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Historic England Research Records

Belan Bank

Hob Uid: 66737
Location :
Shropshire
Kinnerley
Grid Ref : SJ3410020000
Summary : Motte and bailey castle surviving as a well-defined earthwork. Mentioned in 1223 when captured by the Welsh. Out of use by 1249. This earthwork consists of a double motte standing to the north of the bailey, rising from it without a protecting ditch. The lower, circular platform, from 4 to 6 feet in height, is surrounded by a smaller mound 14 feet high with a flat summit. The bailey stands 5 feet above the natural level. Scheduled.
More information : (SJ 34102000) Belan Bank (NAT) Castle Mound (NR) (1)

"Belan Bank", Kinnerley. A motte and bailey castle consisting of a double motte standing to the north of the bailey, rising from it, without protecting ditch. The lower, circular platform, from 4 - 6ft. in height, is surrounded by a smaller mound 14ft. high with a flat summit. The bailey stands 5ft. above the natural level. All the defences are scarps only, but it is probably much reduced from its original strength, and both bailey and lower platform possibly had their own ramparts. (2)

Possibly anciently called "Eggelawe". Most of the mound has been removed. (3)

An oaken "chopper", possibly used as a pattern for making a mould for casting, or more probably some implement for mashing grain, was found many years ago with a stone, possibly lathe-turned which had, clamped to its base, and iron ring for fixing a
spindle, at or near Belan Bank. (4)

Belan Bank is much as described by Downman and Wall, with the exception that there appears to be the remains of an outer ditch along the south side of the bailey. Resurveyed at 1/2500. (5)

SJ 3410 1998. Belan Bank motte and bailey castle 250m east of Farm Hall. Scheduled. (6)

Mentioned in 1223 when captured by the Welsh. Out of action in 1249. (7)

The motte and bailey has been mapped from aerial photographs by RCHME's Marches Uplands Mapping Project. (8-9)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date)
Source details : OS 6" 1954
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Source Number : 2
Source : The Victoria history of Shropshire: volume one
Source details : (J C Wall & E A Downman)
Page(s) : 396
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Vol(s) : 1908
Source Number : 3
Source : Annotated Record Map
Source details : Rec 6" (L F Chitty 1949)
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Source Number : 4
Source : Oral information, correspondence (not archived) or staff comments
Source details : Letter (J R W Whitfield, 52 Park Av., Oswestry 1949)
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Source Number : 5
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 DRB 05-AUG-71
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Source Number : 6
Source : Scheduled Monument Notification
Source details : English Heritage Scheduling Amendment 21/NOV/1995
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Source Number : 7
Source : Castellarium anglicanum : an index and bibliography of the castles in England, Wales and the Islands. Volume II : Norfolk-Yorkshire and the islands
Source details :
Page(s) : 425-6
Figs. :
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Vol(s) : 2
Source Number : 8
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : RAF 541/214 4139-46 08-DEC-1948
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Source Number : 9
Source : Oblique aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SJ 3419/1-2 (CPT 13936/13, 15) 03-JAN-1986
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Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Medieval
Display Date : mentioned 1223, disused 1249
Monument End Date : 1249
Monument Start Date : 1223
Monument Type : Motte And Bailey
Evidence : Earthwork

Components and Objects:
Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 19218
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (County No.)
External Cross Reference Number : Salop 160
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Shropshire)
External Cross Reference Number : 1122
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : MORPH2
External Cross Reference Number : MU.479.12
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SJ 32 SW 2
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, FIELD OBSERVATION ON SJ 32 SW 2
Activity type : FIELD OBSERVATION (VISUAL ASSESSMENT)
Start Date : 1971-08-05
End Date : 1971-08-05
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: MARCHES UPLANDS NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1993-01-01
End Date : 1994-12-31