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HER Number:23027.10
Name:GOLDEN - Medieval castle

Summary - not yet available

Grid Reference:SW 9244 4687
Parish:Probus, Carrick, Cornwall
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Protected Status: None recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • OS No. (OS Quarter-sheet and OS No.): SW94NW 5
  • Primary Record No. (1985-2009): 23027.10
  • SMR No. (OS Quarter-sheet and SMR No.): SW94NW 46

Monument Types

  • CASTLE? (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Full description

The fort at Golden (23027) is mentioned as early as the twelfth century, when Henry de la Pomerai confirmed to John son of Reginald de Trewygran the heritage which his predecessors had held freely of him, namely an acre of land in Trewygran `cum castellario quod pertinet eidam acre terre' (together with the castle which goes with acre of land). This was confirmed in 1266. Henderson says these references suggests that Golden fort may still have served for defensive purposes (b 13).

--------------------------------
Site history:
1: 1977. CC/OS
2: 1977. PAS/CCRA
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<1> Borlase, W, 1740, Parochial Memoranda, 75 (Unpublished document). SCO2884.

<2> Borlase, W, 1754, Antiquities Historical and Monumental of the County of Cornwall, 313, 306 (Bibliographic reference). SCO2878.

<3> Hitchins, F & Drew, S (Eds), 1824, The History of Cornwall, VOL 1, 372 (Bibliographic reference). SCO3595.

<4> Gilbert, D (Ed), 1838, The Parochial History of Cornwall, VOL III, 365-367 (Bibliographic reference). SCO3362.

<5> Tithe Award, 1840s, Probus, FIELD NO 794, GEAR MEADOW (Bibliographic reference). SCO4844.

<6> MACLAUGHLAN, H, 1848, UNKNOWN TITLE, 24-25 (Unedited Source). SCO6009.

<7> Thomas, R, 1851, Letters to the West Briton, NO 43 (Article in newspaper). SCO4699.

<8> Polsue, J (Editor), 1867-72, Lake's Parochial History of Cornwall, VOL 4, 100 (Bibliographic reference). SCO4139.

<9> Page, W (Editor), 1906, Victoria History of the County of Cornwall, 467, 469; VOL 2, 35 (Bibliographic reference). SCO4068.

<10> Hencken, HO, 1932, The Archaeology of Cornwall and Scilly, 195 (Bibliographic reference). SCO3489.

<11> Gover, JEB, 1948, Place-Names of Cornwall, 477 (Bibliographic reference). SCO3402.

<12> Frere, SS, 1958, Problems of the Iron Age in Southern Britain, 46 (Bibliographic reference). SCO3341.

<13> Henderson, C, 1955-60, Ecclesiastical Antiquities of the 109 parishes of West Cornwall & Ecclesiastical History of the 4 Western Hundreds, (NS) VOL 34, 419 (Article in serial). SCO3499.

<14> RIVET, ALF, 1956, RECTIFIED 6-INCH MAP (Unedited Source). SCO7612.

Sources / Further Reading

[1]SCO2884 - Unpublished document: Borlase, W. 1740. Parochial Memoranda. MS At RIC. 75.
[2]SCO2878 - Bibliographic reference: Borlase, W. 1754. Antiquities Historical and Monumental of the County of Cornwall. 313, 306.
[3]SCO3595 - Bibliographic reference: Hitchins, F & Drew, S (Eds). 1824. The History of Cornwall. VOL 1, 372.
[4]SCO3362 - Bibliographic reference: Gilbert, D (Ed). 1838. The Parochial History of Cornwall. VOL III, 365-367.
[5]SCO4844 - Bibliographic reference: Tithe Award. 1840s. Probus. FIELD NO 794, GEAR MEADOW.
[6]SCO6009 - Unedited Source: MACLAUGHLAN, H. 1848. UNKNOWN TITLE. RRIC. 24-25.
[7]SCO4699 - Article in newspaper: Thomas, R. 1851. Letters to the West Briton. At CSL, Redruth. NO 43.
[8]SCO4139 - Bibliographic reference: Polsue, J (Editor). 1867-72. Lake's Parochial History of Cornwall. VOL 4, 100.
[9]SCO4068 - Bibliographic reference: Page, W (Editor). 1906. Victoria History of the County of Cornwall. Page, W. 467, 469; VOL 2, 35.
[10]SCO3489 - Bibliographic reference: Hencken, HO. 1932. The Archaeology of Cornwall and Scilly. 195.
[11]SCO3402 - Bibliographic reference: Gover, JEB. 1948. Place-Names of Cornwall. 477.
[12]SCO3341 - Bibliographic reference: Frere, SS. 1958. Problems of the Iron Age in Southern Britain. 46.
[13]SCO3499 - Article in serial: Henderson, C. 1955-60. Ecclesiastical Antiquities of the 109 parishes of West Cornwall & Ecclesiastical History of the 4 Western Hundreds. JRIC (NS) Vol 2 (part 3 & 4) Vol 3 (part2 &4). (NS) VOL 34, 419.
[14]SCO7612 - Unedited Source: RIVET, ALF. 1956. RECTIFIED 6-INCH MAP.

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded

Related records

23027Part of: GOLDEN - Iron Age hillfort, Romano British hillfort (Monument)