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HER Number:7294.01
Name:KING CHARLES CASTLE - Post Medieval fortification

Summary

An irregular bastion fortification added to King Charles Castle during the Civil War.

Grid Reference:SV 8827 1615
Parish:Tresco, Tresco, Isles of Scilly
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument 15411: KING CHARLES' CASTLE MID-16TH CENTURY ARTILLERY CASTLE AND CIVIL WAR EARTHEN ARTILLERY DEFENCE ON WESTERN CASTLE DOWN, TRESCO

Other References/Statuses

  • National Mapping Programme (Morph No.): 2037.3.1
  • OS No. (OS Quarter-sheet and OS No.): SV81NE 25
  • Primary Record No. (1985-2009): 7294.01
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)
  • SMR No. (OS Quarter-sheet and SMR No.): SV81NE 28

Monument Types

Full description

During the Civil War an irregular bastion fortification was added to King Charles Castle (7294). It consists of a rampart and ditch with one bastion and a demi-bastion to provide flanking fire. It was intended to protect the castle from landward attack (b3). The bank is on average 1.3m high externally by 0.5m internally, with an outer ditch, 0.3m deep on the north and east sides (h2). During the clearance of debris and partial excavation in 1954 (h1) pottery of this period was found together with a C16 or C17 bronze buckle. Borlase records that after its final desertion, masonry from the castle was used in the building of Cromwell's Castle (7354) (b4). In 1988 (h3) the earthwork was found to be as described by the OS. The plan was sub-rectangular, approx 55m E-W by 40m N-S internally, with bastions averaging 10m by 4.0m internally projecting from the corners. The average width of the bank was 4.3m, and of the ditch outside 3.0m. The bank was of earth and stone, incorporating natural rock where it joined the NW side of King Charles Castle. The entrance was to the south where it joined the SE side of the castle, but was not well defined (h3). The monument was placed in Guardianship on 11/5/1950 and inclusion in the Schedule was confirmed on 9/10/1981. Scheduling was amended on 1/4/1994 and revised on 14/2/1997 (b6). It is visible on aerial photographs (p1, p2) and was plotted as part of the NMP.

--------------------------------
Site history:
2: 1978. JGB/OS
3: 1988. PARKES, C/CAU
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OS, 197, OS/76/164 006-9/AX (Photographic Record). SCO15123.

<1> Ordnance Survey, 1970s, 1:10,000 OS Map (Cartographic materials). SCO4045.

<2> SAUNDERS, AD & MILES, TJ, 1970, UNKNOWN TITLE, VOL 4, 1-30 (Unedited Source). SCO8073.

CAU, 1987, CAU/F14/198/SV883164 (Photographic Record). SCO17027.

<3> O'Neil, BH St J, 1961, Isles of Scilly MOW Guide, 22-25, 32 (Bibliographic reference). SCO4042.

<4> Borlase, W, 1756, Observations on the Ancient and Present State of the Islands of Scilly, 46-47 (Bibliographic reference). SCO2883.

<5> DOE, 19--, Listed Building Description (original DOE), 1954, 17 (Bibliographic reference). SCO5173.

Sources / Further Reading

[p1]SCO15123 - Photographic Record: OS. 197. OS/76/164 006-9/AX.
[1]SCO4045 - Cartographic materials: Ordnance Survey. 1970s. 1:10,000 OS Map.
[p2]SCO17027 - Photographic Record: CAU. 1987. CAU/F14/198/SV883164. ABP.
[2]SCO8073 - Unedited Source: SAUNDERS, AD & MILES, TJ. 1970. UNKNOWN TITLE. POST MEDIEVAL ARCHAEOLOGY. VOL 4, 1-30.
[3]SCO4042 - Bibliographic reference: O'Neil, BH St J. 1961. Isles of Scilly MOW Guide. 22-25, 32.
[4]SCO2883 - Bibliographic reference: Borlase, W. 1756. Observations on the Ancient and Present State of the Islands of Scilly. 46-47.
[5]SCO5173 - Bibliographic reference: DOE. 19--. Listed Building Description (original DOE). Listing "Greenbacks". 1954, 17.

Associated Finds

  • FCO4915 - BUCKLE (Civil War (1642 to 1651) - 1642 AD to 1651 AD)
  • FCO4914 - SHERD (Civil War (1642 to 1651) - 1642 AD to 1651 AD)

Associated Events: none recorded

Related records

7294Part of: KING CHARLES CASTLE - Post Medieval castle (Building)

Images

No image caption available  © Cornwall Council

No image caption available © Cornwall Council

No image caption available  © Cornwall Council

No image caption available © Cornwall Council