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HER Number:87
Name:EAST LEIGH BERRYS - Medieval motte and bailey

Summary

Three contiguous univallate earthworks - may be an adulterine motte with two baileys.

Grid Reference:SS 2445 0672
Parish:Launcells, North Cornwall, Cornwall
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument CO483: East Leigh Berrys

Other References/Statuses

  • National Mapping Programme (Morph No.): 2011.41.1
  • OS No. (OS Quarter-sheet and OS No.): SS20NW 8
  • Primary Record No. (1985-2009): 87
  • SMR No. (OS Quarter-sheet and SMR No.): SS20NW 11

Monument Types

Full description

Three contiguous univallate earthworks - may be an adulterine motte with two baileys. Overlooked on all but the sw side, it is not in a good defensive position. The ne enclosure: area- 0.Xha.; Bank- 7m high, 0.7m wide; ditch- 8m wide 0.3m deep; there is a counterscarp bank on the northeast central enclosure: area- 0.14Ha.; bank- 5m wide, 0.4m high; ditch-6m wide 0.5m deep. This ditch is deeper than and cuts the ne ditch. It also continues round the southwest enclosure the southwest enclosure: the motte; roughly circular, 50m. In diam, with a flat domed profile, c1.7m high on the southwest.; ditch- 8m wide and 0. 5m deep on the nw fades to a terrace on the southeast. The perimeter scarping, generally c1m. High is absent on the southwest, probably due to later mutilation. The two southwest enclosures seem to be contemporary. The OS suggest that the site may have been left unfinished or have been thoroughly slighted given the poor condition of the earthworks the site was once wooded, but since 1953 the woodland and scrub has been cleared, and the area ploughed at least twice. It is now grassland (1979). The site is visible on aerial photos, and was plotted as part of the NMP (p3).

--------------------------------
Site history:
1: 1977. OS
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JAT, JAT FILM 4 7A/8 (Aerial Photograph). SCO21396.

JAT, JAT FILM 4 8A/9 (Aerial Photograph). SCO21438.

JAT, JAT FILM 4 9A/10 (Aerial Photograph). SCO21367.

NMR, 24/4/79, NMR 2406 (Aerial Photograph). SCO21425.

NMR, 24/4/79, NMR 2406 (Aerial Photograph). SCO21426.

NMR, 24/4/79, NMR 2406 (Aerial Photograph). SCO21427.

<1> Page, W (Editor), 1906, Victoria History of the County of Cornwall, VOL 1, 462 (Bibliographic reference). SCO4068.

JAT, 1979, CORN 4, 8A/9,9A/10 (Photographic Record). SCO16390.

NMR, ----, SS 2406 1 276 (Photographic Record). SCO9127.

<2> Maclaughlan, H, 1849, Notes on Restormel Castle, VOL 34, 21 (Article in serial). SCO3894.

<3> Borlase, W, 1754, Antiquities Historical and Monumental of the County of Cornwall, 5 (Bibliographic reference). SCO2878.

NMR, 1979, SS2406/2/114-5 (Photographic Record). SCO16537.

<4> Peter, OB, 1902, Ancient Earth-Fenced Town and Village Sites of Cornwall, VOL 15, 113 (Article in serial). SCO5138.

Sources / Further Reading

---SCO21367 - Aerial Photograph: JAT. JAT FILM 4 9A/10. SS 2450 0660.
---SCO21396 - Aerial Photograph: JAT. JAT FILM 4 7A/8. SS 2450 0660.
---SCO21425 - Aerial Photograph: NMR. 24/4/79. NMR 2406. SS 2450 0660.
---SCO21426 - Aerial Photograph: NMR. 24/4/79. NMR 2406. SS 2450 0660.
---SCO21427 - Aerial Photograph: NMR. 24/4/79. NMR 2406. SS 2450 0660.
---SCO21438 - Aerial Photograph: JAT. JAT FILM 4 8A/9. SS 2450 0660.
[p1]SCO16390 - Photographic Record: JAT. 1979. CORN 4, 8A/9,9A/10.
[1]SCO4068 - Bibliographic reference: Page, W (Editor). 1906. Victoria History of the County of Cornwall. Page, W. VOL 1, 462.
[2]SCO3894 - Article in serial: Maclaughlan, H. 1849. Notes on Restormel Castle. RRIC, Vol 32. VOL 34, 21.
[p2]SCO9127 - Photographic Record: NMR. ----. SS 2406 1 276.
[p3]SCO16537 - Photographic Record: NMR. 1979. SS2406/2/114-5. AB.
[3]SCO2878 - Bibliographic reference: Borlase, W. 1754. Antiquities Historical and Monumental of the County of Cornwall. 5.
[4]SCO5138 - Article in serial: Peter, OB. 1902. Ancient Earth-Fenced Town and Village Sites of Cornwall. JRIC Vol 15. VOL 15, 113.

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • ECO3292 - East Leigh Berrys, East Leigh Farm, Stratton, Bude (Ref: EA6557)

Related records: none recorded