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CHER Number:07045
Type of record:Monument
Name:Roman remains, Old Fordey Farm, Soham

Summary

A hoard of coins (2 gold, 261 silver and 1 copper) of c.1 - c.2 century. Romano-British pottery sherds were also scattered over the field.

Grid Reference:TL 543 752
Parish:Soham, East Cambridgeshire, Cambridgeshire

Monument Type(s):

Associated Finds:

  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN HOARD (1st century AD to 2nd century AD - 43 AD to 200 AD)
  • PENANNULAR BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • QUERN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SHERD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STAMP (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STEELYARD WEIGHT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Protected Status:

  • Scheduled Monument () 1006885: Roman site near Old Fordey Farm, Barway

Full description

1, Roman sherds C2 - C4 and pennanular bronze brooch and puddingstone quern (at TL/5428/7520) found October 1951. Roman sherds C3 - C4 (at TL/5440/7510) found October 1952.

2, (Area centred TL/5434/7518), Ditch system visible in grass similar to that at Bullocks Haste, Cottenham (Cambs 34 NE 1). In the 1937 floods this site remained unflooded. Field first ploughed Autumn 1950. APs taken 08/10/1951. The ditches are clearly visible as sandy lines in the plough and there was a large complex of Samian, Mortaria and Castor ware, TL/5444/7516. Concentrations of sherds were found at TL/5433/7524, TL/5439/7520, TL/5439/7520, TL/5437/7515 and TL/317-/523-. A fragment of puddingstone quern, TL/5417/7503, and third Brass of Nerva (TL/5412/7500);

5, Gold and silver coin hoard from behind smallest square enclosure on 1953, AP Inquest 1958. Began with Mark Antony, mostly denarii. Early coins worn, but later coins well preserved. Commodus and wife, AD 180 - latest coins.

6, The most interesting features of the hoard are the two aurei of Nero and one each of Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius, as well as a copper as of Nero and a silver drachma of Trajan from Lycia.

S2, Ploughed 1950, much pottery and puddingstone quern. One Samian sherd, maybe C1. Rest included stamp DOM(ITUS). Also late Samian including C)RACUNA.F and SANVILLII. Mortaria - late C1 from Verulamium, late C2 and C3 from Hartshill, late C2 or early C3 from Colchester, E Anglian type and group, C4 from Nene Valley. All colour coated is from Nene valley, continuous through C3 and early C4. Later dates are rare. Coarseware also is common up to C4.
R7, 1980 - Roman bronze pin and lead weight (steel yard ?) with iron shaft for suspension.

S4, A hoard of coins (2 gold, 261 silver, 1 copper) of C1 - C2 was found in this field during hoeing weeds between sugar beet in June1950. This was the first year that the field had been ploughed. Roman sherds are scattered over the field and substantial numbers were found around the hoard. The site is on a low bluff of sand near its E edge where it levels out into peat. A 'causeway of pointed stakes' is reported by the owner in the neighbourhood. There is probably a Roman settlement nearby of the type of which so many were discovered by air photography in the war. NB the owner was told that scheduling would not interfere with agriculture and was to give notice in the event of plans to bulldoze, build, etc.(1). Site under wheat so impossible to see any artefacts (2).

O2, Visited site. No earthworks visible. Pottery scatter found in ploughed field. Less than 10 minutes on site produced Romano-British pottery - 25 body sherds and 4 bases (including Samian and grey wares), 3 tiles. No sherds above 8cm in size, but do not appear heavily abraded.

9. Enclosures and droves. Probable paddock area. (R Palmer 16/01/1989).

10. (Fenland Survey, ref WIC S3.) The area, dark stained with occupation debris, yielded small pieces of stone from hearths and yards, domestic animal bone, fragments of quern and sherds covering the middle period of occupation in the second and third centuries.


<1> OS Corr 6in (Map). SCB9529.


<2> OS Corr 25in (Map). SCB9556.


<R3> Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SCB852.


<R4> 1959, JRS 49, p. 123 (Article in serial). SCB6808.


<5> 1960, Numismatic Chronicle, p. 237 (Serial). SCB8557.


<6> Bromwich, J., 1962, The Cambridgeshire skirtlands. Antiquity 36:59 (Article in serial). SCB754.


<7> Untitled Source (Bibliographic reference). SCB1294.


<8> Burnett AM and Bland RF ed, 1986, Coin Hoards from Roman Britain 6 (Bibliographic reference). SCB1602.


<9> Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SCB8328.


<10> Hall, D.N., 1996, The Fenland Project, Number 10: Cambridgeshire Survey, The Isle of Ely and Wisbech, WIC S3 (Bibliographic reference). SCB16086.

Sources and further reading

<1>Map: OS Corr 6in.
<2>Map: OS Corr 25in.
<R3>Aerial Photograph:
<R4>Article in serial: 1959. JRS 49. p. 123.
<5>Serial: 1960. Numismatic Chronicle. p. 237.
<6>Article in serial: Bromwich, J.. 1962. The Cambridgeshire skirtlands. Antiquity 36:59.
<7>Bibliographic reference:
<8>Bibliographic reference: Burnett AM and Bland RF ed. 1986. Coin Hoards from Roman Britain 6.
<9>Aerial Photograph:
<10>Bibliographic reference: Hall, D.N.. 1996. The Fenland Project, Number 10: Cambridgeshire Survey, The Isle of Ely and Wisbech. WIC S3.