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HER Number:MDV102287
Name:A banked prehistoric oval enclosure, east of Parkham Cross

Summary

A double banked oval enclosure of probable later prehistoric date is visible as substantial earthworks on aerial photographs from 1946 to 1979. It has since been largely levelled by modern agricultural activity.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 397 220
Map Sheet:SS32SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishParkham
DistrictTorridge
Ecclesiastical ParishPARKHAM

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthworks of oval enclosure of probable late prehistoric origin, east of Parkham Cross
  • SHINE: Earthworks of oval enclosure of probable late prehistoric origin, east of Parkham Cross

Other References/Statuses

  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • OVAL ENCLOSURE (Early Iron Age to Roman - 700 BC to 409 AD)

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/158, DCC RAF/3G/TUD/UK/158 5102-5103 19-APR-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349143.

A double banked and ditched enclosure of probable later prehistoric date is visible. The ditch appears overgrown and is not clearly visible.


Meridian Airmaps Limited, 1966, MAL/66058, RAF MAL/66058 058-059 14-OCT-1966 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349065.

Earthwork banks and ditches defining an oval enclosure are visible. The ditch has been cleared and is clearly visible.


Ordnance Survey, 1978, OS/78038, NMR OS/78038 203 10-MAY-1978 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349082.

The enclosure is visible as low earthworks.


Ordnance Survey, 1979, OS/79010, NMR OS/79010 268-269 16-APR-1979 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349083.

The earthwork enclosure appears largely levelled by ploughing.


Ordnance Survey, 1987, OS/87053, NMR OS/87053 034-035 06-MAY-1987 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349085.

The earthwork enclosure appears levelled by ploughing.


Next Perspectives, 2002, Next Perspectives PGA Tile Ref:, Next Perspectives PGA Tile Ref: SS3922 01-SEP-2002 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349403.

The enclosure is visible only as very slight earthwork banks.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S., 2011 - 2012, North Devon Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV349018.

A double banked oval enclosure of probable later prehistoric date is visible as substantial earthworks on aerial photographs from 1946 to 1979, centred on circa SS39752208, east of Parkham Cross. The enclosure is situated in a commanding position, on a steep north-facing combe slope, overlooking the valley floor at the confluence of the River Yeo and a tributary flowing from the south.
The enclosure comprised an inner embanked rectilinear enclosure measuring circa 95 by 40 metres in size, an external ditch approximately 6 metres wide, enclosed by a second external bank. This outer bank is visible only on the southern half of the enclosure, the northern and eastern boundaries being absorbed into later field boundaries. The enclosure has been largely levelled by modern agricultural activity since 1979, although very slight earthworks remain visible on aerial photographs of 2002.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV349018Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S.. 2011 - 2012. North Devon Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. ACD383/2/1. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV349065Aerial Photograph: Meridian Airmaps Limited. 1966. MAL/66058. Meridian Airmaps Limited Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF MAL/66058 058-059 14-OCT-1966.
SDV349082Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1978. OS/78038. Ordnance Survey Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). NMR OS/78038 203 10-MAY-1978.
SDV349083Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1979. OS/79010. Ordnance Survey Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). NMR OS/79010 268-269 16-APR-1979.
SDV349085Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1987. OS/87053. Ordnance Survey Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). NMR OS/87053 034-035 06-MAY-1987.
SDV349143Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/3G/TUD/UK/158. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). DCC RAF/3G/TUD/UK/158 5102-5103 19-APR-1946.
SDV349403Aerial Photograph: Next Perspectives. 2002. Next Perspectives PGA Tile Ref:. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives PGA Tile Ref: SS3922 01-SEP-2002.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6132 - North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty NMP Project

Date Last Edited:Jun 2 2017 3:05PM