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Historic England Research Records

Amesbury 52 (Goddard)

Hob Uid: 942672
Location :
Wiltshire
Amesbury
Grid Ref : SU1130042743
Summary : A Bronze Age round barrow, known as Amesbury 52, survives as an earthwork and forms part of the Cursus barrow cemetery (Monument Number 219681). The round barrow has an overall diameter of approximately 25m: it comprises an oval topped mound with very slight traces of a surrounding ditch visible to the north-east of the barrow mound. Any surrounding ditch to the west is probably overlain by the 19th-century wood bank of Fargo Plantation (Monument Number 1518869). A slight rectangular hollow in the top of the mound may relate to Colt Hoare's excavation, which located a cist containing ashes and burnt bones (Barrow 37). Maud Cunnington considered it in good condition in 1913 and the barrow appears to have escaped ploughing during the 20th century. It was listed as Amesbury 52 by Goddard and by Grinsell (as a bowl barrow). The round barrow was surveyed at 1:1000 scale by English Heritage in April 2009 as part of the Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project.
More information : `D' - SU 11304274; Amesbury 52, a bowl barrow 56ft in diameter and 5ft high. (1) Excavated by Colt Hoare (Barrow 37) who located a (?) primary cremation. (2)

Amesbury 52, a bowl barrow 0.7m high with 0.2m deep segments of ditch on the north and south. Published 1:2500 revised. (3)

Originally recorded as Amesbury 52 by Goddard. With a note by Maud Cunnington: condition good, 1913, never ploughed. (4)

The barrow is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs, and has been mapped by both RCHME's Salisbury Plain Training Area NMP and EH's Stonehenge WHS Mapping Project. (6-7)

The Bronze Age round barrow referred to above (1-7) was surveyed at 1:1,000 scale by English Heritage in April 2009 as part of the Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project. The round barrow has an overall diameter of approximately 25m and comprises an oval topped mound with very slight traces of a surrounding ditch visible to the north-east of the mound. The ditch is circa 4m wide and 0.1m deep. The mound stands 0.7m high: its base measures 17m in diameter and the oval top is 11m long by 8m wide and orientated roughly north-west to south-east. A slight rectangular hollow on top of the mound may relate to Colt Hoare's excavations and damage to the southern side of the mound could perhaps be an associated access ramp. The wood bank of Fargo plantation (Monument Number 1518869) may overlie the ditch to the west. Scrub vegetation obscured subtle detail at the time of survey and the posts of the surrounding fence are each within a hollow worn down by animals grazing in the adjacent field. (8-9)

Sources :
Source Number : 1
Source : A history of Wiltshire: volume 1, part 1
Source details : L Grinsell: Archaeological Gazetteer
Page(s) : 151
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Source Number : 2
Source : The ancient history of Wiltshire
Source details :
Page(s) : 163
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Source Number : 3
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : F1 ANK 11-JAN-71
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Source Number : 4
Source : The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine
Source details : EH Goddard: A list of prehistoric, Roman and pagan Saxon antiquities in the county of Wiltshire...
Page(s) : 169
Figs. :
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Vol(s) : 38, 1913-14
Source Number : 5
Source : Archaeological assessment of the Stonehenge World Heritage Site and its surrounding landscape
Source details : Record number 561
Page(s) : 189
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Source Number : 6
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : NMR SU 1143/18 (CCC 5203/05666) 09-FEB-1934
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Source Number : 7
Source : Vertical aerial photograph reference number
Source details : USAAF US/7PH/GP/LOC122 1049-50 24-DEC-1943
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Source Number : 8
Source : Field Investigators Comments
Source details : Sharon Bishop/28-MAY-2010/English Heritage: Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project
Page(s) :
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Source Number : 9
Source : Research Department Report Series
Source details : Amadio, L & Bishop, S 'The Cursus Barrows and surrounding area.' Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project. Archaeological Survey Report. RDRS 85/2010. Swindon: English Heritage.
Page(s) :
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Vol(s) : 85-2010

Monument Types:
Monument Period Name : Bronze Age
Display Date : Bronze Age
Monument End Date : -700
Monument Start Date : -2600
Monument Type : Bowl Barrow, Round Barrow
Evidence : Earthwork, Sub Surface Deposit

Components and Objects:
Period : Bronze Age
Component Monument Type : Bowl Barrow, Round Barrow
Object Type : CREMATION
Object Material :

Related Records from other datasets:
External Cross Reference Source : Scheduled Monument Legacy (National No.)
External Cross Reference Number : 10338
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : SMR Number (Wiltshire)
External Cross Reference Number : SU14SW736
External Cross Reference Notes :
External Cross Reference Source : National Monuments Record Number
External Cross Reference Number : SU 14 SW 423
External Cross Reference Notes :

Related Warden Records :
Associated Monuments : 942659
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 942661
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 942662
Relationship type : Is referred to by
Associated Monuments : 942674
Relationship type : Is referred to by

Related Activities :
Associated Activities : Primary, RCHME: SALISBURY PLAIN TRAINING AREA NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 1994-12-01
End Date : 1995-08-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS MAPPING PROJECT NMP
Activity type : AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
Start Date : 2001-02-01
End Date : 2001-07-01
Associated Activities : Primary, ENGLISH HERITAGE: STONEHENGE WHS LANDSCAPE PROJECT
Activity type : MEASURED SURVEY
Start Date : 2008-01-01
End Date : 2013-12-31