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HER Number:MDV1103
Name:Millsome Castle, Castle Wood, Coldridge

Summary

Millsome Castle comprises a motte with a small inner and a larger outer bailey situated on a natural rise above the River Taw with commanding views over the surrounding countryside.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 666 058
Map Sheet:SS60NE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishColdridge
DistrictMid Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCOLDRIDGE
Ecclesiastical ParishWINKLEIGH

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 34190
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS60NE/13
  • Old SAM County Ref: 754
  • Old SAM Ref: 30304
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SS60NE2

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CASTLE (Built, XI to XII - 1100 AD to 1200 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'Milson Castle (Site of)' shown as a cross on 19th century map.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

'Millsome Castle (Site of)' shown as a circular earthwork on early 20th century map.


King, D. J. C. + Alcock, L., 1969, Ringworks of England and Wales, 112 (Article in Serial). SDV39240.

A class 'D' ringwork on hillslope, with raised interior, and partial breastwork around its mainly level summit.


Ministry of Public Building and Works, 1970, Millsome Castle (Schedule Document). SDV345380.

Millsome Castle motte on a natural rise in a wood with a steep ascent on the south side and a more gradual slope on the north side. The motte is oblong with traces of an outer bank especially on the north side. A path leads up the west side.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1971, SS60NE2 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV345383.

This is a castle mound with a flat top. A vestigal berm around much of the circumference suggests an infilled ditch. On the north side where natural defence is slighter there is a ditch with an outer bank of stone rubble and earth. Whole area densely overgrown with bramble and it is difficult to see whether any form of bailey was intended.


Higham, R. A., 1979, The Castles of Medieval Devon, 127-128,249,260,279,294,296 298,315,317,321 (Post-Graduate Thesis). SDV336189.

On a knoll beside the River Taw. Physical details obscured by dense vegetation cover. Enclosing ditch survives on north side 1 metre deep. Central area is 2-3 metres high, and 20 metres in diameter. Its foundation date is uncertain, the civil war period (1130's and 1140's) is suggested. Other details: Figure 38.


Griffith, F. M., 1987, DAP/IM, 27-29 (Aerial Photograph). SDV122818.


Griffith, F. M., 1987, DAP/IN, 6-10 (Aerial Photograph). SDV54679.


Griffith, F. M., 1987, DAP/IY, 11-12 (Aerial Photograph). SDV234652.


Griffith, F. M., 1987, DAP/IZ, 1-2 (Aerial Photograph). SDV345385.


Higham, R. A., 1988, Devon Castles: An Annotated List, 144 (Article in Serial). SDV341278.


Pattison, P., 1991, Rapid Survey Pilot (Report - Survey). SDV345384.

Small bailey attached to west side. This lies inside a larger enclosure, possibly a second bailey, or the north-west side of the motte.


Department for Culture, Media and Sport, 1997, Millsome Castle (Schedule Document). SDV345381.

Millsome Castle is a Medieval motte on a natural rise above the valley of the River Taw with commanding views over the surrounding countryside. The monument survivies as an oval mound, 49 metres north to south by 43 metres east to west at the base,and 9 metres high. To the north is a section of ditch, 15 metres wide and 3 metres deep. This peters out to south at both the west and east sides of the mound, where it is preserved as a buried feature. The motte is thought to date to mid 1100s.


Young, A., 2005, Transcriptions from Winkleigh Biomass Plant National Mapping Programme (NMP) project (Cartographic). SDV321540.

Transcriptions of banks and ditches correspond to the grid reference for PRN166695.


Young, A. & Turner, S., 2005-2006, North Devon/Winkleigh Biomass Plant National Mapping Programme (NMP) project database records, PRN166695 (Interpretation). SDV358473.

Medieval motte and bailey castle. The motte is 45m across and visible on aerial photographs (p1) . Immediately to the north of the motte are the potential remains of a larger bank and ditched enclosure, 106m across (p2), these may be the remains of a bailey although they may be later in origin, perhaps associated with modern tree removal. The site was digitally plotted during the National Mapping Programme.
Photograph reference:
1. DCC DAP IZ 01-3 (NMR SS6605/9-11 (DAP 5655)) 17-JUL-1987
2. DCC DAP IN 07-12 (NMR SS6605/1-6 (DAP 5643)) 13-MAY-1987


National Monuments Record, 2010, 34190 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV345382.

