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HER Number:24541.40
Name:MERTHER UNY - Medieval chapel


The C12 chapel at Merther Uny was rebuilt, perhaps on enlarged foundations in the late C14 or C15.

Grid Reference:SW 7034 2932
Parish:Gweek, Kerrier, Cornwall
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument CO162B-C: Round, medieval chapel, burial ground and standing cross 60m south east of Merthyr Uny House

Other References/Statuses

  • National Record of the Historic Environment to Historic Environment Records data transfer
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 427115
  • Primary Record No. (1985-2009): 24541.30
  • Primary Record No. (1985-2009): 24541.40
  • SMR No. (OS Quarter-sheet and SMR No.): SW72NW 4.1
  • Unified Designation System UID: 1004645
  • Unified Designation System UID: 1162555

Monument Type(s):

  • CHAPEL (Medieval - 1100 AD to 1500 AD)

Full description

The remains of a Medieval chapel standing within the enclosure of a former round, later re-used as a lann enclosure (5).

The enclosure was excavated in 1968 by Charles Thomas (1, 2). The structure is internally 6.0m north-south, 9.1m east-west with a west doorway. The present remains appear to date to the late fourteenth or fifteenth century, on the basis of the fragments of ridge tiles, part of the west door arch-head with double hollow moulding re-used as half of the cross base, and built into the window sill of Merther-Uny cottage. Architectural remains and grey-green roof slate similar to that recovered at Fenton-la Chapel at Troon (3), together with ceramic evidence, suggest that the chapel may have incorporated or destroyed an earlier twelfth-century structure. The burial evidence (see related records) appears to suggest that A free chapel, with quasi-parochial status, used for lay burials up to the reformation.

Some of the foundations were left open after the excavation in 1968 and have been surveyed by the OS at 1:2500 in 1971 (4).

The NRHE database record for this monument references to the University of Birmingham Archaeological Society bulletin (6): The chapel was in good condition until 1800, and had a tower. Excavations on the western side located rubble where the tower would have stood. This source has not been verified by HER staff.

<1> Thomas, AC, 1968, Excavation News 1967-1968: Merther Uny, Wendron (Article in Journal). SCO4626.

<2> Wilson, DM & Hurst, JG, 1969, Medieval Britain in 1968, 230-231 (Article in Journal). SCO30407.

<4> Field Investigator's Comments, OS/King, AN. 1971. (Survey). SCO29739.

<4> Thomas, AC, 1967, Christian Antiquities of Camborne, 78-82 (Bibliographic reference). SCO4601.

<5> Ordnance Survey, 1970s, 1:10,000 OS Map (Cartographic materials). SCO4045.

<6> Unknown, 1968/9, Unknown (Article in Serial). SCO30410.

Sources / Further Reading

[1]SCO4626 - Article in Journal: Thomas, AC. 1968. Excavation News 1967-1968: Merther Uny, Wendron. Cornish Archaeology. 7. 81-82.
[2]SCO30407 - Article in Journal: Wilson, DM & Hurst, JG. 1969. Medieval Britain in 1968. Medieval Archaeology. 13. 230-287. 230-231.
[4]SCO29739 - Survey: Field Investigator's Comments. OS/King, AN. 1971..
[4]SCO4601 - Bibliographic reference: Thomas, AC. 1967. Christian Antiquities of Camborne. 78-82.
[5]SCO4045 - Cartographic materials: Ordnance Survey. 1970s. 1:10,000 OS Map.
[6]SCO30410 - Article in Serial: Unknown. 1968/9. Unknown. University of Birmingham Archaeological Society Bulletin. 7.

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • ECO1241 - Merther Uny, Wendron: Excavation, 1968

Related records

24541Part of: MERTHER UNY - Iron Age round, Early Medieval Lann (Monument)