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HER Number:MDV108939
Name:Yellowmead Farmstead, Peter Tavy

Summary

Abandoned farmstead dates from at least the late 17th century, based on documentary evidence, but may be older. Was abandoned in the early 20th century and purchased by the Ministry of Defence. The site is visible as two rectangular stone piles and a small enclosure.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 530 824
Map Sheet:SX58SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishPeter Tavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishPETER TAVY

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Structural remains of a deserted farmstead dating to at least the 17th century at Yellowmead

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 58 SW 170
  • Pastscape: 1159628
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMSTEAD (XVII to XX - 1672 AD to 1904 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Late 19th century historic map shows Yellowmead Farm. As the Tithe Map, except a new building has been added to the south of the main building.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Largely unchanged from the late 19th century historic map.


Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 55 (Monograph). SDV320981.

Crossing states that the ancient Lich Path passed by Yellowmead Farm and that an avenue of trees once extended from Yellowmead to Watervale, on the Lydford side of Black Down. He is certain that the track went from the ford below Willsworthy to the present Yellowmead Farm, and then on to Forstall Cross (a footpath from Willsworthy Pound to this point likely runs on the line of the old track).


Probert, S. + Fletcher, M. + Newman, P., 1998, Willsworthy Training Area, Peter Tavy, Devon: An Archaeological survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 11-13 (Report - Survey). SDV350638.

Yellowmead Farm, a small abandoned farmstead lies on a grassy hillslope at 287 metres above Ordnance Datum. The dwelling has been demolished, an amorphous pile of rubble some 7.6 metres by 6.0 metres and 1.2 metres high lies adjacent to the site. Two stances and a rectangular plot with drystone walling 1.2 metres high form earthworks to the west.
Post-Medieval agrarian remains 1540-1900. Yellowmead farm established during this time, along with Redford and Doetor. Typical of post-medieval farms, possessing large, regular fields, often bounded by walls, rather than turf and stone banks. Separate domestic and livestock accommodation.
Two or three small enclosures in the moorland directly north of the farm also show signs of cultivation ridges, although they are probably lazy beds used for planting potato crops.


Probert, S., 2001, Willsworthy Training Area, Peter Tavy, Devon. Integrated Land Management Plan Implementation: Archaeological Condition Baseline Survey Appendices 2-5, 1159628 (Report - Survey). SDV357727.

Yellowmead Farm. The demolished remains of a small farmstead. Two rectangular stone piles and a small enclosure are all that remains of the farmhouse and ancillary buildings. These features, in enclosed land, have been deliberately demolished. The stone is spreading slowly but in time will consolidate. No potential threats identified. Survey date: 23/02/2001


Dartmoor National Park Authority, 2006, Scanned sections of the Dartmoor Tithe Maps (farmsteads and settlements) (Cartographic). SDV357646.

Yellowmead is depicted on the Peter Tavy Tithe Map; 881 on the apportionment ('house and courtlage'), with a number of plots recorded as marsh ground. One building depicted with a small dwelling depicted at the western end.


Probert, S., 2007, A Condition Survey of the Archaeological Sites of the Willsworthy Freehold, Dartmoor Training Area, 01/09/2007 (Report - Survey). SDV357728.

The site of Yellowmead Farm is visible as two rectangular stone piles and a small enclosure.


Greeves, T. A. P., 2008, Yellowmead Farm Willsworthy, Peter Tavy. An Archaeological And Historical Survey (Report - Survey). SDV357706.

Surviving historical data for the occupation of Yellowmead Farm dates from 1672 until 1904. The farm, sometimes known as Hollowmead, was always small, with no more than about 16 acres of land attached.
A field survey of the farm site reveals mostly indistinct archaeological features, with much robbing of stone from the site. However, with the help of maps, the location of structures and other features can be identified.
The farm was abandoned by the last tenant in 1904 and was formally purchased by the War Office in November 1908, as part of the process of acquiring the freehold for its new live firing range at Willsworthy. The farm site has been razed and is now in a very reduced but more or less stable archaeological state, although considerable robbing of stone from the building foundations has taken place.
See report for detailed information on the history of occupation at Yellowmead and survey details.


Probert, S., 2013, A Condition Survey of the Archaeological Sites of the Willsworthy Freehold, Dartmoor Training Area, 30/11/2012 (Report - Survey). SDV357729.

Unchanged from the 2007 survey. In good stable condition.


Ordnance Survey, 2015, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV357601.

Remains of the farm are depicted on the modern mapping.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV320981Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 55.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV350638Report - Survey: Probert, S. + Fletcher, M. + Newman, P.. 1998. Willsworthy Training Area, Peter Tavy, Devon: An Archaeological survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field/Recording In. A4 Comb Bound + Digital. 11-13.
SDV357601Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2015. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #68274 ]
SDV357646Cartographic: Dartmoor National Park Authority. 2006. Scanned sections of the Dartmoor Tithe Maps (farmsteads and settlements). Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV357706Report - Survey: Greeves, T. A. P.. 2008. Yellowmead Farm Willsworthy, Peter Tavy. An Archaeological And Historical Survey. Not applicable. Digital.
SDV357727Report - Survey: Probert, S.. 2001. Willsworthy Training Area, Peter Tavy, Devon. Integrated Land Management Plan Implementation: Archaeological Condition Baseline Survey Appendices 2-5. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. A4 Comb Bound + Digital. 1159628.
SDV357728Report - Survey: Probert, S.. 2007. A Condition Survey of the Archaeological Sites of the Willsworthy Freehold, Dartmoor Training Area. Not applicable. A4 Comb Bound. 01/09/2007.
SDV357729Report - Survey: Probert, S.. 2013. A Condition Survey of the Archaeological Sites of the Willsworthy Freehold, Dartmoor Training Area. Not applicable. A4 Comb Bound. 30/11/2012.

Associated Monuments

MDV77936Related to: Lane End farmstead, Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV108192Related to: Lanehead Farm, Peter Tavy (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6662 - Archaeological and historical survey of Yellowmead Farm, Willsworthy
  • EDV6663 - Survey of the Willsworthy Training Area
  • EDV6664 - Survey of the Willsworthy Training Area
  • EDV6665 - Survey of the Willsworthy Training Area

Date Last Edited:Aug 1 2016 12:30PM