colchester, via principalis of fortress, etc]
Source details :
Page(s) : 03-Aug
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 21
Source Number : 20
Source : Crop marks at Gosbecks, Colchester
Source details :
Page(s) : 77-82
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 4
Source Number : 3
Source : Colchester Archaeological Group annual bulletin
Source details :
Page(s) : 13
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 16 - 1973
Source Number : 21
Source : The Colchester area. Proceedings of the 138th Summer Meeting of the Royal Archaeological Institute, 1992
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 149 SUPPL
Source Number : 22
Source : Colchester
Source details :
Page(s) : 238-44
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 9
Source Number : 23
Source : The coins from excavations in Colchester 1971-9
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 4
Source Number : 24
Source : Britain's oldest town: the origins of Roman Colchester
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 1428
Source Number : 25
Source : Boudicca, the first Colchester potters' shop, and the dating of Neronian samian
Source details :
Page(s) : 93-123
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 18
Source Number : 26
Source : Bone-working at Colchester
Source details :
Page(s) : 277-85
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 12
Source Number : 27
Source : Animal bones from excavations in Colchester, 1971-85
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 12
Source Number : 4
Source : Britannia : a journal of Romano-British and kindred studies
Source details : (P Crummy)
Page(s) : 65-104
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : Aug-77
Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Clarke D T D. and Davies C M R 1980 Roman Colchester plans etc
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 6
Source : Archaeology in Essex to AD 1500 : in memory of Ken Newton
Source details :
Page(s) : 76-81
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 34
Source Number : 7
Source : City of victory : the story of Colchester - Britain's first Roman town
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 8
Source : A victory celebration: papers on the archaeology of Colchester and Late Iron Age - Roman Britain
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) :
Source Number : 9
Source : Two recently-discovered Roman buildings in Colchester
Source details :
Page(s) : 25-38
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 23
Source Number : 10
Source : The Roman small finds from excavations in Colchester 1971-9
Source details :
Page(s) :
Figs. :
Plates :
Vol(s) : 2

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Defences strengthened
Monument End Date : 275
Monument Start Date : 150
Monument Type : Town, Town Wall, Rampart, Town Ditch
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Agricultural focus
Monument End Date : 410
Monument Start Date : 275
Monument Type : Town, Barn, Church
Evidence :
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Fortress from 44 AD
Monument End Date : 49
Monument Start Date : 44
Monument Type : Legionary Fortress
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Colonia
Monument End Date : 60
Monument Start Date : 45
Monument Type : Colonia, Insula, Temple
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Destroyed in Boudiccan revolt
Monument End Date : 61
Monument Start Date : 60
Monument Type : Colonia
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Roman
Display Date : Town rebuilt
Monument End Date : 100
Monument Start Date : 62
Monument Type : Town, Town Wall
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit
Monument Period Name : Early Medieval
Display Date : Early Medieval
Monument End Date : 1066
Monument Start Date : 410
Monument Type : Findspot
Evidence : Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Essex)
External Cross Reference Number : 13318
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Essex)
External Cross Reference Number : 13304
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Essex)
External Cross Reference Number : 1,331,113,336
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Essex)
External Cross Reference Number : 13250
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Essex)
External Cross Reference Number : 12545
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Essex)
External Cross Reference Number : 13330
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Essex)
External Cross Reference Number : 13324
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Essex)
External Cross Reference Number : 13321
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : TL 92 NE 2
External Cross Reference Notes :

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Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, COLCHESTER CASTLE GROUNDS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1845-01-01
End Date : 1846-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, HOLLYTREES MEADOW
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1852-01-01
End Date : 1852-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, NORTH-EAST GATE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1852-01-01
End Date : 1852-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, TECHNICAL COLLEGE, NORTH HILL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1865-01-01
End Date : 1865-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, HEAD STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1881-01-01
End Date : 1881-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, COLCHESTER CASTLE GROUNDS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1892-01-01
End Date : 1892-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 18 NORTH HILL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1906-01-01
End Date : 1906-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, COLCHESTER CASTLE PARK
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1907-01-01
End Date : 1907-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BOWLER'S BREWERY, NORTH HILL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1914-01-01
End Date : 1914-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, COLCHESTER CASTLE PARK
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1920-01-01
End Date : 1920-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 9 NORTH HILL
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Start Date : 1920-01-01
End Date : 1920-12-31
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Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1921-01-01
End Date : 1921-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, NORTH HILL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1922-01-01
End Date : 1922-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 18 NORTH HILL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1922-01-01
