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HER Number:MDV10312
Name:Cadhay Manor House


Cadhay House. A quadrangular house of the early tudor period, built by john haydon of ottery st. Mary. The house, with its 'court of the sovereigns', has a late medieval timbered great hall roof, fine fireplaces, and moulded plasterwork of a later period (copeland).


Grid Reference:SY 089 962
Map Sheet:SY09NE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishOttery St. Mary
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishOTTERY ST.MARY

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SY09NE/3
  • Old Listed Building Ref (I): 397194

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • MANOR HOUSE (Early Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1750 AD (Between))

Full description

Unknown, Unknown (Migrated Record). SDV1416.

Illustrations of cadhay by swete (dro).

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, Untitled Source (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV24.

Vis=10/11/1953 (os) the majority of the building appears to be of 16th century date: the refaced w and n fronts contain the only sash windows. The alterations of the 18th century have not affected the tudor layout of the house (os).

COPELAND, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV33318.

Cadhay house. A quadrangular house of the early tudor period, built by john haydon of ottery st. Mary. The house, with its 'court of the sovereigns', has a late medieval timbered great hall roof, fine fireplaces, and moulded plasterwork of a later period (copeland).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV102179.

Des=cornish, rev. F. F. /notes on the church v [sic] parish of ottery st. Mary/(undated)56-7/(cited by nmr with no further reference).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV102180.

Des=anon (poss williams-poulett)/cadhay/(undated)/(pamphlet cited by nmr).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV102181.

Country life/33(1913)90-97; plans; illus.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV102182.

Arch j/30(1873)444.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV102183.

Anon/cadhay, devon/(undated)/in pf.

Delderfield, E., Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV58755.

John haydon married joan de cadhayes in 1527. Eighteen years later, they built cadhay manor house (1545). Entrance is on usual plan, with screens passage leading through house. Great hall on left, probably larger than now: it must have soared up to the open-timbered roof, for the floor above was not inserted until 1737. Massive fireplace of beer stone with arms of haydon & associated families. Fine coved ceiling. Inner courtyard known as 'court of sovereigns': surface of walls patterned with irregular checkering of sandstone and flint. Four statues of henry viii, one on each wall, added in 1617. Court built in three stages: north wing dates from 1420, e. & w. Wings from 1545, & the s. In 1600. Wide oak staircase, replacing original tudor one, leading to long gallery, running e. To w. , about 20m long & 2m wide, with alcove half way along. Three chimney pieces adorned with small carvings of head of grotesque little man with foliage protruding from mouth. Believed to be little green man of the woods, stemming from pagan superstition of fertility. Oak & chestnut roof, originally with hammer beams & curved braces, but insertion of floor necessitated cutting back woodwork. Bosses sawn off & uprights chipped to take plaster (delderfield).

ROGERS, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV7054.

Cadhay house is a large structure one mile north west of ottery. It is of quadrangular shape with an inner court and typical of the elizabethan era. The most striking feature is the inner court or 'court of kings'. The effigies of henry viii & his children are represented standing in enriched niches, one on each face of the quadrangle. The walls are dice-work, checkered courses of squared black flint and white stone. It has been modernised, but the repairs have been carried out in harmony as far as possible. There is a plate of the 'court of kings' facing p.233. There is a plate of cadhay house opposite p.225 (rogers).

COATE, 1958, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV102158.

John haydon, one of the original governors of the corporation of the church, owned cadhay as a sub-manor of ottery st. Mary, through his wife, joanna grenville. Little known of the original medieval house of the de cadehays. John haydon built the tudor house across the river from the old site, probably re-using stone taken from the college buildings destroyed after the dissolution (coate, 1958).

ANON., PSANHS, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV102159.

John hayden occupied cadhay house in the 16th century (warburton-cox). Cadhay is first mentioned in the reign of edward i. Present house built 1545-1587 but it contains traces of an older house (anon psanhs).

THURLEY, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV102161.

The arrangement of the kitchen at the w end of the great hall is cited as typical of royal and courtier houses of this period (thurley).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV102162.

Copeland, g. W. /tda/95(1963)22/proceedings at the 101st annual meeting.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV102163.

Rogers, w. H. H. /dcnq/19(1900-1901)236/haydon of woodbury and ottery st. Mary, etc. Devon.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV102164.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV102165.

Pevsner, n. /buildings of england: south devon/(1952)74.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV102166.

Anon/jbaa/18(1862)164-165/proceedings of baa.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV102167.

Anon/jbaa/33(1927)46/proceedings of congress of baa at exeter.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV102168.

Coate, m. /arch j. /114(1957)159-163.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV102169.

Des=delderfield, e. /western morning news/(29/9/1978).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV102170.

Des=scrapbook vol.5 p.24.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV102171.

Anon, /tda/67(1935)17/proceedings at the annual meeting.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV102172.

Coate, m. /tda/90(1958)20/the corporation of the church of st. Mary, ottery.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV102173.

Warburton-cox, a. F. /dcnq/22(1942-1946)176/enquiry into the origin of family of coxe alias coke(s) of the hundred of colyton.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV102174.

Anon/psanhs/65 part i(1919)37-38/cadhay house.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV102175.

Doe/hhr:ottery st. Mary ud/(11/1/1974)3-4.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV102176.

Dro=564m/9/5(illustrations by swete).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV102177.

Thurley, s. /jbaa/143(1990)1-28/the 16th c kitchens at hampton court.

Abrecht, J., 1989, Caddying at Cadhay?, 30-35 (Article in Serial). SDV102178.

Beart-abrecht, j. /devon life/279(1989)30-35/caddying at cadhay?/copy in pf.

Unknown, Unknown, Cadhay (Ground Photograph). SDV358662.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV102158Migrated Record: COATE, 1958.
SDV102159Migrated Record: ANON., PSANHS.
SDV102161Migrated Record: THURLEY.
SDV102162Migrated Record:
SDV102163Migrated Record:
SDV102164Migrated Record:
SDV102165Migrated Record:
SDV102166Migrated Record:
SDV102167Migrated Record:
SDV102168Migrated Record:
SDV102169Migrated Record:
SDV102170Migrated Record:
SDV102171Migrated Record:
SDV102172Migrated Record:
SDV102173Migrated Record:
SDV102174Migrated Record:
SDV102175Migrated Record:
SDV102176Migrated Record:
SDV102177Migrated Record:
SDV102178Article in Serial: Abrecht, J.. 1989. Caddying at Cadhay?. Devon Life. 279. Newspaper/Magazine Cutting + Digital. 30-35.
SDV102179Migrated Record:
SDV102180Migrated Record:
SDV102181Migrated Record:
SDV102182Migrated Record:
SDV102183Migrated Record:
SDV1416Migrated Record: Unknown. Unknown. Devon Record Office Collection. Unknown.
SDV24Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV33318Migrated Record: COPELAND.
SDV358662Ground Photograph: Unknown. Unknown. Cadhay. Photograph (Paper) + Digital.
SDV58755Migrated Record: Delderfield, E..
SDV7054Migrated Record: ROGERS.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded

Date Last Edited:Jul 16 2015 2:19PM