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HER Number:MDV106976
Name:Downhouse Farm, Whitchurch

Summary

Farmstead dating to at least the early 16th century, based on documentary evidence. Tithe Map shows a farmhouse and three small buildings on the west and a barn and mowhay on the east of the farm. Farmhouse and two other buildings gone by the late 19th century.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 510 730
Map Sheet:SX57SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWhitchurch
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWHITCHURCH

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMSTEAD (XV to XVI - 1500 AD to 1518 AD (Between))

Full description

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

Depicted on the Tithe Map (882-883 on Apportionment). Downhouse: mowhay and barn, houses and yard. At this time, there was a farmhouse with three small associated buildings on the west, and two other buildings (mowhay and barn) on the east.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

On the late 19th century historic map, only two of the ancillary buildings surrounding the farmhouse remain, along with the two buildings on the east side of the farmstead (mowhay and barn from the Tithe Map).


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

By the early 20th century, only one small structure is depicted on the west, with the two eastern buildings.


Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M., 1931, The Place-Names of Devon: Part One, 248 (Monograph). SDV1312.

Downhouse is 'Donhous' and 'Downhowsen' in 1518-29 EPC (Early Chancery Proceedings).


Royal Air Force, 1946 - 1949, Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV342938.

Aerial photograph shows the three structures as they appear on the early 20th century historic map.


GetMapping, 1999 - 2000, Dartmoor 1999-2000 1:1250 Aerial Photography (digital) (Aerial Photograph). SDV345751.

The aerial photograph shows the newer buildings constructed by the mowhay and barn buildings to the east, and that the original structure remaining on the western side is ruined, or at least has no roof at this point.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

The most recent aerial photograph indicates that the western structure is back in use, having been re-roofed sometime between 2006 and 2010.


White, P., 2013, Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads (Un-published). SDV352501.

Included on list. No further detail provided.


Ordnance Survey, 2014, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV355681.

The site of one of the old buildings is depicted on the modern map, and the mowhay and barn buildings have been added to; two extra buildings are depicted here.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV1312Monograph: Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M.. 1931. The Place-Names of Devon: Part One. The Place-Names of Devon: Part One. VIII. A5 Hardback. 248.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV342938Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 - 1949. Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Digital).
SDV345751Aerial Photograph: GetMapping. 1999 - 2000. Dartmoor 1999-2000 1:1250 Aerial Photography (digital). Digital.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV352501Un-published: White, P.. 2013. Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads. Excel Spreadsheet.
SDV355681Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2014. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #66492 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV106980Parent of: Downhouse Farmhouse, Whitchurch (Building)
MDV124800Related to: Downhouse Farm (later site), Whitchurch (Monument)
MDV124797Related to: Downhouse, Whitchurch (Building)
MDV124795Related to: Possible ridge and furrow on Plaster Down (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jan 22 2019 12:15PM