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HER Number:MDV107640
Name:Orchard Banks North-West of Lower Westbrook Cottages

Summary

Orchard tree planting banks of probable post medieval to 19th century date were visible as earthwork banks to the north-west of Lower Westbrook Cottages on aerial photographs of the 1940s and 1960s. The earthworks were not visible on more recent aerial photographs and had probably been levelled.

Location

Grid Reference:ST 017 045
Map Sheet:ST00SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishCullompton
DistrictMid Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCULLOMPTON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval to XX - 1540 AD to 1967 AD (Between))

Full description

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

The earthwork banks correspond in part to boundaries depicted on the Tithe Map for Cullompton.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The earthwork banks correspond with an orchard depicted on the Ordnance Survey first edition 25 inch map.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1823, RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3305-3306 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354994.

Narrow parallel earthwork banks are visible.


BKS Surveys Ltd, 1967, BKS/2822, BKS/2822 V 2928-2929 14-MAR-1967 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354836.

Narrow parallel earthwork banks are visible.


Environment Agency, 1998-2012, LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution) (Cartographic). SDV357034.

The earthwork banks do not correspond to boundaries depicted on the Ordnance Survey first edition map.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

Evidence of two removed field boundaries of possible medieval origin can be seen as broad but shallow earthwork ditches to the north of Clanbrook Farm on aerial photographs of 1947.
The northernmost earthwork correspond to a field boundary depicted on the Tithe Map for Cullompton but not on the Ordnance Survey first edition 25inch map, and was therefore probably removed between the 1840s and 1890s. The southernmost boundary is not depicted on the Tithe Map and was probably removed prior to the 1840s. The earthworks remain visible on images derived from lidar data captured in 2010.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV354836Aerial Photograph: BKS Surveys Ltd. 1967. BKS/2822. BKS Surveys Ltd. Photograph (Paper). BKS/2822 V 2928-2929 14-MAR-1967. [Mapped feature: #67061 ]
SDV354994Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1823. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3305-3306 04-NOV-1946.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV357034Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2012. LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Sep 1 2014 11:54AM