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HER Number:29786
Name:BALLOWALL - Bronze Age entrance grave, Bronze Age cist

Summary

Ballowall Barrow (or Carn Gluze) consists of a central domed structure, containing cists and with a pit beneath, surrounded by an outer cairn also containing cists. An entrance grave is located in the external side of the outer cairn.

Grid Reference:SW 3552 3125
Parish:St Just, Penwith, Cornwall
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument 15410: THE BALLOWALL BARROW INCORPORATING ENTRANCE GRAVE, CAIRN, RITUAL PITS AND CISTS 420M WSW OF BOLLOWAL FARM

Other References/Statuses

  • National Mapping Programme (Morph No.): 322.22.1
  • OS No. (OS Quarter-sheet and OS No.): SW33SE 24
  • Primary Record No. (1985-2009): 29786
  • SMR No. (OS Quarter-sheet and SMR No.): SW33SE 122

Monument Types

Full description

Ballowall Barrow (or Carn Gluze Barrow) is marked as a chambered cairn on current OS maps (b11). This site was discovered under mining debris in 1878 and was excavated by WC Borlase (b1,b2,b3). The monument consists of a central domed structure, containing cists and with a pit beneath, surrounded by an outer cairn also containing cists. An entrance grave is located in the external side of the outer cairn.

After excavation, Borlase conserved the mound structure to display the more prominent features. This involved building a new retaining wall which has changed the appearance of the outer mound from a round cairn to a ring cairn. Interpretation of the sequence of the site is problematic, due to the patchy antiquarian excavation records and from the restoration.

Sharpe's survey (h5) and report of 1990 (b13) re-assesses the excavation record and provides alternative sequences of mound construction, postulated in the light of recent studies of entrance graves and barrows. One of the cists found within the central part of the mound was a double cist, formed with a cental granite dividing stone. Pottery finds (29786. 01) included a stone spindle whorl (or possibly a large bead), animal and human bones.

The monument was included in the Schedule on 10/8/1923 and the scheduling was updated on 22/2/1996. The site is visible on aerial photographs (p1-3) and was plotted as part of the NMP.

--------------------------------
Site history:
h1: 1960. GEARY, E / OS
h2: 1975. FLETCHER, MJ / OS
h3: 1981. SHEPPARD, PA / DOE
h4: 1985. SHEPPARD, PA / DOE
h5: 1989. SHARPE, A AND NOWAKOWSKI, J / CAU
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<b1> Borlase, WC, 1878, The Athenaeum, 21/9/1878, 375 (Bibliographic reference). SCO2894.


<p1> CAU, 198, F6, 59 (Photographic Record). SCO16724.


<b2> Borlase, WC, 1878, Archaeological Discoveries in the Parishes of St Just-in-Penwith and Sennen, VOL VI, 195-201, PLS 194, 198, 206 (Article in serial). SCO5166.


<p2> CAU, 198, F6, 65 (Photographic Record). SCO16725.


<b3> BORLASE, WC, 1881, UNKNOWN TITLE, XLIX, 189-194, PLAN 190 (Unedited Source). SCO6373.


<p3> CAU, 1988, F15, 41 (Photographic Record). SCO17134.


<b4> Borlase, WC, 1882, Laregan Museum List (Unpublished document). SCO2891.


<b5> Lukis, WC & Borlase, WC, 1885, Prehistoric Stone Monuments: Cornwall, VOL 6, 24, PL XVI (Bibliographic reference). SCO3881.


<b6> Page, W (Editor), 1906, Victoria History of the County of Cornwall, VOL I, 359, 361, 362, PL 360 (Bibliographic reference). SCO4068.


<b7> Hencken, HO, 1932, The Archaeology of Cornwall and Scilly, 40-42, 95, 299, 313, PLAN 41, PL VI (Bibliographic reference). SCO3489.


<b8> Patchett, FM, 1946, Cornish Bronze Age Pottery, Part I, VOL CI, 17-49 (Article in serial). SCO4087.


<b9> Patchett, FM, 1952, Cornish Bronze Age Pottery, Part II, VOL CVII, 44-65 (Article in serial). SCO4088.


<b10> Fox, A, 1964, South West England, 52-54, 233, PLS 7, 8 (Bibliographic reference). SCO3332.


