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HER Number:16073.03
Name:CHAPEL CARN BREA - Bronze Age barrow, Bronze Age entrance grave

Summary

Remains of a complex round barrow partly excavated by WC Borlase in 1868.

Grid Reference:SW 3858 2806
Parish:St Just, Penwith, Cornwall
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument CO11: Chapel Carn Brea Barrow

Other References/Statuses

  • National Mapping Programme (Morph No.): 330.46.1
  • OS No. (OS Quarter-sheet and OS No.): SW32NE 20
  • Primary Record No. (1985-2009): 16073.03
  • SMR No. (OS Quarter-sheet and SMR No.): SW32NE 217.1-217.2-217.3

Monument Type(s):

Full description

On the summit of Chapel Carn Brea are the remains of a complex round barrow which was partly excavated by WC Borlase in 1868 (h1) and 1879 (h2) and was planned by Lukis in 1885 (h3, b3). Excavations revealed a complex structure of three concentric walls within the cairn retained by a 15ft (4.6m) retaining wall (h4, b10). In the centre of the barrow was a drystone walled chamber half sunk in a pit measuring 2.3m long and 1.1m wide and standing up to 1.2m high. This contained a stone lined cist which held cremated remains and pot sherds. Another cist was found higher up in the cairn which is still visible. Pottery, a whetstone and a spindle whorl were found during excavations. A samian sherd (16075) was found in the upper layers. A medieval chapel (16074) stood on the cairn until 1816, when it was demolished to build a barn (b3). During WW2 a shelter was dug into the east side of the cairn (traces of which are still recognisable) and an observation post was built on the summit of the mound. The site is now in a very mutilated condition (h4, b10, b14). It requires sensitive conservation management, survey and perhaps limited investigation of the structure. The monument is included in the Schedule. The barrow is visible on aerial photographs (p1-2) as a low earth mound and was plotted as part of the NMP.

--------------------------------
Site history:
3: 1885. LUKIS, WC
4: 1960. PITCHER, GH / OS
5: 1985. GERRARD, GAM / CAU
6: 1990. THOMAS, N / CAU
--------------------------------


<1> UNKNOWN, 1880, TRANS PENZANCE NAT HIST AND ANTIQ SOC, 13-14, 36 (Article in serial). SCO6368.


<p1> MAF, 1973, BASA 1,7330 1,268-9 (Photographic Record). SCO15455.


<2> Borlase, WC, 1882, Laregan Museum List, 76, 82, 153 (Unpublished document). SCO2891.


<p2> NMR, 1977, APR 3828 1, 111-113 (Photographic Record). SCO16001.


<3> Lukis, WC & Borlase, WC, 1885, Prehistoric Stone Monuments: Cornwall, 5, 27, PL XIV (Bibliographic reference). SCO3881.


<4> Borlase, WC, 1878, The Age of Saints: a Monograph of Early Christianity in Cornwall, VOL I, X, PL I (Article in serial). SCO2893.


<5> Page, W (Editor), 1906, Victoria History of the County of Cornwall, VOL I, 358, 360 (Bibliographic reference). SCO4068.


<6> Page, W (Editor), 1906, Victoria History of the County of Cornwall, VOL II, PT 5, 15, 20 (Bibliographic reference). SCO4068.


<7> SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES, 1770-1991, Archaeologia, VOL XLIX, 195-197 (Article in serial). SCO5342.


<8> Hencken, HO, 1932, The Archaeology of Cornwall and Scilly, 43-44, 83-84, 192, 299, 313, 319 (Bibliographic reference). SCO3489.


<9> Russell, V, 1971, West Penwith Survey, 16, 99 (Bibliographic reference). SCO4314.


<10> Barnatt, J, 1982, Prehistoric Cornwall: The Ceremonial Monuments, 50, 247 (Bibliographic reference). SCO2777.


<11> Cornwall Archaeological Unit, 198-, Field Drawing (GRE), GRE 2/15 (Cartographic materials). SCO5089.


<12> Cornwall Archaeological Unit, 198-, Drawing Archive, Hanging (GRH), GRH 68/4/SW3828 (Cartographic materials). SCO5088.


<13> Cornwall Archaeological Unit, 198-, Field Drawing (GRE), GRE 243 (Cartographic materials). SCO5089.


<14> Thomas, N, 1990, Chapel Carn Brea, National Trust Report (Cornwall Event Report). SCO4663.

Sources / Further Reading

[p1]SCO15455 - Photographic Record: MAF. 1973. BASA 1,7330 1,268-9.
[1]SCO6368 - Article in serial: UNKNOWN. 1880. TRANS PENZANCE NAT HIST AND ANTIQ SOC. TRANS PENZANCE NAT HIST AND ANTIQ SOC. 13-14, 36.
[p2]SCO16001 - Photographic Record: NMR. 1977. APR 3828 1, 111-113.
[2]SCO2891 - Unpublished document: Borlase, WC. 1882. Laregan Museum List. MS At RIC. 76, 82, 153.
[3]SCO3881 - Bibliographic reference: Lukis, WC & Borlase, WC. 1885. Prehistoric Stone Monuments: Cornwall. 5, 27, PL XIV.
[4]SCO2893 - Article in serial: Borlase, WC. 1878. The Age of Saints: a Monograph of Early Christianity in Cornwall. JRIC Vol 6. VOL I, X, PL I.
[5]SCO4068 - Bibliographic reference: Page, W (Editor). 1906. Victoria History of the County of Cornwall. Page, W. VOL I, 358, 360.
[6]SCO4068 - Bibliographic reference: Page, W (Editor). 1906. Victoria History of the County of Cornwall. Page, W. VOL II, PT 5, 15, 20.
[7]SCO5342 - Article in serial: SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES. 1770-1991. Archaeologia. ARCHAEOLOGIA. VOL XLIX, 195-197.
[8]SCO3489 - Bibliographic reference: Hencken, HO. 1932. The Archaeology of Cornwall and Scilly. 43-44, 83-84, 192, 299, 313, 319.
[9]SCO4314 - Bibliographic reference: Russell, V. 1971. West Penwith Survey. 16, 99.
[10]SCO2777 - Bibliographic reference: Barnatt, J. 1982. Prehistoric Cornwall: The Ceremonial Monuments. 50, 247.
[11]SCO5089 - Cartographic materials: Cornwall Archaeological Unit. 198-. Field Drawing (GRE). GRE 2/15.
[12]SCO5088 - Cartographic materials: Cornwall Archaeological Unit. 198-. Drawing Archive, Hanging (GRH). GRH 68/4/SW3828.
[13]SCO5089 - Cartographic materials: Cornwall Archaeological Unit. 198-. Field Drawing (GRE). GRE 243.
[14]SCO4663 - Cornwall Event Report: Thomas, N. 1990. Chapel Carn Brea, National Trust Report.

Associated Finds

  • FCO2879 - HUMAN REMAINS (Bronze Age - 2500 BC to 801 BC)
  • FCO2880 - SHERD (Bronze Age - 2500 BC to 801 BC)
  • FCO3766 - SPINDLE WHORL (Bronze Age - 2500 BC to 801 BC)
  • FCO3765 - WHETSTONE (Bronze Age - 2500 BC to 801 BC)

Associated Events: none recorded

Related records

16073Part of: CHAPEL CARN BREA - Neolithic barrow cemetery, Bronze Age barrow cemetery (Monument)