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HER Number:MDV110172
Name:Orchard and Orchard Banks Immediately North of Haywood Farm


Parallel linear banks, visible as earthworks on aerial photographs taken between 1947 and 1967, are interpreted as post-medieval or 19th century banks for fruit tree planting.


Grid Reference:ST 054 053
Map Sheet:ST00NE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishCullompton
DistrictMid Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCULLOMPTON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses: none recorded

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ORCHARD (Post Medieval to XIX - 1540 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

The field is depicted as orchard.

Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/1995 FS, RAF/CPE/UK/1995 FS 2135-2136 13-APR-1947 (Aerial Photograph). SDV356946.

Linear earthwork banks are visible, although somewhat obscured by tree cover.

Ordnance Survey, 1967, OS/67040, OS/67040 V 001 18-APR-1967 (Aerial Photograph). SDV356895.

Parallel linear earthwork banks are visible.

Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

Parallel linear banks, circa 3.5 metres in width, are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs taken in 1947, when they are partially obscured by tree cover, and 1967, when the trees are no longer present. This field is depicted as orchard on the late-19th century mapping, and the earthworks are aligned broadly cross-contour. They are therefore interpreted as banks for fruit tree planting, which are likely to be post-medieval or 19th century in date. A smaller area of possible orchard banks to the east appeared as linear pale cropmarks on aerial photographs taken in 1947, and this area was not depicted on historic maps, suggesting that use of this land parcel as an orchard ceased prior to the late-19th century. No evidence of earthworks was visible on any of the later available aerial photographs.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV356895Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1967. OS/67040. Ordnance Survey. Photograph (Paper). OS/67040 V 001 18-APR-1967. [Mapped feature: #69619 ]
SDV356946Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/1995 FS. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/1995 FS 2135-2136 13-APR-1947.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:May 6 2020 6:24PM