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Single Barrow

Hob Uid: 445080
Location :
Devon
Teignbridge
Manaton, Widecombe In The Moor
Grid Ref : SX7056079530
Summary : The earthwork remains of a Bronze Age round barrow. Situated in a prominent position on the broad ridge of Hamel Down, on the parish boundary between Manaton and Widecombe, just W of the N-S track. Today the barrow is a low, heather-covered mound with a smooth appearance: hardly any stone is visible. It has an amorphous shape with maximum dimensions of 29m NW to SE and 21.5m NE to SW, [it is hard to imagine how it could have ever been a "perfect circle" ("2a)]. It stands between 0.6m and 1m high.The excavation of the barrow in 1873 has left its mark: the W half appears undisturbed: the edges are long, gradual and gently curving and the flat top is probably original. The N side is scalloped by undated digging [which is certainly not recorded by Spence-Bate]. His effort effectively removed the SE quadrant and this is clearly visible: the boundary stone, presumably re-set by him, stands in a central irregular depression 0.6m deep at the apex of Bate's triangular trench. B, a narrow gulley 1.5 to 2.5m wide and 0.5m deep which runs out from the centre to the SE is the W limit of Bate's trench: it presents the illusion of a narrow excavation. To the E the scarping and mounding centred on A is all backfill [rabbits have made great play] but it is evident that spoil was temporarily dumped over the track E of the barrow during the dig: there is deep soil on the track here which presents a 0.4m rise on the approach from the S, whereas to N and S normal soil cover on the track is totally eroded.
More information : Single Barrow (Tumulus) [O.E.] [SX 7057 7953] (1)

A cairn 66 feet in diameter and 3'6" high. Excavated by C. Spence-
Bate in 1873. Cairn ring and small central cairn discovered. There
was no trace of a burial under the central cairn but six feet to the
south east was a cremation burial with a small flint implement
nearby. Dated to the early part of the Bronze Age (a).
(Plan photograph see A0/60/12/4).
Scheduled Ancient Monument (b). (2)

A heather covered cairn, misshapen and with a mutilation in the top.
It is 1.0 m. high. A boundary stone near the centre is dated 1854 and
inscribed 'Single Burrow'.
A 25" survey has been made. (3)

(SX 70577953) Single Barrow (NR) (4)

Barrow. (5)

SX 7056 7953: Single Barrow. Situated in a prominent position on the
broad ridge of Hamel Down, on the parish boundary between Manaton and
Widecombe, just W of the N-S track.
Today the barrow is a low, heather-covered mound with a smooth
appearance: hardly any stone is visible. It has an amorphous shape
with maximum dimensions of 29m NW to SE and 21.5m NE to SW,
[it is hard to imagine how it could have ever been
a "perfect circle" ("2a)]. It stands between 0.6m and 1m high.
The excavation of the barrow in 1873 has left its mark: the W half
appears undisturbed: the edges are long, gradual and gently curving
and the flat top is probably original. The N side is scalloped by
undated digging [which is certainly not recorded by Spence-Bate]. His
effort effectively removed the SE quadrant and this is clearly
visible: the boundary stone, presumably re-set by him, stands in a
central irregular depression 0.6m deep at the apex of Bate's
triangular trench. B, a narrow gulley 1.5 to 2.5m wide and 0.5m deep
which runs out from the centre to the SE is the W limit of Bate's
trench: it presents the illusion of a narrow excavation. To the E the
scarping and mounding centred on A is all backfill [rabbits have made
great play] but it is evident that spoil was temporarily dumped over
the track E of the barrow during the dig: there is deep soil on the
track here which presents a 0.4m rise on the approach from the S,
whereas to N and S normal soil cover on the track is totally eroded.

Spence-Bate's excavation [2a] revealed a barrow built largely of
earth within which is a low bank/wall of stones or cairn-ring which
he interpreted as the original circumference. However, he does not
record its position or dimensions but from his sketch it appears to
span not quite two-thirds of his 66ft [10.12m] diameter for the whole
barrow. The earth beyond the ring he saw as soil which had eroded out
from the centre. There was also a small central cairn of stones 3ft
[0.91m] high with no burial beneath it. The cremation was located 6ft
[1.83m] to the SE of the centre: part of a human upper molar and a
flint flake were identified.

Lady Fox viewed this barrow as an earth and stone composite with
outer stone ring and central cairn, a distinct structural type
occuring only on Dartmoor and Exmoor, with parallels at the nearby
Broad Barrow (SX 77 NW 1) and Two Barrows (SX 77 NW 23) (7).

The boundary stone is purpose made with a rounded head and is
inscribed "Single Burrow" [E face] and "DS 1854" [W face]. It is one
of a series marking the bounds of Natsworthy Manor, which at the time
belonged to Edward Augustus Seymour, 11th Duke of Somerset (6).

Grinsell's MANATON 11 (8).

Surveyed at 1:500 (9). (5-9)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1906
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Source Number : 2a
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : C Spence-Bate, F.R.s. Trans Devon Ass vol 6 1873 272-5 plan & illus of flint imp
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Source : Field report on SX 77 NW 22 - 27-JUL-1990
Source details :
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Source : Single Barrow, Hamel Down/pencil survey
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Source : Single Barrow, Hamel Down/ink survey
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Source Number : 2b
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Trans Devon Ass vol 84 1952 240
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Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 NVQ 10-MAY-60
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Source Number : 4
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1963
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Source Number : 5
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : RCHM App Dartmoor 1985 (RAF RP 541/540/3143 01-Jul-1950)
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Source Number : 6
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : A Field Guide to the Boundary Marks on and around Dartmoor 1986 19 (D A Brewer)
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Source Number : 7
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Proc Devon Archaeol Soc 4 1948-52 1-19 (A Fox)
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Source Number : 8
Source : VIRTUAL CATALOGUE ENTRY TO SUPPORT NAR MIGRATION
Source details : Proc Devon Archaeol Soc 36 1978 85-180 (LV Grinsell)
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Source Number : 9
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F2 PP 27-JUL-1990
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Round Barrow
Evidence : Earthwork
Monument Period Name : Post Medieval
Display Date : Post Medieval
Monument End Date : 1901
Monument Start Date : 1540
Monument Type : Boundary Stone
Evidence : Structure

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SX77NW 059
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : DV 369
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Devonshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 59
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SX 77 NW 22
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : SINGLE BURROW,HAMEL DOWN
Activity type : EXCAVATION
Start Date : 1873-01-01
End Date : 1873-12-31
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION ON SX 77 NW 22
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1960-05-10
End Date : 1960-05-10
Associated Activities : FIELD OBSERVATION SX 77 NW 22
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1990-07-27
End Date : 1990-07-27