A Medieval motte and bailey on a natural rise above the valley of the River Taw. It survives as an oval mound which measures 49 metres from north to south and 43 metres from east to west at its base, and is 9 metres high. To the north there is a section of ditch which measures 15 metres wide and up to 3 metres deep. This peters out to the south at both the western and eastern sides of the mound where it is preserved as a buried feature. A bailey is thought to exist on the western side. The castle is thought to date to the mid 1100s.


Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.

'Millsome Castle Motte' shown on modern mapping.


Environment Agency, 2011, LIDAR data JPEG images (2 metre resolution) (Cartographic). SDV348634.

LiDAR shows the remains of Millsome Castle to cover a larger area than that currently scheduled. The motte with its surrounding ditch can be clearly seen with a small inner bailey adjoining on the north side with a larger outer bailey extending to the north and east of the motte. There appears to be a holloway approaching the base of the motte along the southern side of the outer bailey and possibly another trackway leading west from the castle towards the river.


Gethin, B., 2011, Millsome Castle (Correspondence). SDV356363.

One of the better motte and baileys hidden by woodland. Two baileys are visible on LiDAR and possibly also the main gateway.


National Monument Record, 2014, Pastscape, 34190 (Website). SDV355682.

A medieval motte and bailey on a natural rise above the valley of the River Taw. It survives as an oval mound which measures 49 metres from north to south and 43 metres from east to west at its base, and is 9 metres high. To the north there is a section of ditch which measures 15 metres wide and up to 3 metres deep. This peters out to the south at both the western and eastern sides of the mound where it is preserved as a buried feature. A bailey is thought to exist on the western side. The castle is thought to date to the mid 1100s. Scheduled. NMR Number: SS60NE2. Record last updated: 2003.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV122818Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1987. DAP/IM. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 27-29.
SDV234652Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1987. DAP/IY. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 11-12.
SDV321540Cartographic: Young, A.. 2005. Transcriptions from Winkleigh Biomass Plant National Mapping Programme (NMP) project. Plot of Cropmarks. Digital.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336189Post-Graduate Thesis: Higham, R. A.. 1979. The Castles of Medieval Devon. University of Exeter Thesis. Unknown. 127-128,249,260,279,294,296 298,315,317,321.
SDV341278Article in Serial: Higham, R. A.. 1988. Devon Castles: An Annotated List. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 46. Paperback Volume. 144.
SDV344030Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV345380Schedule Document: Ministry of Public Building and Works. 1970. Millsome Castle. The Schedule of Monuments. A4 Stapled.
SDV345381Schedule Document: Department for Culture, Media and Sport. 1997. Millsome Castle. The Schedule of Monuments. A4 Stapled.
SDV345382National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. 2010. 34190. National Monuments Record Database. Website.
SDV345383Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1971. SS60NE2. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV345384Report - Survey: Pattison, P.. 1991. Rapid Survey Pilot. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. Unknown.
SDV345385Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1987. DAP/IZ. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1-2.
SDV348634Cartographic: Environment Agency. 2011. LIDAR data JPEG images (2 metre resolution). Digital. [Mapped feature: #69734 ]
SDV355682Website: National Monument Record. 2014. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. 34190.
SDV356363Correspondence: Gethin, B.. 2011. Millsome Castle. Email to B. Horner. Digital.
SDV358473Interpretation: Young, A. & Turner, S.. 2005-2006. North Devon/Winkleigh Biomass Plant National Mapping Programme (NMP) project database records. Cornwall Council Report. Digital. PRN166695.
SDV39240Article in Serial: King, D. J. C. + Alcock, L.. 1969. Ringworks of England and Wales. Chateau Gaillard. 3. Unknown. 112.
SDV54679Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1987. DAP/IN. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 6-10.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7455 - Winkleigh Biomass Plant National Mapping Programme

Date Last Edited:Mar 9 2018 9:56AM