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HER Number:MDV106632
Name:Manners Memorial Cross and Peace Park Stone Plaque, Mount Pleasant, Clovelly

Summary

First World War memorial cross dedicated by Christine Hamlyn to her nephew Lt John Manners, Grenadier Guards, died 1914 and a memorial plaque marking the gift of the Peace Park by Christine Hamlyn to the National Trust as a war memorial.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 316 249
Map Sheet:SS32SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishClovelly
DistrictTorridge
Ecclesiastical ParishCLOVELLY

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • WAR MEMORIAL (World War I to XX - 1914 AD to 1921 AD (Between))

Full description

Bluesky, 2006 - 2007, Bluesky aerial photographs 2006 - 2007 (Aerial Photograph). SDV341189.

Map object based on this source.


Walls, S., 2010, The Materiality of Remembrance: Twentieth Century War Memorials in Devon, CLO01 (Post-Graduate Thesis). SDV355902.


Ordnance Survey, 2014, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV355681.

'War Memorial' shown. Map object based on this source.


Imperial War Museum, 2014, War Memorials Archive, 25898 (Website). SDV356253.

A white stone monument comprising a cross of octagonal cross-section on a battered and bevelled octagonal pedestal, a battered octagonal plinth and a circular base. The whole is mounted on a platform faced with large beach cobbles and resembling a circular wall. The inscription on the plinth 'TE DEUM/ LAUDAMUS' is in raised bold lettering. The circular base is decorated with an incised peacock and anti-clockwise around it is the inscription:
TO THE MEMORY OF JOHN MANNERS LIEUTENANT IN THE GRENADIER GUARDS THE DEARLY LOVED SON OF A DEARLY LOVED SISTER THIS/ CROSS IS DEDICATED BY CHRISTINE HAMLYN HE FELL IN COMBAT WITH THE GERMANS IN THE WOODLAND OF VILLERS COTTERETS FRANCE/ ON THE FIRST OF SEPTEMBER 1914 AND LIES WITH HIS COMRADES OF A DEVOTED REARGUARD AT PEACE IN THE SILENCE OF THE FOREST.


War Memorials Trust, 2014, War Memorials Online (Website). SDV355854.

Photograph shows the memorial and park.


Historic England, 2016, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV359353.

The Manners Memorial Cross and Peace Park Stone Plaque, Clovelly.
Summary of Building
First World War memorial cross to Lt John Manners, Grenadier Guards, and memorial plaque marking the gift of the Peace Park as a war memorial.
Reasons for Designation
The Manners Memorial Cross and the Peace Park Plaque, at Peace Park, Clovelly are listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons: * Historic interest: as an eloquent witness to the tragic impact of world events on this local community, and the sacrifices it made in the First World War; * Architectural interest: an imposing memorial cross standing in a prominent position, and with high quality lettering; * Historic association: the cross and plaque, contemporary with the park, mark Mrs Hamlyn’s war memorial gift to the National Trust..
History
The aftermath of the First World War saw the biggest single wave of public commemoration ever with tens of thousands of memorials erected across the country. This was the result of both the huge impact on communities of the loss of three quarters of a million British lives, and also the official policy of not repatriating the dead: therefore the memorials provided the main focus of the grief felt at this great loss.
The field known as Mount Pleasant, approximately one acre of ground above the village of Clovelly and overlooking the sea, was given to the National Trust by Mrs Christine Louisa Hamlyn on 17 August 1921 in memory of the men of Clovelly who fell in the First World War. The field was renamed the Peace Park and a memorial cross, dedicated to Mrs Hamlyn’s nephew The Honourable John Neville Manners, was erected on the hillside.
Lieutenant Manners had joined the Army in 1912. In August 1914 his battalion, 2nd Grenadier Guards, was sent to Belgium as part of the British Expeditionary Force. He died, aged 22, on 1 September that year in a rear-guard action at Villers-Cotterêts in which his platoon was covering infantry troops during the retreat from Mons. His name is recorded on the memorial at La Ferté-Sous-Jouarre.
Of the National Trust’s total land-holdings approximately one-fifth, some 50,000 hectares, has been given as a war memorial. Immediately after the First World War one of the Trust’s founders, Canon Hardwicke Rawnsley, led a call for open spaces to be given in commemoration of the tragic losses resulting from the conflict. Rawnsley had led the way when in 1915 he gifted the Trust land at Borrowdale that he named Peace How, referencing the peace that he hoped was to come. In addition to private gifts of areas of land the National Trust has bought property with money that was given for war memorial purposes, and was a major recipient of the National Land Fund that, following the Second World War, provided property to hold in perpetuity and open to the public as a memorial to the fallen of all conflicts. .
Details
The memorial cross stands on high ground in Peace Park, looking out to the sea to the east. It takes the form of a tall stone cross, octagonal in section, raised on a pedestal and deep four-stage base. The upper-most stage is an octagonal step; the stage below is a low circular drum; whilst the next stage is a deep, circular drum of coursed stone, the upper surface of which is finished with large beach pebbles. The whole stands on the lowest stage, a wide circular platform of coursed stone.
An inscription on the front face of the pedestal reads: TE DEUM/ LAUDAMUS. The principal dedicatory inscription incised around the upper-most drum reads: TO THE MEMORY OF JOHN MANNERS LIEUTENANT IN THE GRENADIER GUARDS THE DEARLY LOVED SON OF A DEARLY LOVED SISTER THIS/ CROSS IS DEDICATED BY CHRISTINE HAMLYN HE FELL IN COMBAT WITH THE GERMANS IN THE WOODLAND OF VILLERS COTTERETS FRANCE/ ON THE FIRST OF SEPTEMBER 1914 AND LIES WITH HIS COMRADES OF A DEVOTED REARGUARD AT PEACE IN THE SILENCE OF THE FOREST. The drum is decorated with an incised peacock.
SUBSIDIARY ITEM
A contemporary stone plaque set into a wall by the park entrance reads: MOUNT/ PLEASANT/ GIVEN TO THE/ NATIONAL TRUST BY/ CHRISTINE HAMLYN/ FOR THE USE OF THE/ PEOPLE OF/ CLOVELLY/ FOR ALL TIME/ IN MEMORY OF/ THOSE CONNECTED/ WITH THE PLACE/ WHO DIED IN THE/ GREAT WAR/ 1914-1918. .


