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HER Number:105409
Name:ANJARDEN CROSS - Medieval cross

Summary

The cross now standing on the hedge between Sancreed churchyard and the new burial ground came originally from Anjarden.

Grid Reference:SW 4203 2932
Parish:Sancreed, Penwith, Cornwall
Map:Show location on Streetmap

Protected Status

  • Conservation Area: SANCREED CHURCHTOWN
  • Scheduled Monument 29213: WAYSIDE CROSS IN SANCREED CHURCHYARD, 20M SOUTH EAST OF THE CHURCH
  • Listed Building (II) 69832: CROSS AT APPROXIMATELY 25 METRES SOUTH EAST OF CHURCH OF ST CREDAN

Other References/Statuses

  • OS No. (OS Quarter-sheet and OS No.): SW42NW 15
  • Primary Record No. (1985-2009): 105409
  • SMR No. (OS Quarter-sheet and SMR No.): SW42NW 33

Monument Type(s):

  • CROSS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Full description

The cross now standing on the hedge between Sancreed churchyard and the new burial ground came originally from Anjarden (b1). The cross is 2ft 2in (0.66m) high, width of head 1ft 10.5in (0.57m), width of shaft 11.5in (0.29m), and thickness 5in (0.13m) (b2). It is round headed, with an equal arm cross in relief on each side (b3). One side has traces of beading (b1). The monument was included in the Schedule on 27/10/1967 and the scheduling updated on 12/11/1996.
During restoration works undertaken by the HES in 2004 (b9) Anjarden Cross was lifted from the hedge in which it had been set and placed in a new base in exactly the same location. The work revealed the fact that the cross, originally of 12th or 13th century date, may have been re-cut in the later part of the medieval period.

--------------------------------
Site history:
1: 1960. OS
2: 1967. SAUNDERS / DOE
3: 1980. SHEPPARD / DOE
4: 1982. SHEPPARD / DOE
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Preston-Jones, A, 2004, Sancreed Churchyard, Cornwall. Repair and restoration of medieval granite wayside crosses (Cornwall Event Report). SCO1447.

<1> Henderson, C, 1914, Notebooks of Parochial Antiquities, VOL I, 26 (Unpublished document). SCO3503.

<2> Langdon, AG, 1896, Old Cornish Crosses, 91 (Bibliographic reference). SCO3820.

<3> DOE, 19--, Scheduled Monument Description (Bibliographic reference). SCO5199.

<4> Blight, JT, 1872, Ancient Crosses and Other Antiquities of Cornwall, 785 (Bibliographic reference). SCO2864.

<6> Tithe Award, 1843, Sancreed, FIELD NOS 4546, 447 (Bibliographic reference). SCO4852.

<7> Russell, V, 1971, West Penwith Survey, 90 (Bibliographic reference). SCO4314.

<8> Langdon, A, 1997, Stone Crosses in West Penwith, 55, NO 83 (Bibliographic reference). SCO3819.

<9> Tithe Award, 1840s, St Mawgan in Pydar (Bibliographic reference). SCO4902.

Sources / Further Reading

---SCO1447 - Cornwall Event Report: Preston-Jones, A. 2004. Sancreed Churchyard, Cornwall. Repair and restoration of medieval granite wayside crosses.
[1]SCO3503 - Unpublished document: Henderson, C. 1914. Notebooks of Parochial Antiquities. MS At RIC. VOL I, 26.
[2]SCO3820 - Bibliographic reference: Langdon, AG. 1896. Old Cornish Crosses. 91.
[3]SCO5199 - Bibliographic reference: DOE. 19--. Scheduled Monument Description. HBMC / English Heritage, Copy at CAU.
[4]SCO2864 - Bibliographic reference: Blight, JT. 1872. Ancient Crosses and Other Antiquities of Cornwall. 785.
[6]SCO4852 - Bibliographic reference: Tithe Award. 1843. Sancreed. FIELD NOS 4546, 447.
[7]SCO4314 - Bibliographic reference: Russell, V. 1971. West Penwith Survey. 90.
[8]SCO3819 - Bibliographic reference: Langdon, A. 1997. Stone Crosses in West Penwith. 55, NO 83.
[9]SCO4902 - Bibliographic reference: Tithe Award. 1840s. St Mawgan in Pydar.

Associated Finds

  • FCO166 - UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Events

  • ECO1499 - SM Management: Sancreed Churchyard

Related records: none recorded