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HER Number:MDV104074
Name:Chulmleigh War Memorial

Summary

Memorial to the fallen of World War I.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 687 141
Map Sheet:SS61SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishChulmleigh
DistrictNorth Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCHULMLEIGH

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • WAR MEMORIAL (World War I to XX - 1914 AD to 2000 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 2013, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV350786.

Shown but not marked.


Brine, M. E., 2013, War Memorials (Website). SDV351333.

Chulmleigh's 1914-1918 War Memorial stands in a small, well - kept garden just outside the Church gate and opposite the Globe Inn. It consists of a large carved stone Celtic cross above a four-sided block on which the names are carved. The whole is mounted on 3 rectangular stone blocks.


Historic England, 2017, Chulmleigh War Memorial, The Square, Chulmleigh, Devon (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV360307.

Notification that Chulmleigh War Memorial is being assessed for listing as part of Historic England's First
World War Commemoration project and have completed a consultation report upon which they will based their decision.
History
The aftermath of the First World War saw the biggest single wave of public commemoration
ever with tens of thousands of memorials erected across England. This was the result of both
the huge impact on communities of the loss of three quarters of a million British lives, and also
the official policy of not repatriating the dead which meant that the memorials provided the
main focus of the grief felt at this great loss.
One such memorial was raised at Chulmleigh as a permanent testament to the sacrifice made
by the members of the local community who lost their lives in the First World War. Various
options for a war memorial had been discussed in Chulmleigh, including improvements for
road safety and street-lighting, a new Town Hall, and a lych-gate for the church. The
participants in a public meeting held in November 1919 agreed that a memorial cross be
erected in the garden in The Square, in central Chulmleigh.
The Merrivale granite cross was supplied by Mr JT Miller (Art Memorial Works, Okehampton).
At a well-attended ecumenical service it was unveiled on 9 September 1920 by Lt-Col WP
Martin, and dedicated by Reverend A Murray, commemorating 28 local servicemen who died
in the First World War. Following the Second World War the names of the men who had died
in that conflict were added.
Details
The memorial cross stands in the garden within The Square, surrounded by a number of
Grade II-listed buildings, and The Church of St Mary Magdalene (Grade I). The c5m tall
granite wheel-head cross rises from a tapering pedestal, which stands on a three-stepped
base. The wheel-head is ornamented with small wheel crosses carved at the intersections of
the cross arms and circlet, whilst the cross shaft is demarcated into rough-hewn panels by
dressed horizontal lines and vertical borders.
The principal dedicatory inscription to the front (south) face of the pedestal reads TO THE
GLORY OF GOD/ AND IN GRATEFUL MEMORY OF/ THE MEN OF CHULMLEIGH/ WHO
GAVE THEIR LIVES FOR KING/ AND COUNTRY IN THE GREAT WAR/ 1914 – 1918/ AND
1939 – 1945/ (NAMES). The First World War names are listed on either side of the pedestal,
whilst the rear (north) face is inscribed "GREATER LOVE HATH NO MAN/ THAN THIS, THAT
A MAN LAY/ DOWN HIS LIFE FOR HIS FRIENDS."
The garden is enclosed by a brick-capped stone wall, carrying plain railings with simple
backstays with curled tops at each standard. The entrance is in the short north wall.


Historic England, 2017, Chulmleigh War Memorial, The Square, Chulmleigh, Devon (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV360356.


Historic England, 2017, National Heritage List for England, 1449424 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359963.

Summary of Building
First World War memorial, unveiled 1920, with later additions for the Second World War..
Reasons for Designation
Chulmleigh War Memorial, which stands in The Square, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
Historic interest:
* As an eloquent witness to the tragic impact of world events on this local community, and the sacrifice it made in the conflicts of the C20. Architectural interest:
* As an imposing wheel-head cross in the Celtic style, in a local granite.
Group value: with the Church of St Mary Magdalene (Grade I) and numerous Grade II-listed buildings surrounding The Square.
History
The aftermath of the First World War saw the biggest single wave of public commemoration ever with tens of thousands of memorials erected across England. This was the result of both the huge impact on communities of the loss of three quarters of a million British lives, and also the official policy of not repatriating the dead which meant that the memorials provided the main focus of the grief felt at this great loss.
One such memorial was raised at Chulmleigh as a permanent testament to the sacrifice made by the members of the local community who lost their lives in the First World War. Various options for a war memorial had been discussed in Chulmleigh, including improvements for road safety and street-lighting, a new Town Hall, and a lych-gate for the church. The participants in a public meeting held in November 1919 agreed that a memorial cross be erected in the garden in The Square, in central Chulmleigh.
The Merrivale granite cross was supplied by Mr JT Miller (Art Memorial Works, Okehampton). At a well-attended ecumenical service it was unveiled on 9 September 1920 by Lt-Col WP Martin, and dedicated by Reverend A Murray, commemorating 28 local servicemen who died in the First World War. Following the Second World War, the names of the men who had died in that conflict were added.
Details
MATERIALS: granite.
DESCRIPTION: the memorial cross stands in the garden within The Square, surrounded by a number of Grade II-listed buildings, and The Church of St Mary Magdalene (Grade I). The tall granite wheel-head cross rises from a tapering pedestal, and is about 5m tall. It stands on a three-stepped base. The wheel-head is ornamented with small wheel crosses carved at the intersections of the cross arms and circlet, whilst the cross shaft is demarcated into rough-hewn panels by dressed horizontal lines and vertical borders.
INSCRIPTION: the principal dedicatory inscription to the front (south) face of the pedestal reads: TO THE GLORY OF GOD/ AND IN GRATEFUL MEMORY OF/ THE MEN OF CHULMLEIGH/ WHO GAVE THEIR LIVES FOR KING/ AND COUNTRY IN THE GREAT WAR/ 1914 – 1918/ AND 1939 – 1945/ (NAMES). The First World War names are listed on either side of the pedestal, whilst the rear (north) face is inscribed: "GREATER LOVE HATH NO MAN/ THAN THIS, THAT A MAN LAY/ DOWN HIS LIFE FOR HIS FRIENDS."
The garden is enclosed by a brick-capped stone wall, carrying plain railings with simple backstays with curled tops at each standard. The entrance is in the short north wall.
Date first listed: 24th August 2017

Sources / Further Reading

SDV350786Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2013. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #63543 ]
SDV351333Website: Brine, M. E.. 2013. War Memorials. http://www.devonheritage.org/WarMemorials.htm. Website.
SDV359963National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2017. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. 1449424.
SDV360307List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Historic England. 2017. Chulmleigh War Memorial, The Square, Chulmleigh, Devon. Notification of Completion of Assessment. Digital.
SDV360356List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Historic England. 2017. Chulmleigh War Memorial, The Square, Chulmleigh, Devon. Notification of Addition to List. Digital.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Sep 15 2017 9:41AM