End Date : 1922-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ST MARY'S COTTAGE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
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End Date : 1922-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 44 NORTH HILL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1923-01-01
End Date : 1923-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BASTION NO. 1
Activity type : EXCAVATION
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End Date : 1923-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BASTION NO. 2
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Associated Activities : Primary, 17-18 NORTH HILL
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End Date : 1925-12-31
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Start Date : 1927-01-01
End Date : 1929-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, NORTH-EAST GATE
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Associated Activities : Primary, ST HELENA'S SCHOOL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1976-01-01
End Date : 1976-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CASTLE PARK
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1976-01-01
End Date : 1976-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 26 NORTH STATION ROAD
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1976-01-01
End Date : 1976-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 65 HIGH STREET
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1976-01-01
End Date : 1976-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CULVER STREET WEST, (NORTH OF HOLY TRINITY CHURCHYARD)
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1976-01-01
End Date : 1976-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, HILLY FIELDS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1977-01-01
End Date : 1977-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 17 NORTH HILL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1977-01-01
End Date : 1977-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 54 HIGH STREET/38 CULVER STREET
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1977-01-01
End Date : 1977-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BALKERNE GARDENS, (PHASE 1)
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1977-01-01
End Date : 1977-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, COLCHESTER CASTLE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1977-01-01
End Date : 1977-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, MIDDLEBOROUGH
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1978-01-01
End Date : 1978-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RAWSTORN ROAD
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1978-01-01
End Date : 1978-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ELD LANE, VICTORIA PLACE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1978-01-01
End Date : 1978-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BALKERNE GARDENS, (PHASE 2)
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1978-01-01
End Date : 1978-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 7-15 LONG WYRE STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1979-01-01
End Date : 1979-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 40 NORTH HILL
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1979-01-01
End Date : 1979-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RIVER COLNE/COWDRY AVENUE/ESSEX HALL ROAD
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1979-01-01
End Date : 1980-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, BALKERNE PASSAGE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1979-01-01
End Date : 1979-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 2-3 ST NICHOLAS PASSAGE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1979-01-01
End Date : 1979-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, COWDRY CRESCENT
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1980-01-01
End Date : 1980-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 72 MAIDENBURGH STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1981-01-01
End Date : 1982-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CULVER STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1981-01-01
End Date : 1985-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ST MARY'S COLLEGE, CHURCH WALK
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1982-01-01
End Date : 1982-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 61-62 HIGH STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1983-01-01
End Date : 1983-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, COLCHESTER CASTLE PARK
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1983-01-01
End Date : 1984-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, MAIDENBURGH STREET (FORMER CAR PARK)
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1983-01-01
End Date : 1983-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FLORY'S YARD, 19 EAST STOCKWELL STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1983-01-01
End Date : 1984-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, WILLIAMS & GRIFFINS, HIGH STREET
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1983-01-01
End Date : 1983-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, GENERAL ACCIDENT, 24-30 TANNER ROW
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1983-01-01
End Date : 1984-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, GILBERD SCHOOL, NORTH HILL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1984-01-01
End Date : 1985-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ST HELEN'S CHAPEL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1984-01-01
End Date : 1984-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LION WALK UNITED REFORMED CHURCH
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1984-01-01
End Date : 1985-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, TRINITY STREET AND SIR ISAAC'S WALK
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1984-01-01
End Date : 1984-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, POST OFFICE, HEAD STREET
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1984-01-01
End Date : 1984-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, OLD BOOKING OFFICE, QUEEN STREET
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1985-01-01
End Date : 1985-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ANGEL YARD, HIGH STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1989-01-01
End Date : 1989-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 14-15 WEST STOCKWELL STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1989-01-01
End Date : 1989-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ST HELENA'S SCHOOL
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1989-01-01
End Date : 1989-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, QUEEN STREET BUS STATION
