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HER Number:MDV10043
Name:Enclosures and Field System Near Pond Farm


Numerous enclosures and linear features in this area are visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs taken between 1959 and 1999. One has been dated to the late-2nd century, although others may be of an earlier or later date. Some elements had been destroyed by a road cutting before summer 1975.


Grid Reference:SX 921 884
Map Sheet:SX98NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishExminster
Ecclesiastical ParishEXMINSTER

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 447911
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX98NW/31
  • Old SAM County Ref: 985

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Early Bronze Age to Late Medieval - 2200 BC to 1539 AD (Between))
  • FIELD SYSTEM (Early Bronze Age to Late Medieval - 2200 BC to 1539 AD (Between))
  • ENCLOSED SETTLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD (Between))

Full description

Jarvis, K., Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV23188.

One enclosure was excavated by trial trenching but revealed no interior roman features. Enclosure ditches not defensive.2nd century pot and tile. Cropmark photo shows another enclosure to south of that excavated. Rectangular with an area of about 0.25 hectares with at least two entrances. There are several circular and one rectangular cropmarks and others suggest field boundaries, round huts, pits and ditches. Site partly destroyed by motorway (jarvis).

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, Untitled Source (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV24.

Vis=22/9/1982 (os) nothing seen on ground.

DPRFP, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV262469.

Vis=3/2/1987 (robinson) nothing visible on site of ring ditch, or s enclosure. E enclosure lies in faint terrace in gentle e slope (dprfp).

AM, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV310948.

Vis=-/3/1976 (ancient monuments) enclosures ne of peamore cottage. One ring ditch and a series of rectangular enclosures. Recorded on aerial photographs as cropmarks (am).

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV310953.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV310954.

Jarvis, k. /pdas/34(1976)67-72 figs. Pl. /pond farm roman-british site, exminster.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV310955.


Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV310956.

Aph=cuc/zs 77,88-9,(6/7/1959)/zs 88 in smr.

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV310957.

Aph=dap/aj 5(29/6/1984).

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV310958.

Aph=dap/ar 6(3/7/1984).

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV310959.

Aph=dap/er 5,6,6a,7(13/6/1985).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV310960.

Griffith, f. /devon's past:an aerial view/(1988)47.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV310961.

Des=dprfp 1989(and photos j 15-17).

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV310962.

Aph=cuc/bts 48/52,61(3/7/1975)bts 50,52 in smr.

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV310963.

Aph=cuc/bui 16-19(18/7/1975)/buo 19 in smr.

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV310964.

Aph=dap/ve 28-33)26/6/1992).

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV310965.

Aph=dap/iv 9,9a/(10/7/1987).

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV310966.

Aph=dap/kl 1-2, 10-12/(26/5/1988).

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV310967.

Aph=dap/kw 2/(6/7/1988).

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV310968.

Aph=dap/qv 1,2/(28/5/1990).

BALKWILL, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV44259.

Pond farm complex. The cropmarks also show ridge and furrow, periglacial markings, boundary ditches and other linear marks (balkwill).

Griffith, F. M., Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV8774.

The site was found to be that of a romano-british farm, and a variety of enclosures, paddocks, etc can be seen. The circular enclosure by the road cutting may be earlier in date. The excavation at the time of the road construction was limited in extent, but produced a good assemblage of pottery to help to date the site. Now protected as an ancient monument. Its condition since 1984 remains stable (griffith).

Cambridge University, 1959, CUC/ZS, Devon County Council CUCAP ZS88 06-JUL-1959 (Aerial Photograph). SDV321048.

Numerous dark curvilinear, rectilinear and linear cropmarks are visible. Map object partly based on this source.

Royal Air Force, 1963, RAF/543/2332, RAF/543/2332 2F21 0102-0103 26-Jul-1963 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354847.

Numerous dark curvilinear, rectilinear and linear cropmarks are visible. Map object partly based on this source.

Get Mapping, 1999, GM/121/99, Devon County Council GetMapping/121/99 479-480 24-JUL-1999 (Aerial Photograph). SDV355055.

Some dark curvilinear, rectilinear and linear cropmarks are visible.

Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

Numerous enclosures and linear features probably part of a field system are visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs taken between 1959 and 1999. Irregular cropmarks of natural and geological origin have confused the pattern and in some cases have masked the archaeological features. These archaeological features have been recorded and described individually as MDV113011, MDV113013, MDV113014, MDV113016, MDV113017 and MDV112018. Cropmarks that formed over field boundaries removed since the Tithe Map have not been recorded. MDV10024 relates to the whole area of cropmarks including those of geological origin.

Devon County Council, 2019, Google Earth Aerial Photograph Pilot Project, GE92 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363341.

(SX 92186 88408) Cropmark complex north of Pond House. Cropmark Complex MDV10024, enclosures and field system MDV10043, rectilinear enclosures MDV113014 and MDV113016 and field system MDV113018 are visible on the 2018 Google Earth aerial photographs. Further linears may be evident. Bronze Age to Romano-British in date.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV23188Migrated Record: Jarvis, K..
SDV24Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. OSA. Card Index.
SDV262469Migrated Record: DPRFP.
SDV310948Report - Survey: AM.
SDV310953Aerial Photograph:
SDV310954Migrated Record:
SDV310955Migrated Record:
SDV310956Aerial Photograph:
SDV310957Aerial Photograph:
SDV310958Aerial Photograph:
SDV310959Aerial Photograph:
SDV310960Migrated Record:
SDV310961Migrated Record:
SDV310962Aerial Photograph:
SDV310963Aerial Photograph:
SDV310964Aerial Photograph:
SDV310965Aerial Photograph:
SDV310966Aerial Photograph:
SDV310967Aerial Photograph:
SDV310968Aerial Photograph:
SDV321048Aerial Photograph: Cambridge University. 1959. CUC/ZS. Cambridge University Collection of Aerial Photographs. Photograph (Paper). Devon County Council CUCAP ZS88 06-JUL-1959.
SDV354847Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1963. RAF/543/2332. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/543/2332 2F21 0102-0103 26-Jul-1963.
SDV355055Aerial Photograph: Get Mapping. 1999. GM/121/99. Get Mapping Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). Devon County Council GetMapping/121/99 479-480 24-JUL-1999.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV44259Migrated Record: BALKWILL.
SDV8774Migrated Record: Griffith, F. M..

Associated Monuments

MDV113017Parent of: Circular Ditched Enclosure Near Pond Farm (Monument)
MDV113018Parent of: Field System Near Pond Farm (Monument)
MDV113016Parent of: Rectilinear Enclosure Near Pond Farm (Monument)
MDV113014Parent of: Rectilinear Enclosure with Internal Features Near Pond Farm (Monument)
MDV113013Parent of: Ring Ditch Near Pond Farm (Monument)
MDV113011Parent of: Sub-Rectangular Enclosure Near Pond Farm (Monument)
MDV10024Related to: Cropmark Complex Near Pond Farm (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Apr 8 2020 10:30AM