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HER Number:35111
Name:CARWYNNEN - Neolithic chambered tomb

Summary

A collapsed neolithic chambered tomb known as the Giant's Quoit; re-erected c1950 and consisting of three uprights supporting a capstone; collapsed again and in poor condition until 2012-14 when work was undertaken to re-erect the quoit.

Grid Reference:SW 6501 3721
Parish:Camborne, Kerrier, Cornwall
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument CO396: Carwynnen burial chamber

Other References/Statuses

  • OS No. (OS Quarter-sheet and OS No.): SW63NE 9
  • Primary Record No. (1985-2009): 35111
  • SMR No. (OS Quarter-sheet and SMR No.): SW63NE 23

Monument Type(s):

Full description

The Giant's Quoit chambered tomb is first recorded in 1700 and is marked as 'Cromlech' on the 1839 OS map. The field name on the Tithe Map, 'Frying Pan Field', refers to the former appearance of the quoit. In 1950 the monument consisted of three uprights supporting a capstone, having been re-erected after the collapse of the chamber just before 1872 (b9). The chamber had collapsed again by 1971 (h1). The OS give the following dimensions in 1979: length of chamber 2.13m, width 1.52m, height 1.52m; cover slab 3.67m by 2.74m. In 1982 the remains were described as in very poor condition, the capstone lying on the ground with its supporters piled above (b11). An alleged barrow site is recorded nearby (35112).
In 2005 a fieldworker discovered a fragment of a polished flint knife at the eastern edge of the site (TK pers comm; See Info File).
In 2014 after several years of research and excavation (12,13) the quoit was re-erected (Nowakowski & Gossip, forthcoming).

Two possible carving have been reported (14).

--------------------------------
Site history:
1: 1971. ANK / OS
2: 1979. SHEPPARD, P / IAM
3: 1982. SHEPPARD, P / IAM
--------------------------------


<1> Lhuyd, E, 1700, Notes on Cornwall (Unpublished document). SCO3867.

<2> Borlase, W, 1740, Parochial Memoranda (Unpublished document). SCO2884.

<3> Tithe Award Map and Apportionment, 1840, Camborne (Cartographic materials). SCO4757.

<4> Ordnance Survey, 1810-13, 1st Edition OS 1 Inch:1 Mile Map (Cartographic materials). SCO4046.

<5> Borlase, WC, 1872, Naenia Cornubiae, 24-26 (Bibliographic reference). SCO2892.

<6> Polsue, J (Editor), 1867-72, Lake's Parochial History of Cornwall, VOL 1, 188 (Bibliographic reference). SCO4139.

<7> Lukis, WC & Borlase, WC, 1885, Prehistoric Stone Monuments: Cornwall (Bibliographic reference). SCO3881.

<8> Henderson, C, 1914, Notebooks of Parochial Antiquities, VOL II, 284-292 (Unpublished document). SCO3503.

<9> Daniel, GE, 1950, The Prehistoric Chamber Tombs of England and Wales, 17, 52, 173, 239 (Bibliographic reference). SCO3204.

<10> Thomas, AC, 1970, Camborne Checklist, VOL 9, 136 (Article in serial). SCO4599.

<11> Barnatt, J, 1982, Prehistoric Cornwall: The Ceremonial Monuments, 44-46, 52, 104, 135-136, 246 (Bibliographic reference). SCO2777.

<12> Preston-Jones, A with Rose, Nowakpwski, J & Dodd, L, 2011, Carwynnen Quoit, Camborne, Cornwall - Archaeological recording and proposal fpr restoration (Cornwall Event Report). SCO23806.

<13> Gossip, J, with Nowakowski, J, 2012, Discovering Carwynnen Quoit, Camborne, Cornwall: Archaeological Excavation - interim summary - September 2012 (Cornwall Event Report). SCO26020.

<14> Pers. Comm., Site visit by Linda King 02/11/2014 - see photos in Resources (Personal communication). SCO25106.

Sources / Further Reading

[1]SCO3867 - Unpublished document: Lhuyd, E. 1700. Notes on Cornwall. MS At Bodleian Library, Oxford.
[2]SCO2884 - Unpublished document: Borlase, W. 1740. Parochial Memoranda. MS At RIC.
[3]SCO4757 - Cartographic materials: Tithe Award Map and Apportionment. 1840. Camborne.
[4]SCO4046 - Cartographic materials: Ordnance Survey. 1810-13. 1st Edition OS 1 Inch:1 Mile Map.
[5]SCO2892 - Bibliographic reference: Borlase, WC. 1872. Naenia Cornubiae. 24-26.
[6]SCO4139 - Bibliographic reference: Polsue, J (Editor). 1867-72. Lake's Parochial History of Cornwall. VOL 1, 188.
[7]SCO3881 - Bibliographic reference: Lukis, WC & Borlase, WC. 1885. Prehistoric Stone Monuments: Cornwall.
[8]SCO3503 - Unpublished document: Henderson, C. 1914. Notebooks of Parochial Antiquities. MS At RIC. VOL II, 284-292.
[9]SCO3204 - Bibliographic reference: Daniel, GE. 1950. The Prehistoric Chamber Tombs of England and Wales. 17, 52, 173, 239.
[10]SCO4599 - Article in serial: Thomas, AC. 1970. Camborne Checklist. CA No 9. VOL 9, 136.
[11]SCO2777 - Bibliographic reference: Barnatt, J. 1982. Prehistoric Cornwall: The Ceremonial Monuments. 44-46, 52, 104, 135-136, 246.
[12]SCO23806 - Cornwall Event Report: Preston-Jones, A with Rose, Nowakpwski, J & Dodd, L. 2011. Carwynnen Quoit, Camborne, Cornwall - Archaeological recording and proposal fpr restoration.
[13]SCO26020 - Cornwall Event Report: Gossip, J, with Nowakowski, J. 2012. Discovering Carwynnen Quoit, Camborne, Cornwall: Archaeological Excavation - interim summary - September 2012.
[14]SCO25106 - Personal communication: Pers. Comm.. Site visit by Linda King 02/11/2014 - see photos in Resources.

Associated Finds

  • FCO272 - PLANO CONVEX KNIFE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2501 BC)

Associated Events

  • ECO3193 - Carwynnen Quoit (Ref: 2008202)
  • ECO4124 - Discovering Carwynnen Quoit, Camborne (Ref: 146181)

Related records: none recorded

Images

No image caption available  © Cornwall Council

No image caption available © Cornwall Council

No image caption available  © Cornwall Council

No image caption available © Cornwall Council

No image caption available  © Cornwall Council

No image caption available © Cornwall Council

No image caption available  © Cornwall Council

No image caption available © Cornwall Council