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HER Number:MDV10288
Name:Bowl Barrow South-East of Stevenstone Farm

Summary

The westernmost of three barrows of Bronze Age date was visible as a low earthwork mound on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards and digital images derived from lidar data. The barrows are situated on a narrow saddle of land on a west-facing spur roughly equidistant between Starved Oak Cross and Great Oak Cross, Upton Pyne.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 911 992
Map Sheet:SX99NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishUpton Pyne
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishUPTON PYNE

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 99 NW 4
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX99NW/52
  • Old SAM County Ref: 26A
  • Old SAM Ref: 15016
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX99NW 4
  • Pastscape: 448139

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • BOWL BARROW (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Kirwan, R., 1871, The Prehistoric Archaeology of East Devon, 642-7 (Article in Serial). SDV135842.


Parfitt, E., 1880, 2nd Report of the Barrow Committee, 120 (Article in Serial). SDV343138.

When excavated produced Early Bronze Age cremation with dagger and beads.


Worth, R. H., 1902, 21st Report of the Barrow Committee, 122,131-2,140 (Article in Serial). SDV20971.


Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/1995, RAF/CPE/UK/1995 RS 2155-2156 13-APR-1947 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354842.

A mound was visible as a low earthwork and cropmark.


Ministry of Works, 1950, Three Barrows at Stevenstone (Schedule Document). SDV343135.

These three barrows have almost entirely disappeared having been levelled with the surrounding field and there are only the faintest indications of where they existed.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1962 - 1982, SX99NW4 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV343128.

Site visit 26/07/1962. These barrows are under crop, but are clearly visible though rather spread.
Site visit 09/02/1982. Barrow 'A' is now 33.0 metres diameter and 0.3 metres high. Other details: Plan, site A.


Fox, A., 1969, The Upton Pyne Cemetery, 77 (Article in Serial). SDV341856.

These barrows have been ploughed down to less than 1 foot high. Other details: Barrow 6.


Unknown, 1979, Upton Pyne Barrows 6, 7 and 8. Plan and Profile (Plan - measured). SDV348574.


Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology, 1979 - 1981, North Devon Barrow Survey (Archive - Survey). SDV341310.

Very ploughed down. Diameter 30-40 metres. Height approx.0.5 metres. Other details: Survey at 1:2000, plan and profile.


Grinsell, L. V., 1983, The Barrows of South and East Devon, 44 (Article in Serial). SDV337013.


Department of Environment, 1991, Bowl Barrow 300 Metres South-South-East of Stevenstone Farm (Schedule Document). SDV343141.

Bowl barrow which survives as a low mound, 34 metres in diameter and 0.5 metres high, in an arable field. Partial excavation in 1870 revealed a mound constructed in layers over a cremation burial accompanied by a copper-alloy dagger and several beads. This barrow is the westernmost of an east-west cluster of three barrows, locally called the `Three Barrows', spaced 10-25 metres apart along the south crest of a low ridge. Their position overlooks the centre of the area covered by the Upton Pyne barrow group, which comprises over 30 recorded barrows. Other details: Originally scheduled 10/11/1950.


Environment Agency, 1998-2014, LiDAR DSM data (1m resolution), LIDAR SX9199 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 30-SEP-2014 (Cartographic). SDV359178.

A mound was visible as a low and spread earthwork.


English Heritage, 2009, Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West, 98 (Report - non-specific). SDV342694.

Extensive significant problems, ie under plough, collapse. Principal vulnerability arable ploughing.


Next Perspectives, 2010, Aerial Photography for Great Britain, Next Perspectives PGA Imagery SX9199 22-MAY-2010 (Aerial Photograph). SDV356259.

A pale cropmark of a mound was visible.


English Heritage, 2010, Heritage at Risk Register 2010: South West, 90 (Report - non-specific). SDV344777.


English Heritage, 2011, Heritage at Risk Register 2011: South West, 84 (Report - non-specific). SDV355280.

Extensive significant problems, ie under plough, collapse. Principal vulnerability arable ploughing.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

The westernmost of three barrows of Bronze Age date was visible as a low earthwork mound and cropmark on aerial photographs and digital images derived from lidar data, on a narrow saddle of land on a west-facing spur to the south-east of Stevenstone Farm.
The barrow can be seen as a low earthwork mound on aerial photographs of 1947, but is less apparent as a pale cropmark than the two monuments immediately to the east at this date. Assessment of revisualised data derived from lidar surveys reveals that the earthwork remains of the barrow mound might be more widely spread than previously noted; the lidar data has been interpreted as revealing a low circular mound up to 35 metres in diameter.
A smaller pale cropmark up to circa 25 metres in diameter can be seen on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2010, possibly forming over the core of the levelled mound.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV135842Article in Serial: Kirwan, R.. 1871. The Prehistoric Archaeology of East Devon. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 4. Unknown. 642-7.
SDV20971Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1902. 21st Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 34. A5 Paperback + Digital. 122,131-2,140.
SDV337013Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1983. The Barrows of South and East Devon. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 41. Paperback Volume. 44.
SDV341310Archive - Survey: Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology. 1979 - 1981. North Devon Barrow Survey. Devon Barrow Survey. Digital + Mixed Archive Material.
SDV341856Article in Serial: Fox, A.. 1969. The Upton Pyne Cemetery. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 27. Paperback Volume. 77.
SDV342694Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2009. Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West. English Heritage Report. A4 Bound +Digital. 98.
SDV343128Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1962 - 1982. SX99NW4. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV343135Schedule Document: Ministry of Works. 1950. Three Barrows at Stevenstone. The Schedule of Monuments. Foolscap.
SDV343138Article in Serial: Parfitt, E.. 1880. 2nd Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 12. Unknown. 120.
SDV343141Schedule Document: Department of Environment. 1991. Bowl Barrow 300 Metres South-South-East of Stevenstone Farm. The Schedule of Monuments. A4 Stapled.
SDV344777Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2010. Heritage at Risk Register 2010: South West. English Heritage Report. Digital. 90.
SDV348574Plan - measured: Unknown. 1979. Upton Pyne Barrows 6, 7 and 8. Plan and Profile. Plan + Digital.
SDV354842Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/1995. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1995 RS 2155-2156 13-APR-1947.
SDV355280Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2011. Heritage at Risk Register 2011: South West. english Heritage. Digital. 84.
SDV356259Aerial Photograph: Next Perspectives. 2010. Aerial Photography for Great Britain. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives PGA Imagery SX9199 22-MAY-2010.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV359178Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2014. LiDAR DSM data (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX9199 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 30-SEP-2014. [Mapped feature: #62383 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV10224Related to: Bowl Barrow South East of Stevenstone Farm (Monument)
MDV10223Related to: Bowl Barrow South East of Stevenstone Farm, Upton Pyne (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Nov 27 2015 1:45PM