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HER Number:6248.10
Name:INCE CASTLE - Post Medieval country house


A picturesque brick building with stone dressings, having embattled parapet and square corner towers.

Grid Reference:SX 4013 5651
Parish:Saltash, Caradon, Cornwall
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Protected Status

  • Listed Building (I) 60392: INCE CASTLE

Other References/Statuses

  • OS No. (OS Quarter-sheet and OS No.): SX45NW 8
  • Primary Record No. (1985-2009): 6248.10
  • SMR No. (OS Quarter-sheet and SMR No.): SX45NW 7

Monument Types

Full description

A cartouche over the entrance implies that Ince Castle was built in 1540 (b4); in fact it is an early C17 mansion. It is a picturesque brick building with stone dressings, having embattled parapet and square corner towers. A wing at the rear was added in 1920 (b2).

"1653 according to documents, but circa 1630 in style. Remarkable in plan, style and in use of brick. English bond brick with stone dressings and hipped slate roof. Rectangular with 4 storey projecting towers at corners with pyramidal roofs above modillion eaves cornices. Embattled parapet. 2 storey continuous moulded cornice. With bund over ground floor. Glazing bar sash windows, mostly C18 and reproduction main entrance to west, approached by a long flight of steps to first floor level. Segment headed granite doorway, disused, flanked by pairs of mullion windows under commondrip, pediment over and cornice raised over it. Ground floor windows are C19 tripartite variety (see others on ground floor). 2 windows (on ground floor of flanking towers) retain plain stone mullion casements under segmented arch. Interior: modern Chinese Chippendale staircase in front. south-east tower contains a mid C17 staircase. The plan may relate to 'toy forts' like the nearby Mont Edgecumbe House. The style with corner hursts may relate to current court fashion (see Wilton). The first floor entry (as in the earlier castle keeps) is quite anachronistic and idiosyneratic. For full appreciation and for discussion of rival building dates and builders see Christopher Hussey's articles in Country Life 16 March 1967 and 23 March 1967." (EH Listing Description, 1952)

A bowling green is still extant within plantations. Late plantings and developments may conceal earlier layouts. There was a sea gate and a nearby bathing pool on the river. Much recent planting has taken place (5).

<1> Ordnance Survey, 1970s, 1:10,000 OS Map (Cartographic materials). SCO4045.

<2> Pevsner, N, 1951, The Buildings of England: Cornwall, 83 (Bibliographic reference). SCO4126.

<3> DOE, 19--, Listed Building Description (original DOE), FEB 1951, 2 (Bibliographic reference). SCO5173.

<4> Sedding, EH, 1909, Norman Architecture in Cornwall, 370 (Bibliographic reference). SCO4335.

<5> CORNWALL GARDENS TRUST, 1998, Historic Garden Register Review programme for Cornwall (Report). SCO28473.

Sources / Further Reading

[1]SCO4045 - Cartographic materials: Ordnance Survey. 1970s. 1:10,000 OS Map.
[2]SCO4126 - Bibliographic reference: Pevsner, N. 1951. The Buildings of England: Cornwall. 83.
[3]SCO5173 - Bibliographic reference: DOE. 19--. Listed Building Description (original DOE). Listing "Greenbacks". FEB 1951, 2.
[4]SCO4335 - Bibliographic reference: Sedding, EH. 1909. Norman Architecture in Cornwall. 370.
[5]SCO28473 - Report: CORNWALL GARDENS TRUST. 1998. Historic Garden Register Review programme for Cornwall. Devon and Cornwall.

Associated Finds

  • FCO817 - BRICK (17th Century - 1601 AD to 1700 AD)

Associated Events

  • ECO5069 - Historic Garden Register Review programme for Cornwall (Ref: EH/Cornwall - 21)

Related records

6248Part of: INCE CASTLE - Medieval settlement (Monument)