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HER Number:MDV10220
Name:Bowl Barrow 320 metres north-east of Starved Oak Cross

Summary

The remains of a barrow of Bronze Age date were visible on aerial photographs and images derived from Lidar data as an earthwork mound to the south-west of Long Plantation, Brampford Speke. It is one of the largest and best-preserved examples in the Upton Pyne barrow group.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 914 990
Map Sheet:SX99NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBrampford Speke
Civil ParishUpton Pyne
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishUPTON PYNE
Ecclesiastical ParishBRAMPFORD SPEKE

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 448149
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX99NW/23
  • Old SAM County Ref: 248A
  • Old SAM Ref: 15017

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • BOWL BARROW (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

National Monuments Record, SX9198, 7, 15 (Aerial Photograph). SDV342817.


Devon County Council Photographic Unit, Untitled Source (Ground Photograph). SDV342824.


Kirwan, R., 1871, The Prehistoric Archaeology of East Devon, 641-7 (Article in Serial). SDV135842.


Parfitt, E., 1880, Exploration of Barrows in the Parish of Upton Pyne, 120 (Article in Serial). SDV341901.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1962 - 1980, SX99NW6 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV342813.

Visited on 26/07/1962. Bowl barrow crossed by hedgebank, spread on south side and northern half has been severely mutilated. Height 2.2 metres. No trace of ditch. Other details: Barrow A; plan, photograph.


Fox, A., 1969, The Upton Pyne Cemetery, 77 (Article in Serial). SDV341856.

Crossed by hedge bank and ploughed away on north edge.


Unknown, 1979, Brampford Speke Barrow 2 (Plan - measured). SDV348573.


Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology, 1979 - 1981, North Devon Barrow Survey (Archive - Survey). SDV341310.

Visited on 21/11/1979. The profile of the barrow north of the hedge shows the effects of ploughing. The diameter appears to be approximately 48 metres. The barrow has a flattened top and its outer edge is no longer distinct. Height to bottom of hedge bank 2 metres. Under grass. Other details: Survey Drawing (1:200) and Profile.


Pearce, S. M., 1981, The First Hunters and Farmers, 30-31 (Article in Monograph). SDV104349.

Other details: Figure 3.6.


Grinsell, L. V., 1983, The Barrows of South and East Devon, 29 (Article in Serial). SDV337013.

Situated on Upton Pyne boundary. In pasture, crossed by hedge bank, 40 metres in diameter, 1.8 metres high. Probably spread by former ploughing.


Department of Environment, 1991, Bowl Barrow 320 Metres North-East of Starved Oak Cross (Schedule Document). SDV342815.

One of the largest and best-preserved examples in the Upton Pyne barrow group, which comprises over 30 recorded barrows. This bowl barrow survives as an earthen mound, 40 metres in diameter and 2 metres high, though it has been markedly truncated by plough-damage across its north-west edge. The barrow stands on a gentle south-west-facing slope in the floor of an alluvial basin, and is crossed slightly north-west of its centre by a north-east to south-west hedge-bank separating two arable fields and followed by the Upton Pyne/Brampford Speke parish boundary. Other details: Map.


Coles, B. J., 1991, Untitled Source (Ground Photograph). SDV342821.


Miller, A., 1996, RCHME Aerial Photograph Primary Recording Project (Interpretation). SDV53184.

Aerial Photograph shows possible faint ring ditch. Other details: SX9198/7,15.


Environment Agency, 1998-2014, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution), LIDAR SX9199 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 30-SEP-2014 (Cartographic). SDV359177.

An earthwork mound was visible.


Horner, W., 2002, Bowl Barrow 320 Metres North-East of Starved Oak Cross (Personal Comment). SDV342820.

Visited on 06/02/2002. Barrow still prominent in arable field to south of hedge and beneath hedge, with marked reduction north of the hedge. Field on north side has been used for pigs.


Horner, W., 2002, Untitled Source (Ground Photograph). SDV342823.


National Monument Record, 2007, NMR 24517, NMR 24517/29-30 23-JAN-2007 (Aerial Photograph). SDV358056.

An earthwork mound was visible.


National Monuments Record, 2009, 448149 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV342825.

Two round barrows, seen as cropmarks. Other details: SX99NW 6.


English Heritage, 2009, Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West, 96 (Report - non-specific). SDV342694.

Extensive significant problems, i.e. under plough, collapse.


English Heritage, 2010, Heritage at Risk Register 2010: South West, 86 (Report - non-specific). SDV344777.

Condition declining, principal vulnerability arable ploughing.


English Heritage, 2011, Heritage at Risk Register 2011: South West, 88 (Report - non-specific). SDV355280.

Extensive significant problems i.e. under plough, collapse. Declining. Principal vulnerability arable ploughing.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

The remains of a barrow of Bronze Age date were visible on aerial photographs and images derived from Lidar data as an earthwork mound approximately 40 metres in diameter, just over 50 metres to the south-west of Long Plantation, Brampford Speke. A field boundary extends in a south-westerly direction from the plantation and crosses the mound just to the north-west of its centre. The earthwork has been reduced and its plan altered to the north-west of this boundary.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV104349Article in Monograph: Pearce, S. M.. 1981. The First Hunters and Farmers. Archaeology of the Devon Landscape. Paperback Volume. 30-31.
SDV135842Article in Serial: Kirwan, R.. 1871. The Prehistoric Archaeology of East Devon. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 4. Unknown. 641-7.
SDV337013Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1983. The Barrows of South and East Devon. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 41. Paperback Volume. 29.
SDV341310Archive - Survey: Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology. 1979 - 1981. North Devon Barrow Survey. Devon Barrow Survey. Digital + Mixed Archive Material.
SDV341856Article in Serial: Fox, A.. 1969. The Upton Pyne Cemetery. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 27. Paperback Volume. 77.
SDV341901Article in Serial: Parfitt, E.. 1880. Exploration of Barrows in the Parish of Upton Pyne. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 12. Unknown. 120.
SDV342694Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2009. Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West. English Heritage Report. A4 Bound +Digital. 96.
SDV342813Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1962 - 1980. SX99NW6. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV342815Schedule Document: Department of Environment. 1991. Bowl Barrow 320 Metres North-East of Starved Oak Cross. The Schedule of Monuments. A4 Stapled.
SDV342817Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. SX9198. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 7, 15.
SDV342820Personal Comment: Horner, W.. 2002. Bowl Barrow 320 Metres North-East of Starved Oak Cross.
SDV342821Ground Photograph: Coles, B. J.. 1991. Photograph (Paper).
SDV342823Ground Photograph: Horner, W.. 2002. Unknown.
SDV342824Ground Photograph: Devon County Council Photographic Unit. Slide.
SDV342825National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. 2009. 448149. National Monuments Record Index. Website.
SDV344777Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2010. Heritage at Risk Register 2010: South West. English Heritage Report. Digital. 86.
SDV348573Plan - measured: Unknown. 1979. Brampford Speke Barrow 2. Plan + Digital.
SDV355280Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2011. Heritage at Risk Register 2011: South West. english Heritage. Digital. 88.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV358056Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 2007. NMR 24517. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). NMR 24517/29-30 23-JAN-2007.
SDV359177Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2014. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX9199 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 30-SEP-2014. [Mapped feature: #61644 ]
SDV53184Interpretation: Miller, A.. 1996. RCHME Aerial Photograph Primary Recording Project. RCHME Aerial Photograph Primary Recording Project. Map (Paper).

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4415 - Devon Barrow Survey
  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Nov 24 2015 12:22PM