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HER Number:MDV108700
Name:Drainage Banks south of Hele Cross

Summary

A small area of possible orchard tree planting banks of possible post-medieval to 19th century date was visible on aerial photographs of the 1940s and 1960s as earthworks to the south of Hele Cross. The earthworks have probably now been levelled.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 998 018
Map Sheet:SS90SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBroad Clyst
DistrictEast Devon

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • BANK (EARTHWORK) (Post Medieval to XIX - 1540 AD to 1840 AD (Between))
  • ORCHARD? (Post Medieval to XIX - 1540 AD to 1840 AD (Between))

Full description

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Maps and Apportionments (Website). SDV349463.

The banks do not correspond with any orchards recorded in this location.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The banks do not correspond with any orchards depicted in this location.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1823, RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3245-3246 04-NOV-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354994.

Linear earthwork banks are visible.


BKS Surveys Ltd, 1967, BKS/2822, BKS/2822 V 2925-2926 14-MAR-1967 (Aerial Photograph). SDV354836.

Linear earthwork banks are visible.


Environment Agency, 1998-2012, LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution), LIDAR SS9901 Environment Agency DSM 19-DEC-2005 (Cartographic). SDV357034.

The banks cannot be seen and have probably been levelled.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

A small area of possible orchard tree planting banks of possible post-medieval to 19th century date was visible on aerial photographs of the 1940s and 1960s as earthworks to the south of Hele Cross. The banks are around 5 to 6 metres wide and orientated roughly north-west to south-east, across the contours of the slopes overlooking the Culm Valley. The aerial photographs reveal evidence of possible springs rising in this area and such banks were made to aid drainage in orchards. However, the earthworks do not correspond with any orchards mentioned in the Tithe Apportionments for Broadclyst or depicted on the Ordnance Survey first edition 25 inch map, which might support the interpretation that an orchard had passed out of use prior to the 1840s. Alternatively, the earthworks might have been made simply to aid drainage in an area of pasture. The earthworks are not visible on images derived from lidar and have probably now been levelled.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV349463Website: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Maps and Apportionments. http://devon.gov.uk. Website.
SDV354836Aerial Photograph: BKS Surveys Ltd. 1967. BKS/2822. BKS Surveys Ltd. Photograph (Paper). BKS/2822 V 2925-2926 14-MAR-1967. [Mapped feature: #68050 ]
SDV354994Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1823. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1823 RP 3245-3246 04-NOV-1946.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV357034Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2012. LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SS9901 Environment Agency DSM 19-DEC-2005.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Dec 10 2014 4:30PM