<b11> Ordnance Survey, 1970s, 1:10,000 OS Map (Cartographic materials). SCO4045.


<b12> Barnatt, J, 1982, Prehistoric Cornwall: The Ceremonial Monuments, 46, 49-50, 150-154, 246 (Bibliographic reference). SCO2777.


<b13> Sharpe, A, 1990, Ballowall Barrow at Carn Gluze, St. Just-in-Penwith, Cornwall: a new survey and re-assessment (Cornwall Event Report). SCO2059.


<b14> Cornwall Council, 2017, Distinctiveness Assessment and Evaluation (Report). SCO27790.

Sources / Further Reading

[p1]SCO16724 - Photographic Record: CAU. 198. F6, 59.
[b1]SCO2894 - Bibliographic reference: Borlase, WC. 1878. The Athenaeum. 21/9/1878, 375.
[p2]SCO16725 - Photographic Record: CAU. 198. F6, 65.
[b2]SCO5166 - Article in serial: Borlase, WC. 1878. Archaeological Discoveries in the Parishes of St Just-in-Penwith and Sennen. JRIC Vol 6. VOL VI, 195-201, PLS 194, 198, 206.
[p3]SCO17134 - Photographic Record: CAU. 1988. F15, 41.
[b3]SCO6373 - Unedited Source: BORLASE, WC. 1881. UNKNOWN TITLE. ARCHAEOLOGY. XLIX, 189-194, PLAN 190.
[b4]SCO2891 - Unpublished document: Borlase, WC. 1882. Laregan Museum List. MS At RIC.
[b5]SCO3881 - Bibliographic reference: Lukis, WC & Borlase, WC. 1885. Prehistoric Stone Monuments: Cornwall. VOL 6, 24, PL XVI.
[b6]SCO4068 - Bibliographic reference: Page, W (Editor). 1906. Victoria History of the County of Cornwall. Page, W. VOL I, 359, 361, 362, PL 360.
[b7]SCO3489 - Bibliographic reference: Hencken, HO. 1932. The Archaeology of Cornwall and Scilly. 40-42, 95, 299, 313, PLAN 41, PL VI.
[b8]SCO4087 - Article in serial: Patchett, FM. 1946. Cornish Bronze Age Pottery, Part I. Archaeological Journal, Vol 101. VOL CI, 17-49.
[b9]SCO4088 - Article in serial: Patchett, FM. 1952. Cornish Bronze Age Pottery, Part II. Archaeological Journal, Vol 107. VOL CVII, 44-65.
[b10]SCO3332 - Bibliographic reference: Fox, A. 1964. South West England. 52-54, 233, PLS 7, 8.
[b11]SCO4045 - Cartographic materials: Ordnance Survey. 1970s. 1:10,000 OS Map.
[b12]SCO2777 - Bibliographic reference: Barnatt, J. 1982. Prehistoric Cornwall: The Ceremonial Monuments. 46, 49-50, 150-154, 246.
[b13]SCO2059 - Cornwall Event Report: Sharpe, A. 1990. Ballowall Barrow at Carn Gluze, St. Just-in-Penwith, Cornwall: a new survey and re-assessment.
[b14]SCO27790 - Report: Cornwall Council. 2017. Distinctiveness Assessment and Evaluation. Devon and Cornwall.

Associated Finds

  • FCO3821 - ANIMAL REMAINS (Bronze Age - 2500 BC to 801 BC)
  • FCO3820 - BEAD (Bronze Age - 2500 BC to 801 BC)
  • FCO3015 - HUMAN REMAINS (Bronze Age - 2500 BC to 801 BC)
  • FCO3014 - SPINDLE WHORL (Bronze Age - 2500 BC to 801 BC)

Associated Events: none recorded

Related records

29786.01Parent of: BALLOWALL - Bronze Age findspot (Find Spot)
29786.02Parent of: BALLOWALL - Prehistoric findspot (Find Spot)

Images

BALLOWAL  © Cornwall Council

BALLOWAL © Cornwall Council

BOSWEDDEN  © Cornwall Council

BOSWEDDEN © Cornwall Council

BOSWEDDEN  © Cornwall Council

BOSWEDDEN © Cornwall Council

BOSWEDDEN  © Cornwall Council

BOSWEDDEN © Cornwall Council