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HER Number:MDV102302
Name:Strip field earthworks north-west of Gilscott

Summary

An extensive relict strip-field field system of probable medieval date is visible on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards as numerous roughly parallel curvilinear earthworks to the north-west of Gilscott.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 386 241
Map Sheet:SS32SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishAlwington
DistrictTorridge
Ecclesiastical ParishALWINGTON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STRIP FIELD (Early Medieval to XXI - 1066 AD to 2009 AD)

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/158, DCC RAF/3G/TUD/UK/158 5034-5 19-APR-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349143.

Strip field boundaries are visible as low earthworks across 20 hectares of steep slope between Gilscott and the coastal cliffs to the north.


Royal Air Force, 1958, RAF 58/2553, NMR RAF/58/2553 PSFO-P2-0089-0090 SS3824/2-3 29-AUG-1958 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349117.

Strip field earthworks are clearly visible.


Meridian Airmaps Limited, 1967, MAL/67007, RAF MAL/67007 106-107 08-FEB-1967 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349066.

The strip field boudnary banks to the south of the field system are visible as earthworks.


Ordnance Survey, 1977, OS/77023, NMR OS/77023 040-042 19-MAY-1977 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349036.

The strip field boundaries are visible as a combination of earthwork banks and levelled earthworks.


Ordnance Survey, 1978, OS/78016, NMR OS/78016 071-073 16-APR-1978 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349080.

The strip field boundaries are visible as a combination of earthwork banks and levelled earthworks.


Ordnance Survey, 1978, OS/78017, NMR OS/78017 189-190 16-APR-1978 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349081.

The strip field boundaries are visible as a combination of earthwork banks and levelled earthworks.


Ordnance Survey, 1979, OS/79010, NMR OS/79010 148-149 16-APR-1979 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349083.

Many of the stripfield earthworks have been damaged or levelled, with some of the former boundaries visible only as cropmarks.


GetMapping, 1999, 089/99, Getmapping 088/99 0181-0182 11-JUL-1999 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349037.

The strip field boundary banks are almost completely levelled.


GetMapping, 1999, 089/99, Getmapping 088/99 0334-0335 11-JUL-1999 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349037.

The strip field boundary banks are almost completely levelled.


Next Perspectives, 2002, Next Perspectives PGA Tile Ref:, Next Perspectives PGA Tile Ref@SS3824 01-SEP-2002 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349406.

Low earthworks are visible.


Environment Agency, 2008, LiDAR data JPEG image (1 metre resolution), LIDAR SS3824 Environment Agency D0091164 10-FEB-2008 (Cartographic). SDV349374.

Low earthworks are visible on images derived from Lidar data.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S., 2011 - 2012, North Devon Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV349018.

An extensive relict strip-field field system of probable medieval date is visible on aerial photographs as numerous roughly parallel curvilinear earthworks covering 20 hectares of steep slope between Gilscott and the coastal cliffs to the north. The majority of the earthworks are aligned roughly north-west to south-east, crossing the contours of the coastal slopes at an oblique angle. Exceptions can be seen to the west of the field system where the earthworks crest a ridge into Peppercombe and change to a roughly south-west to north-east orientation. Further variation in the orientation of the earthworks can be seen towards the north-eastern edge of the visible earthworks, at circa SS 387242.
The strip field boundaries are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards. Some of the earthworks have suffered damage by 1979 and the majority appear to have been almost completely levelled by 1999, with areas of exceptional survival in areas of dense scrub growth around SS385243. Nonetheless, PGA aerial photography of 2002 and Lidar images acquired in 2008 reveal that a small number of boundaries survive as earthworks, particularly towards the north-eastern edge of the field system.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV349018Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S.. 2011 - 2012. North Devon Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. ACD383/2/1. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV349036Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1977. OS/77023. Ordnance Survey. Photograph (Paper). NMR OS/77023 040-042 19-MAY-1977.
SDV349037Aerial Photograph: GetMapping. 1999. 089/99. GetMapping Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). Getmapping 088/99 0334-0335 11-JUL-1999.
SDV349066Aerial Photograph: Meridian Airmaps Limited. 1967. MAL/67007. Meridian Airmaps Limited Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF MAL/67007 106-107 08-FEB-1967.
SDV349080Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1978. OS/78016. Ordnance Survey Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). NMR OS/78016 071-073 16-APR-1978.
SDV349081Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1978. OS/78017. Ordnance Survey Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). NMR OS/78017 189-190 16-APR-1978.
SDV349083Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1979. OS/79010. Ordnance Survey Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). NMR OS/79010 148-149 16-APR-1979.
SDV349117Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1958. RAF 58/2553. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). NMR RAF/58/2553 PSFO-P2-0089-0090 SS3824/2-3 29-AUG-1958.
SDV349143Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/3G/TUD/UK/158. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). DCC RAF/3G/TUD/UK/158 5034-5 19-APR-1946.
SDV349374Cartographic: Environment Agency. 2008. LiDAR data JPEG image (1 metre resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SS3824 Environment Agency D0091164 10-FEB-2008.
SDV349406Aerial Photograph: Next Perspectives. 2002. Next Perspectives PGA Tile Ref:. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives PGA Tile Ref@SS3824 01-SEP-2002.

Associated Monuments

MDV75126Related to: Strip Fields east of Gilscott, Alwington (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6132 - North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty NMP Project

Date Last Edited:Jun 21 2012 6:05PM