Historic England, 2016, The Manners Memorial Cross and Peace Park Plaque, Clovelly, Peace
Park, Mount Pleasant, The Hobby Drive, Clovelly, Devon
(Correspondence). SDV359860.

Notification that the Manners Memorial Cross and the Peace Park Plaque are being assessed for listing as part of Historic England's First World War Commemoration project.


Historic England, 2016, The Manners Memorial Cross and Peace Park Stone Plaque, Clovelly,
Peace Park, Mount Pleasant, The Hobby Drive, Clovelly, Devon
(Correspondence). SDV359861.

Notification that the war memorial cross and plaque have been added to the List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest.
They were recommended for listing at Grade II for the following principal reasons.
Historic interest: as an eloquent witness to the tragic impact of world events on this local community, and the sacrifices it made in the First World War;
Architectural interest: an imposing memorial cross standing in a prominent position, and with high quality lettering;
Historic association: the cross and plaque, contemporary with the park, mark Mrs Hamlyn’s war memorial gift to the National Trust.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV341189Aerial Photograph: Bluesky. 2006 - 2007. Bluesky aerial photographs 2006 - 2007. Bluesky. Photograph (Digital).
SDV355681Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2014. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV355854Website: War Memorials Trust. 2014. War Memorials Online. http://www.warmemorialsonline.org.uk. Website.
SDV355902Post-Graduate Thesis: Walls, S.. 2010. The Materiality of Remembrance: Twentieth Century War Memorials in Devon. University of Exeter. Digital. CLO01.
SDV356253Website: Imperial War Museum. 2014. War Memorials Archive. www.ukniwm.org.uk. Website. 25898.
SDV359353National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2016. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
SDV359860Correspondence: Historic England. 2016. The Manners Memorial Cross and Peace Park Plaque, Clovelly, Peace Park, Mount Pleasant, The Hobby Drive, Clovelly, Devon. Notification of Consideration of Monument for Addition to List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest. Digital.
SDV359861Correspondence: Historic England. 2016. The Manners Memorial Cross and Peace Park Stone Plaque, Clovelly, Peace Park, Mount Pleasant, The Hobby Drive, Clovelly, Devon. Notification of Decision to Add Building to the List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV106631Part of: Clovelly Peace Park, Mount Pleasant (Park/Garden)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Nov 3 2016 9:24AM