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1990-01-01
End Date : 1990-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, MERCURY THEATRE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1996-01-01
End Date : 1997-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, TURNER RISE
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1996-01-01
End Date : 1997-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, TURNER RISE (ASDA SITE)
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1996-01-01
End Date : 1997-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 62 PRIORY STREET
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1996-01-01
End Date : 1996-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CO-OP STORES, LONG WYRE STREET
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1997-01-01
End Date : 1997-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SIXTH FORM COLLEGE, NORTH HILL
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1997-01-01
End Date : 1997-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 97 NORTHGATE STREET
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1997-01-01
End Date : 1997-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, JACKLINS, 147 HIGH STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1997-01-01
End Date : 1997-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 48 ST BOTOLPH STREET
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1997-01-01
End Date : 1997-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LOWER CASTLE PARK
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1998-01-01
End Date : 1998-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 33 CROUCH STREET
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1998-01-01
End Date : 1998-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, WILLIAMS & GRIFFIN, 155 HIGH STREET
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1998-01-01
End Date : 1998-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CO-OP STORES, LONG WYRE STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1998-01-01
End Date : 1998-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, CASTLE PARK, COLCHESTER
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1998-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, 29-39 HEAD STREET
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 1998-01-01
End Date : 1998-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FREDA GUNTON HOUSE, BALKERNE GARDENS
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1999-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, OLD POULTRY MARKET, NORTH STATION ROAD
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1999-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND OFF NUNNS ROAD
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 1999-01-01
End Date : 1999-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, COLCHESTER CELLAR SURVEY
Activity type : ARCHITECTURAL SURVEY
Start Date : 1999-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FORMER HEAD POST OFFICE SITE, 29-39 HEAD STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT THE FOOT OF NORTH HILL
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, TOP OF NORTH HILL
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2000-01-01
End Date : 2000-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT 24 CASTLE ROAD
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2001-01-01
End Date : 2001-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND REAR OF THE VICTORIA INN, NORTH STATION ROAD
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2001-01-01
End Date : 2001-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ST PETER'S VICARAGE, NORTH HILL
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2001-01-01
End Date : 2001-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, MOD LAND, COLCHESTER GARRISON
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2002-01-01
End Date : 2002-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, HARPERS, 7-13 HEAD STREET
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2002-01-01
End Date : 2002-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT ABBEY FIELDS
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2004-01-01
End Date : 2004-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, COLCHESTER VISUAL ARTS FACILITY, EAST HILL HOUSE
Activity type : GEOPHYSICAL SURVEY
Start Date : 2004-01-01
End Date : 2004-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, COLCHESTER GARRISON VILLAGE
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2004-01-01
End Date : 2004-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, FIRSTSITE:NEWSITE VISUAL ARTS CENTRE, ST BOTOLPH'S
Activity type : DESK BASED ASSESSMENT
Start Date : 2005-01-01
End Date : 2005-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SIXTH FORM COLLEGE, NORTH HILL
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2005-01-01
End Date : 2005-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, RANGER STATION, UPPER CASTLE PARK
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND ADJACENT TO 9 WALTER'S YARD
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2009-01-01
End Date : 2009-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT 12 ST. CLARE ROAD
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2010-01-01
End Date : 2010-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, COLCHESTER GARRISON (STAGE 1B)
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2010-01-01
End Date : 2010-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, GARRISON ATHLETICS FACILITY
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2012-01-01
End Date : 2013-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, PERFORMING ARTS BLOCK, ROYAL GRAMMAR SCHOOL
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2012-01-01
End Date : 2012-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT ST. HELENA SCHOOL
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2013-01-01
End Date : 2013-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ST. HELENA'S SCHOOL LINK
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2013-01-01
End Date : 2013-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT 56 CREFFIELD ROAD
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2014-01-01
End Date : 2014-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, SIXTH FORM COLLEGE, NORTH HILL
Activity type : EVALUATION
Start Date : 2014-01-01
End Date : 2014-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ST. HELENA'S SCHOOL, SHEEPEN ROAD
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2015-01-01
End Date : 2015-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, ST. HELENA SCHOOL SHEEPEN
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 2015-01-01
End Date : 2015-12-31
Associated Activities : Primary, LAND AT COLNE BANK AVENUE
Activity type : WATCHING BRIEF
Start Date : 2015-01-01
End Date : 2015-12-31