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HER No.:335
Type of Record:Monument


Remains of medieval motte castle

Grid Reference:TL 090 509
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Full Description

The site consists of a roughly circular mound approx 6m high and 30m across. The top is flattened and the sides fairly steep, but there is no sign of a moat or any other ancillary earthworks. An entry dating from 1180-1200AD in the Cartulary of Warden Abbey mentions the old castle beside Risinghoe Mill, indicating that the structure was already old by this date; it is likely to have been one of a number of "adulterine" castles known to have been built by King Stephen during his seige of Bedford in 1138AD. As such it would have been a short-lived timber structure.

The surrounding fields have been excavated for brick-earth, which may have removed any associated earthworks; a subsidiary mound is said to have existed into the 19th century. Limited excavation of the mound in 1943AD found nothing structural, although sherds of medieval pottery were found nearby.

Associated Architectural Societies Reports, Vol 3, 1854, pp 175-185 (Article in serial). SBD10756.

Bedford Archaeological Society, List of moated sites, Dec 1972 (Unpublished document). SBD10794.

Bedford Museum, OS 6" map, annotated by Kuhlicke (Unpublished document). SBD10807.

Bedfordshire & Luton Archives and Records Service Documents, BLARS: MAT17/1/1, Goldington Tithe Award, 1843 (Unpublished document). SBD10551.

HER Photograph Archive, F1083/1-5 (Photograph). SBD10506.

HER Slide Archive, 2133 (Slide). SBD10508.

J Wood, J Wood, Description and discussion, 1983 (Unpublished document). SBD10843.

OS: TL 05, TL 05 SE 4 (Unpublished document). SBD10965.

1908, Victoria County History, Bedfordshire, Vol 1, pp 296-297 (Article in serial). SBD10574.

Wadmore, 1920, Earthworks of Bedfordshire, pp 242-243 (Bibliographic reference). SBD10706.

Mawer & Stenton, 1926, Placenames of Bedfordshire and Huntingdonshire, no page ref (Bibliographic reference). SBD10941.

1937, Bedfordshire Regional Planning Authority Report, p 187 (Unpublished document). SBD10783.

Protected Status: None recorded

Monument Type(s):

  • CASTLE (12th Century - 1100 AD? to 1199 AD?)

Associated Finds: None recorded

Associated Events


Sources and Further Reading

---SBD10506 - Photograph: HER Photograph Archive. F1083/1-5.
---SBD10508 - Slide: HER Slide Archive. 2133.
---SBD10551 - Unpublished document: Bedfordshire & Luton Archives and Records Service Documents. BLARS: MAT17/1/1, Goldington Tithe Award, 1843.
---SBD10574 - Article in serial: 1908. Victoria County History, Bedfordshire. Vol 1, pp 296-297.
---SBD10706 - Bibliographic reference: Wadmore. 1920. Earthworks of Bedfordshire. pp 242-243.
---SBD10756 - Article in serial: Associated Architectural Societies Reports. Vol 3, 1854, pp 175-185.
---SBD10783 - Unpublished document: 1937. Bedfordshire Regional Planning Authority Report. p 187.
---SBD10794 - Unpublished document: Bedford Archaeological Society. List of moated sites, Dec 1972.
---SBD10807 - Unpublished document: Bedford Museum. OS 6" map, annotated by Kuhlicke.
---SBD10843 - Unpublished document: J Wood. J Wood. Description and discussion, 1983.
---SBD10941 - Bibliographic reference: Mawer & Stenton. 1926. Placenames of Bedfordshire and Huntingdonshire. no page ref.
---SBD10965 - Unpublished document: OS: TL 05. TL 05 SE 4.