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HER Number:MDV1058
Name:Cross west of St Peter's Church, North Tawton

Summary

Medieval market cross to the west of St Peter's parish church in North Tawton which formerly stood in the middle of the town and was removed in 1887 to make way for a the clock tower.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 664 017
Map Sheet:SS60SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishNorth Tawton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishNORTH TAWTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS60SE/13
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II): 92976
  • Old SAM Ref: 27315
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SS60SE14

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CROSS (XIII to XV - 1300 AD to 1500 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Not shown on 19th century map.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

'Stone' shown on early 20th century map on the west side of the path to the west of the church.


Masson Phillips, E. N., 1937, The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I, 333 (Article in Serial). SDV240502.

Cross in the churchyard. Type B. A square socket-stone supports a slightly tapering octagonal shaft without head or arms. Originally the market cross and formerly stood in the middle of the town, being removed in 1887 to make way for a jubilee clock tower.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1952 - 1977, SS60SE14 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV345275.

Remains of a market cross in North Tawton churchyard. Shaft height 1.5 metres, socket stone length and width 1.0 metre. Other details: Photograph.


Williams, H. F. F., 1954, North Tawton: A Devon Market Town, 124 (Article in Serial). SDV224896.


Masson Phillips, E. N., 1984, Supplementary Notes on the Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon (Seventh Paper) (Article in Serial). SDV345276.


Gerrard, H., 1994, 139515 (Un-published). SDV345277.

Displaced market cross shaft and socket stone stands 4 metres west of church tower. The cross is of a type common throughout Devon and thought to date to the 14th-15th century. Other details: Photograph in HER.


Department of Environment, 1995, Market Cross 4m west of North Tawton Church Tower (Schedule Document). SDV345278.

Market cross 4 metres west of North Tawton church tower. The monument includes a displaced market cross shaft and socket stone. The cross is of a type common throughout Devon and thought to date to the 14th to 15th centuries. The socket stone measures 0.97 metres square by 0.28 metres high and is deeply embedded into the ground. The shaft is octagonal in section, is 0.46 metres wide at the base, tapering to 0.29 metres wide at the top and is 2.04 metres high. There are several breaks in the shaft and these have all been repaired. In 1887 the cross was moved from its original location in the town square to make way for the Jubilee Clock Tower. This cross is Listed Grade II.


Exeter Archaeology, 2001, Archaeological Assessment of North Tawton Flood Defence Scheme, 12 (Report - Assessment). SDV319171.

Of national importance.


Watson, A., 2007-2017?, Devon Crosses, 325, (Vol 3), sketch (Un-published). SDV360833.

North Tawton Churchyard SS664017
A cross shaft stands in the churchyard, west of the church tower. A square socket stone supports a slightly tapering octagonal shaft without head or arms. It was originally the Market Cross and formerly stood in the middle of the town, being removed in 1887 to make way for a jubilee clock tower. Prior to 1887 the shaft was used as a lamp-post, carrying two lamps on a bar.
Shaft height 2.06 metres, base 0.43 by 0.43 metres. Socket stone 0.99 by 0.99 metres by 0.33 metres high.


English Heritage, 2010, Historic Houses Register (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV154869.

Churchyard cross Listed on 8th October 1987. Medieval. Cross with a tapering granite shaft with chamfered edges set in square socket stone, head and arms are missing. Moved to present site from the town square in 1887. Other details: LBS Number 92976.


Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.

'Cross (remains of)' shown on modern mapping.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV154869List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: English Heritage. 2010. Historic Houses Register. Historic Houses Register. Website.
SDV224896Article in Serial: Williams, H. F. F.. 1954. North Tawton: A Devon Market Town. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 86. A5 Hardback. 124.
SDV240502Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1937. The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 69. A5 Hardback. 333.
SDV319171Report - Assessment: Exeter Archaeology. 2001. Archaeological Assessment of North Tawton Flood Defence Scheme. Exeter Archaeology Report. 01.34. A4 Stapled + Digital. 12.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV344030Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #1916 ]
SDV345275Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1952 - 1977. SS60SE14. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV345276Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1984. Supplementary Notes on the Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon (Seventh Paper). Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 116. Paperback Volume.
SDV345277Un-published: Gerrard, H.. 1994. 139515. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Unknown.
SDV345278Schedule Document: Department of Environment. 1995. Market Cross 4m west of North Tawton Church Tower. The Schedule of Monuments. A4 Stapled.
SDV360833Un-published: Watson, A.. 2007-2017?. Devon Crosses. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. 325, (Vol 3), sketch.

Associated Monuments

MDV121335Related to: Possible cross shaft in churchyard, North Tawton (Monument)
MDV1060Related to: St Peter's Parish Church, North Tawton (Building)
MDV106965Related to: Stone in The Square, North Tawton (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Mar 14 2018 1:19PM