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HER Number:24003
Name:STERLING CASTLE - Post Medieval castle


Tonkin noted that 'James Maxwell, of a noble Scottish family, has built a small castellated house adjoining Castle Hill earthwork (24002), which hasn’t survived.

Grid Reference:SX 0019 4367
Parish:St Goran, Restormel, Cornwall
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Protected Status: None recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • OS No. (OS Quarter-sheet and OS No.): SX04SW 3
  • Primary Record No. (1985-2009): 24003
  • SMR No. (OS Quarter-sheet and SMR No.): SX04SW 4

Monument Types

  • CASTLE? (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Full description

The 1st Edition OS 2500 map of 1880 records the 'site of a castle' on Castle Hill. This was possibly the site of an 18th century castelled residence recorded by Tonkin (b1) who noted that 'adjoining Castle Hill earthwork (24002), James Maxwell, of a noble Scottish family, has built a small castellated house, pleasantly seated. Known as Sterling Castle, alias Scotland, because of Maxwell's nationallity'. A building is shown here on the OS 1813 map (b6), but Maclaughlan's plan of 1846 shows two small enclosures and a 'tumulus' (24003.1) with no indication of a building (b3). In 1968, the OS surveyor recorded that the site, which has no defensive potential, was unlikely to be a castle, and the enclosures are unlikely to be earlier than 18th century (h1). Peter Rose (CAU) made a sketch survey in 1983. He found the site to consist of four small roughly rectangular enclosures 25 by 15m, 22 by 20m, 20 by 17m, and 15 by 12m, defined by dry stone walling, banks, Cornish hedges and revetting. The building itself was not located (h2).

Site history:
1: 1968. QUINNELL, NV/OS
2: 1983. ROSE, PG/CCRA

<1> Tonkin, T, 1702, Parochial History of Cornwall, 454C (Bibliographic reference). SCO4948.

<2> Hitchins, F & Drew, S (Eds), 1824, The History of Cornwall, VOL 2, 296 (Bibliographic reference). SCO3595.

<3> MCLAUCHLAN, H, 1846, UNKNOWN TITLE, VOL 29, 30 (Unedited Source). SCO5989.

<4> Sheppard, PA, 1966, St Goran Checklist, VOL 5, 76 (Article in serial). SCO4414.

<5> Ordnance Survey, 1970s, 1:10,000 OS Map (Cartographic materials). SCO4045.

<6> Ordnance Survey, 1810-13, 1st Edition OS 1 Inch:1 Mile Map (Cartographic materials). SCO4046.

Sources / Further Reading

[1]SCO4948 - Bibliographic reference: Tonkin, T. 1702. Parochial History of Cornwall. 454C.
[2]SCO3595 - Bibliographic reference: Hitchins, F & Drew, S (Eds). 1824. The History of Cornwall. VOL 2, 296.
[3]SCO5989 - Unedited Source: MCLAUCHLAN, H. 1846. UNKNOWN TITLE. RRIC. VOL 29, 30.
[4]SCO4414 - Article in serial: Sheppard, PA. 1966. St Goran Checklist. CA No 5. VOL 5, 76.
[5]SCO4045 - Cartographic materials: Ordnance Survey. 1970s. 1:10,000 OS Map.
[6]SCO4046 - Cartographic materials: Ordnance Survey. 1810-13. 1st Edition OS 1 Inch:1 Mile Map.

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded

Related records

24003.10Parent of: STERLING CASTLE - Bronze Age barrow (Monument)